Ethiopia

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IDP Population Trend

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About Ethiopia

Ethiopia faces one of the most complex human mobility environments in the world, with a range of social, economic, political, and climatic factors driving populations within and outside its borders.

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system that monitors human mobility within Ethiopia to provide essential insights into the location, vulnerabilities, demographic breakdown and needs of displaced and mobile populations to provide the Government of Ethiopia, humanitarian and development partners, as well as donors and other relevant stakeholders with a useful evidence base for planning, advocacy, and response.

Since its launch in September 2016 in Ethiopia, the DTM has grown to be a fully integrated component of Ethiopia’s national and sub-national information management architecture, as it is the official source of data on internal displacement in the country.

In Ethiopia, mobility tracking captures internal displacement and return through three annual rounds of Site Assessments (focused on IDPs and the availability of services in their areas of displacement) as well as returning IDPs through the Village Assessment Surveys (focused on host community capacity to absorb returns targeting IDPs, returning IDPs, returned migrants and host community members and their access to services with a focus on livelihoods and reintegration).  Mobility tracking data is largely used to inform humanitarian response and development planning and as such is coordinated with both humanitarian and development actors in country as well as with the Ethiopia Disaster Risk Management Commission. Flow Monitoring captures inter-and intra-regional migration flows daily at key identified transit locations. This information is largely used to inform more developmental programming including migrant assistance and protection programming. This data is also shared with humanitarian and development counterparts in the country and is collected in close coordination with the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. Both DTM components intend to provide an evidence-base for programming and policy that is increasingly integrated and area-based. In addition to mobility tracking and flow monitoring, DTM Ethiopia also deploys thematic household level surveys to provide representative, granular information which can be triangulated with pre-existing DTM data collected through key informants and focus group discussions. This data enables the humanitarian and development communities to obtain important insight into the needs, conditions, vulnerabilities, and intentions of IDPs which can be particularly useful in informing programs, especially with regards to durable solutions, livelihoods, and other Humanitarian Development Nexus (HDN) related programming and policy initiatives.

DTM Ethiopia currently deploys over 200 staff and enumerators to track displacement, returns and migrant movements in the country.

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, DTMEthiopia@iom.int

 

Current Donors
  • USAID
  • ECHO
  • Canada
  • Japan
  • EHF
Mobility Impact due to COVID-19 in Ethiopia

To better understand how COVID-19 affects global mobility, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been working to map the impacts on human mobility, at Global, Regional and Country level.


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Ethiopia - Flow Monitoring Dashboard 1 (September 2019)

In September 2019, a total of 10,208 movements were observed across Ethiopia's Five Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a 6% decrease in comparison with August 2019 when 10,858 movements were observed.

Ethiopia — Thematic Paper: Site Assessment Durable Solutions Index Report 1

The DTM Ethiopia Site Assessment Durable Solutions Index Report measures the progress of IDP populations towards overcoming displacement-related vulnerabilities by examining specific criteria outlined within the IASC Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons.

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 1 (June — July 2019)

In order to capture the displacement and mobility dynamics in Ethiopia, DTM Ethiopia's National Displacement Report combines its findings from its Site Assessment (SA) in Section 1 and findings from the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) in Section 2.

Ethiopia — National Displacement Dashboard 17 (May - June 2019)

This analysis represents a snapshot of the displacement context from 1st May to 1st June 2019. It does not reflect any return movements or other changes which may have taken place after the period of data collection.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 17, Tigray Region (May - June 2019)

96,256 displaced individuals comprising 49,388 households in 207 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 17, Somali Region (May - June 2019)

1,051,542 displaced individuals comprising 175,378 households in 419 displacement sites were identified in Somali region.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 17, Oromia Region (May - June 2019)

877,537 displaced individuals comprising 145,217 households in 460 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region. These figures represent an increase of 24,964 individuals (+2.93%), an increase of 901 households (+0.62%), a decrement of 3 sites (-0.65%) since round 16 (March/April 2019).

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 17, Amhara Region (May - June 2019)

102,761 displaced individuals comprising 24,040 households in 82 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region. These figures represent an increase of 12,617 individuals

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 17, Gambella Region (May - June 2019)

31,041 displaced individuals comprising 3,846 households in 13 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 17, Afar Region (May - June 2019)

58,145 displaced individuals comprising 10,383 households in 63 displacement sites were identified in Afar region.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 16, Somali Region (March - April 2019)

1,066,732 displaced individuals comprising  176,771 households in 415 displacement sites were identified in Somali region.

Ethiopia — National Displacement Dashboard 16 (March - April 2019)

The majority of the recorded population were displaced before 2018 with 890 sites reportedly opening in 2016 or 2017 (DTM Rounds 1-8). Conflict was reported as the primary driver of displacement with 1,623,716 conflict-affected IDPs tracked through the Site Assessment.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 16, Tigray (March - April 2019)

94,542 displaced individuals comprising  46,873 households in 183 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 16, Oromia (March - April 2019)

852,573 displaced individuals comprising  144,316 households in 463 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 16, Gambella (March - April 2019)

20,883 displaced individuals comprising  3,034 households in 13 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region. These figures represent an increase of  142  individuals (+0.68%), a decrease of 30 households (-0.98%) and since round 15 (January/February 2019), no increment of sites.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 16, Amhara (March - April 2019)

90,144 displaced individuals comprising  21,439 households in 80 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region. These figures represent an increase of  66,468 individuals (+280.74%), an increase of 14,281  households (+199.51%) and 6 sites (+8.11%) since round 15 (January/February 2019).

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 16, Afar (March - April 2019)

50,092 displaced individuals comprising  9,227 households in 58 displacement sites were identified in Afar region. These figures represent an increase of  655  individuals (+1.32%), an increase of 247  households (+2.75%), and 3 sites (+8.11%) since round 15 (January/February 2019).

Ethiopia — East and West Wellega Rapid Response Assessment 2 (1 — 10 April 2019)

Localized conflict in Benishangul Gumuz region (BSG) and East and West Wollega zones of Oromia region beginning in the last week of September 2018 is believed to have displaced an estimated 191,995 individuals comprising 36,470 households.

Ethiopia — Gedeo and West Guji Rapid Response Assessment 6 (11 — 17 March 2019)

From April to July 2018 a localized conflict in Gedeo and West Guji zones caused the displacement of an estimated 958,175 people.

Ethiopia — National Displacement Dashboard 15 (January - February 2019)

The majority of the recorded population were displaced before 2018, with 904 sites which reportedly opened in 2016/17 (DTM Rounds 1 - 8). Conflict was reported as the primary driver of displacement (1,663,396 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (508,723 IDPs).

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 15, Tigray (January - February 2019)

82,968 displaced individuals comprising 38,293 households in 162 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 15, Somali (January - February 2019)

1,166,878 displaced individuals comprising 196,628 households in 409 displacement sites were identified in Somali region.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 15, Oromia (January - February 2019)

859,290 displaced individuals comprising 143,902 households in 472 displacement sites were identified in Oromia region.

Ethiopia — Displacement Report 15, Gambella (January - February 2019)

20,741 displaced individuals comprising 3,064 households in 13 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region.


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