Spain is located in southwestern Europe, and there are two main routes into Spain: the Western Mediterranean route (WMR) and the Western African Atlantic route (WAAR). The former links Morocco and Algeria with the Spanish mainland, the Balearic Islands and Ceuta and Melilla; the latter connects the coasts of Western African countries to the Canary Islands.
WMR was the most frequently migration route used to reach Europe in 2018, but, the number of entries decreased in most recent years. At the same time, the WAAR has registered a more sustained number of arrivals, and it is considered one of the deadliest migration routes in the world according to IOM’s Missing Migrants data.
Since 2017, IOM Spain implements two DTM components: Flow Monitoring (FM) and Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS). FM is the compilation and consolidation of available daily information on number of migrants that arrive in Spain by sea and land. FMS are regularly conducted with migrants arriving by land and by sea since 2018, with the aim of better understanding their profiles, vulnerabilities, intentions and needs.