Ethiopia

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IDP Population Trend

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About Ethiopia

Ethiopia faces one of the most complex human mobility environments in the world, with a range of social, economic, political, and climatic factors driving populations within and outside its borders.

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system that monitors human mobility within Ethiopia to provide essential insights into the location, vulnerabilities, demographic breakdown and needs of displaced and mobile populations to provide the Government of Ethiopia, humanitarian and development partners, as well as donors and other relevant stakeholders with a useful evidence base for planning, advocacy, and response.

Since its launch in September 2016 in Ethiopia, the DTM has grown to be a fully integrated component of Ethiopia’s national and sub-national information management architecture, as it is the official source of data on internal displacement in the country.

In Ethiopia, mobility tracking captures internal displacement and return through three annual rounds of Site Assessments (focused on IDPs and the availability of services in their areas of displacement) as well as returning IDPs through the Village Assessment Surveys (focused on host community capacity to absorb returns targeting IDPs, returning IDPs, returned migrants and host community members and their access to services with a focus on livelihoods and reintegration).  Mobility tracking data is largely used to inform humanitarian response and development planning and as such is coordinated with both humanitarian and development actors in country as well as with the Ethiopia Disaster Risk Management Commission. Flow Monitoring captures inter-and intra-regional migration flows daily at key identified transit locations. This information is largely used to inform more developmental programming including migrant assistance and protection programming. This data is also shared with humanitarian and development counterparts in the country and is collected in close coordination with the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. Both DTM components intend to provide an evidence-base for programming and policy that is increasingly integrated and area-based. In addition to mobility tracking and flow monitoring, DTM Ethiopia also deploys thematic household level surveys to provide representative, granular information which can be triangulated with pre-existing DTM data collected through key informants and focus group discussions. This data enables the humanitarian and development communities to obtain important insight into the needs, conditions, vulnerabilities, and intentions of IDPs which can be particularly useful in informing programs, especially with regards to durable solutions, livelihoods, and other Humanitarian Development Nexus (HDN) related programming and policy initiatives.

DTM Ethiopia currently deploys over 200 staff and enumerators to track displacement, returns and migrant movements in the country.

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, DTMEthiopia@iom.int

 

Current Donors
  • USAID
  • ECHO
  • Canada
  • Japan
  • EHF
Mobility Impact due to COVID-19 in Ethiopia

To better understand how COVID-19 affects global mobility, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been working to map the impacts on human mobility, at Global, Regional and Country level.


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Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 54 (March 2024)

In March 2024, a total of 43,252 movements were observed across the six flow monitoring points (FMPs) in Ethiopia. This represents an 11.5% increase in daily average movements in comparison with February 2024 when an average of 1,251 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 18 (November- December 2023)

Between November and December 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 35 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 18.

Ethiopia — Rural to Urban Movements in Somali Region, Internal Flow Monitoring Dashboard (August 2023)

In order to increase the availability of evidence on rural to urban migration flows and trends, as well as needs, coping mechanisms and motivations of drought-affected persons, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Data and Research Unit (DRU), through the Displacement Tracking Matri

Ethiopia — Rural to Urban Movements in Somali Region, Internal Flow Monitoring Dashboard (July 2023)

In order to increase the availability of evidence on rural to urban migration flows and trends, as well as needs, coping mechanisms and motivations of drought-affected persons, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Data and Research Unit (DRU), through the Displacement Tr

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 53 (February 2024)

In February 2024, a total of 36,277 movements were observed across the six flow monitoring points (FMPs) in Ethiopia. This represents a 4.2% decrease in daily average movements in comparison with January 2024 when an average of 1,305 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia — Cash Feasibility Snapshot Report (August – September 2023)

Between August and September 2023, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Data and Research Unit (DRU), through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) methodology, deployed the Site Assessment (SA) and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) tools to assess the mobility, needs and vulnerabili

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 52 (January 2024)

In January 2024, a total of 40,464 movements were observed across the six flow monitoring points (FMPs) in Ethiopia. This represents a 5.7% increase in daily average movements in comparison with December 2023 when an average of 1,235 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia — Shelter and NFI Snapshot Report (August – September 2023)

Between August and September 2023, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Data and Research Unit (DRU), through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) methodology, deployed the Site Assessment(SA) and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) tools to assess the mobility, needs and vulnerabilit

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 51 (December 2023)

In December 2023, a total of 38,295 movements were observed across the six flow monitoring points (FMPs) in Ethiopia. This represents a 3.2% increase in daily average movements in comparison with November 2023 when an average of 1,197 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia — Rural to Urban Movements in Somali Region, Internal Flow Monitoring Dashboard (June 2023)

In order to increase the availability of evidence on rural to urban migration flows and trends, as well as needs, coping mechanisms and motivations of drought-affected persons, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Data and Research Unit (DRU), through the Displacement Tracking Matri

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 50 (November 2023)

In November 2023, a total of 35,902 movements were observed across the six flow monitoring points (FMPs) in Ethiopia. This represents an 8% decrease in daily average movements in comparison with October 2023 when an average of 1,302 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia — Disability Inclusion (DI) Snapshot Report (August – September 2023)

Between August and September 2023, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) methodology, deployed the Site Assessment (SA) Round 34 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 17 assessment tools to assess the mobility, needs and vulne

Ethiopia — Accountability to Affected Populations (AAP) Snapshot Report (August – September 2023)

Between August and September 2023, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) methodology, deployed the Site Assessment (SA) Round 34 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 17 assessment tools to assess the mobility, needs and vulne

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 17 (August - September 2023)

Between August and September 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 34 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 17, carrying out a multisectoral location assessment. It is to be noted that Amhara region was largely uncovered this round due to increased insecurity, and both the

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 49 (October 2023)

In October 2023, a total of 40,370 movements were observed across the six flow monitoring points (FMPs) in Ethiopia. This represents a 4% increase in daily average movements in comparison with September 2023 when an average of 1,258 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 48 (September 2023)

In September 2023, a total of 37,742 movements were observed across the six flow monitoring points (FMPs) in Ethiopia. This represents a 6% increase in daily average movements in comparison with August 2023 when an average of 1,187 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 47 (August 2023)

In August 2023, a total of 36,796 movements were observed across the six flow monitoring points (FMPs) in Ethiopia. This represents a 24% decrease in daily average movements in comparison with July 2023, where an average of 1,553 movements per day were observed.

DTM Ethiopia - Durable Solutions for Drought-affected IDPs in Somali region, Ethiopia - Household-Level Intention Survey (HLIS) (October 2022)

This report presents findings on data collected by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) methodology and Household-Level Intention Survey (HLIS) tool, to inform durable solutions activities for Internally Displaced Persons

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 46 (July 2023)

In July 2023, a total of 48,133 movements were observed across six of Ethiopia's flow monitoring points (FMPs). This represents a 12% decrease in daily average movements in comparison with June 2023 when an average of 1,754 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 16 (November 2022 - June 2023)

Between April and June 2023, IOM DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 33 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 16, carrying out a multisectoral location assessment in Tigray region, and a figure update in selected high mobility locations across the rest of Ethiopia.

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Survey Report 13 (October - December 2022)

Between 1 October and 31 December 2022, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) methodology, deployed the Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS) across the 5 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in the country to assess the socio economic prof

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 45 (June 2023)

In June 2023, a total of 52,634 movements were observed across six of Ethiopia's flow monitoring points (FMPs). This represents a 15% decrease in daily average movements in comparison with May 2023 when an average of 2,072 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia — Flow Monitoring Dashboard 44 (May 2023)

In May 2023, a total of 64,237 movements were observed across five of Ethiopia's flow monitoring points (FMPs). This represents a 49% increase in daily average movements in comparison with April 2023 when an average of 1,393 movements per day were observed.

Ethiopia - Returned Migrants from Abroad, Amhara and Oromia regions (November 2022 - January 2023)

This snapshot report will present data on returned migrants from abroad collected by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) methodology and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) tool in the Amhara and Oromia regions of Ethiopia between November


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Ethiopia — Village Assessment Survey 18
2023-12-31

<p>Between November and December 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 35 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 18.</p><p>According to data collected through the Site Assessment round 35 November and December 2023, an estimated 3,194,413 IDPs (635,724 IDP…

Mobility Tracking, Village Assessment
Ethiopia - Site Assessment Round 35
2023-12-31

<p>Between 23 November and 31 December 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 35 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 18. SA is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more IDP households, and the VAS is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more returning…

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment
Ethiopia - Site Assessment Round 34
2023-09-02

<p>Between 01 August and 02 September 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 34 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 17, carrying out a multisectoral location assessment. SA is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more IDP households, and the VAS is conducted in…

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment
Ethiopia — Village Assessment Survey 17
2023-09-02

Between 01 August and 02 September 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 34 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 17, carrying out a multisectoral location assessment. SA is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more IDP households, and the VAS is conducted in locations…

Mobility Tracking, Village Assessment
Ethiopia - Site Assessment Round 33
2023-06-29

In June 2023, IOM DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 33 (figure update) in 281 sites across Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Sidama, SNNP and Somali regions of Ethiopia. The SA Round 32 data (November 2022 - January 2023) was compiled with the figure update SA Round 33 (June 2023) data to develop a…

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment
Ethiopia — Village Assessment Survey 16 - Tigray
2023-06-29

In Tigray village assessment survey round 16, 963 villages were covered. 1,256,297 returning IDPs and 296,229 returning IDP households were identified.

Mobility Tracking, Village Assessment
Ethiopia - Site Assessment Round 33 - Tigray
2023-06-28

In Tigray site assessment round 33, 643 sites were covered. 1,021,798 IDPs and 250,468 IDP households were identified.

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment
Ethiopia — Village Assessment Survey 16
2023-06-26

In June 2023, IOM DTM deployed the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 16 (figure update) in 64 villages across Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP and South West Ethiopia Peoples' regions of Ethiopia. The VAS Round 15 data (November 2022 - January 2023) was compiled with the figure update VAS Round…

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment, Village Assessment
Ethiopia - Site Assessment Round 32
2023-01-09

A site assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on population presence, living conditions and needs in a particular displacement site or community. In round 32, 3143255 IDPs and 579672 IDP households were identified.

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment
Ethiopia — Village Assessment Survey 15
2023-01-08

The purpose of VAS is to assess the capacity of villages to absorb returns through the availability of services with a focus on livelihoods and reintegration. Demographic information was collected through representative sampling at the village level at a 95% confidence interval and a 10% margin of…

Mobility Tracking, Village Assessment
Ethiopia — Village Assessment Survey 14
2022-09-17

A village assessment survey (VAS) is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It collects data on returning IDPs, IDPs, returned migrants and host community members. VAS evaluates the absorption capacity of villages to receive returning IDPs with a focus on accessibility of services, livelihoods and…

Mobility Tracking, Village Assessment
Ethiopia - Site Assessment Round 31
2022-09-17

A site assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on population presence, living conditions and needs in a particular displacement site or community.

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment
Ethiopia - Site Assessment Round 30
2022-07-09

A site assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on population presence, living conditions and needs in a particular displacement site or community.

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment, Village Assessment
Ethiopia — Village Assessment Survey 13
2022-07-08

A village assessment survey (VAS) is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It collects data on returning IDPs, IDPs, returned migrants and host community members. VAS evaluates the absorption capacity of villages to receive returning IDPs with a focus on accessibility of services, livelihoods and…

Mobility Tracking, Village Assessment
Ethiopia - Site Assessment Round 29
2022-04-18

A site assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on population presence, living conditions and needs in a particular displacement site or community.

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment
Ethiopia — Village Assessment Survey 12
2022-04-09

A village assessment survey (VAS) is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It collects data on returning IDPs, IDPs, returned migrants and host community members. VAS evaluates the absorption capacity of villages to receive returning IDPs with a focus on accessibility of services, livelihoods and…

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment, Village Assessment
Ethiopia — Village Assessment Survey 11
2022-02-15

A village assessment survey (VAS) is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It collects data on returning IDPs, IDPs, returned migrants and host community members. VAS evaluates the absorption capacity of villages to receive returning IDPs with a focus on accessibility of services, livelihoods and…

Mobility Tracking, Village Assessment
Ethiopia - Emergency Site Assessment - Northern Ethiopia Crisis - Round 9
2022-02-15

The Emergency Site Assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on population presence, living conditions and needs in a particular displacement site or community. Round 9 of the Emergency Site Assessment was implemented in Afar and Amhara regions, but due to a lack…

Site Assessment, Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Ethiopia - Site Assessment Round 28
2022-01-07

A site assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on population presence, living conditions and needs in a particular displacement site or community.

Mobility Tracking, Site Assessment
Ethiopia - Emergency Site Assessment - Northern Ethiopia Crisis - Round 8
2021-10-04

The Emergency Site Assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on population presence, living conditions and needs in a particular displacement site or community.

Site Assessment, Mobility Tracking

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Ethiopia - National Displacement Map 18 (November - December 2023)

Between 23 November and 31 December 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 35 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 18. SA is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more IDP households, and the VAS is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more returning IDP households that returned after 1 January 2022. It is to be noted that South Ethiopia region was not included due to operational constraints. The National Displacement Map visualizes locations of displacement, density of displacement caseload, primary reasons for displacement, estimated displacement figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia - National Returns Map 18 (November - December 2023)

Between 23 November and 31 December 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 35 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 18. SA is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more IDP households, and the VAS is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more returning IDP households that returned after 1 January 2022. It is to be noted that South Ethiopia region was not included due to operational constraints. The National Returns Map visualizes locations of return, density of return caseload, primary reasons for initial displacement, estimated return figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia - National Returns Map 17 (August - September 2023)

Between August and September 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 34 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 17, carrying out a multisectoral location assessment. It is to be noted that Amhara region was largely uncovered this round due to increased insecurity, and both the IDP and returning IDP caseloads should likely be higher. The National Displacement Map visualizes locations of displacement, density of displacement caseload, primary reasons for displacement, estimated displacement figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia — National Displacement Map 17 (August - September 2023)

Between August and September 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 34 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 17, carrying out a multisectoral location assessment. It is to be noted that Amhara region was largely uncovered this round due to increased insecurity, and both the IDP and returning IDP caseloads should likely be higher. The National Displacement Map visualizes locations of displacement, density of displacement caseload, primary reasons for displacement, estimated displacement figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia - National Returns Map 16 (November 2022 - June 2023)

Between April and June 2023, IOM DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 33 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 16, carrying out a multisectoral location assessment in Tigray region, and a figure update in selected high mobility locations across the rest of Ethiopia. The November 2022 - January 2023 data (Round 32 for SA and Round 15 for VAS) was compiled with the April - June 2023 data (Round 33 for SA and Round 16 for VAS) to consolidate national IDP and returning IDP figures updated to June 2023. The locations assessed during both rounds of data collection are not duplicated in the consolidated figures. The National Returns Map visualizes locations of return, density of return caseload, primary reasons for initial displacement, estimated return figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia - National Displacement Map 16 (November 2022 - June 2023)

 Between April and June 2023, IOM DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 33 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 16, carrying out a multisectoral location assessment in Tigray region, and a figure update in selected high mobility locations across the rest of Ethiopia. The November 2022 - January 2023 data (Round 32 for SA and Round 15 for VAS) was compiled with the April - June 2023 data (Round 33 for SA and Round 16 for VAS) to consolidate national IDP and returning IDP figures updated to June 2023. The locations assessed during both rounds of data collection are not duplicated in the consolidated figures. The National Displacement Map visualizes locations of displacement, density of displacement caseload, primary reasons for displacement, estimated displacement figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia - National Returns Map 15 (November 2022 - January 2023)

Between 25 November 2022 and 9 January 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 32 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 15. SA is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more IDP households, and the VAS is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more returning IDP households that returned after 1 January 2021. The National Returns Map visualizes locations of return, density of return caseload, primary reasons for initial displacement, estimated return figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia —National Displacement Map 15 (November 2022- January 2023)

Between 25 November 2022 and 9 January 2023, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 32 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 15. SA is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more IDP households, and the VAS is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more returning IDP households that returned after 1 January 2021. The National Displacement Map visualizes locations of displacement, density of displacement caseload, primary reasons for displacement, estimated displacement figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia - National Returns Map 14 (August - September 2022)

Between 8 August and 17 September 2022, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 31 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 14. SA is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more IDP households, and the VAS is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more returning IDP households that returned after 1 January 2021. The National Returns Map visualizes locations of return, density of return caseload, primary reasons for initial displacement, estimated return figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia - National Displacement Map 14 (August - September 2022)

Between 8 August and 17 September 2022, IOM’s DTM deployed Site Assessment (SA) Round 31 and Village Assessment Survey (VAS) Round 14. SA is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more IDP households, and the VAS is conducted in locations hosting a reported 20 or more returning IDP households that returned after 1 January 2021. The National Displacement Map visualizes locations of displacement, density of displacement caseload, primary reasons for displacement, estimated displacement figures, and access constraints.

Ethiopia - Flow Monitoring (February 2018 - December 2019)

Multiple maps illustrating all outgoing and incoming movements from Ethiopia tracked by the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring project. The maps are comprised of data from different periods, with the earliest from February 2018.

Site Assessment