The Displacement Tracking Matrix has been active and in coordination with the Government in Ethiopia since 2016. Owing to the dynamic mobility conditions in Ethiopia, various DTM tools in varying frequency and locations to capture the evolving situation. DTM captures data on internal displacement, return, and inter/intra-regional migration.
In Ethiopia, mobility tracking captures internal displacement and return through bi-monthly Site Assessments (focused on IDPs and the availability of services in their areas of displacement) as well as returning IDPs through bi-monthly Village Assessment Surveys (focused on host community capacity to absorb returns targeting IDPs, returning IDPs, returned migrants and host community members and their access to services with a focus on livelihoods and reintegration). Mobility tracking data is largely used to inform humanitarian response and as such is coordinated with humanitarian actors in country as well as with the National Disaster Risk Management Commission, a branch of the Ethiopian Government’s Ministry of Peace. Flow Monitoring captures inter-and intra-regional migration flows daily at key identified transit locations. This information is largely used to inform more developmental programming including migrant assistance and protection programming. This data is also shared with humanitarian and development counterparts in the country and is collected in close coordination with the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. Both DTM components that are currently active in Ethiopia intend to provide an evidence-base for programming and policy that is increasingly integrated and area-based.