In Pakistan, IOM's DTM implementation started in 2010 as part of the response to Flood Emergency. Since then, the implementation has evolved into preparedness measure. In 2017, it also implemented flow monitoring activities, where DTM collects information at two official border points to identify cross-border mobility patterns and profiles of mobile populations. Up to date IOM Pakistan continues operations at two DTM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Torkham and Chaman under the Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP) project, funded by the European Union that was established in 2018 to strengthen the evidence-based formulation and implementation of humanitarian and development policy and programming on migration and forced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq and Pakistan.
Flow monitoring dashboards capture information on demographics of groups crossing the border with Afghanistan, with detailed analysis on migration flows. It also includes push and pull factors behind decisions to return, information on the journey (routes, mode of transport and intermediaries) as well as data on return intentions, expectations and perceptions of individuals returning to Afghanistan. Since 2020, to better understand how the COVID-19 pandemic affects global mobility, IOM developed an online tool and database to register points of entry, exit and transit - such as airports and land and blue border crossing points - where mobility restrictions and preparedness and response measures are in place. To support these efforts, the DTM REMAP team in Pakistan maps and gathers information on the locations, statuses and restrictions at Points of Entry (PoE) in the country.