Somalia

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IDPs tracked

Displacement Movements

3,862,000
IDMC 2022

Data collection round

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IDP Population Trend

  • Administrative division with available number of displaced persons
  • Site assessed by DTM
  • Data not available
About Somalia

IOM Somalia Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) aims to collect, analysis and disseminate information on displacement. DTM is IOM’s information management system to track and monitor numbers, locations, movements, needs and vulnerabilities of displaced people. The data outputs, including reports, maps, datasets and online interactive resources, support responses in humanitarian crisis, evidence-based decision making, durable solutions programming and migration research. DTM Somalia was first launch in 2016.

Since the collapse of the Somali central government in 1991, Somalia has suffered a highly complex protracted conflict characterized by changing political dynamics and power shifts. Forced displacement remains an ongoing reality for people living in Somalia due to conflict, environmental hardships, combined with inadequate resource distribution that is often  exacerbated by clan-based, ideological differences and land and natural resource competition. Natural hazards, including drought and flooding, combined with widespread security threats have caused one of the world’s largest displacement crises, with 3.8 million IDPs recorded at the end of 2022. Somalia also has a strategic geographical position on the eastern route, which connects the Horn of Africa to the Gulf countries, representing one of the most dangerous and frequented migration corridors in the world.

Current Donors
  • EU
  • ECHO
  • BHA
  • Canada
  • JSB
  • World Bank
Mobility Impact due to COVID-19 in Somalia

To better understand how COVID-19 affects global mobility, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been working to map the impacts on human mobility, at Global, Regional and Country level.


For more advanced search results, please goto the Advanced report search page
Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 10 (June 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 9 (May 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 6 (May 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 5 (May 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 3 (April 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season. Districts covered in this round include Afgooye, Afmadow, Baardheere, Baidoa, Balcad, Belet Weyne, Gaalkacyo, Garoowe, Jowhar, Kismaayo, and Luuq.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 2 (April 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season. Districts covered in this round include Afgooye, Afmadow, Baardheere, Baidoa, Balcad, Garoowe, Jamaame, Kismaayo, and Luuq.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 1 (April 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season. Districts covered in this round include Baardheere and Luuq.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 8 (May 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season. Districts covered in this round include Afgooye, Afmadow, Baardheere, Baidoa, Balcad, Belet Weyne, Gaalkacyo, Garoowe, Jamaame, Jowhar, Kismaayo, and Luuq.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 7 (May 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season. Districts covered in this round include Afgooye, Afmadow, Baardheere, Baidoa, Balcad, Belet Weyne, Gaalkacyo, Garoowe, Jamaame, Jowhar, Kismaayo, and Luuq.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — Round 4 (April 2024)

This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season. Districts covered in this round include Afgooye, Afmadow, Baardheere, Baidoa, Balcad, Belet Weyne, Gaalkacyo, Garoowe, Jamaame, Jowhar, Kismaayo, and Luuq.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — (February, 2024)

To monitor El Niño-related displacements, DTM Somalia runs ETT activities in 23 districts within four regions in Somalia. ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or  emerging crises.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — (January, 2024)

To monitor El Niño-related displacements, DTM Somalia runs ETT activities in 43 districts within eleven regions in Somalia. ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises.

Somalia - Baseline Assessment Report - Round 2 (February 2023 - January 2024)

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories.

Somalia — Border Point Flow Monitoring — [December 2023)

A total of 19,192 movements were observed in December 2023, representing a 16% increase compared to November 2023 when 16,614 movements were observed during this period.

Somalia - Baseline Assessment - Summary report - Round 2 (February 2023 - January 2024)

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — (Dec 24, 2023 — Jan 06, 2024)

To monitor El Niño-related displacements, DTM Somalia runs ETT activities in 28 districts within ten regions in Somalia. ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or  emerging crises.

Somalia — Border Point Flow Monitoring — (November 2023)

A total of 16,614 movements were observed in November 2023, representing a 37% decrease compared to October 2023 when 26,352 movements were observed during this period.

Somalia - Emergency Trend Tracking Report (10 - 23 December 2023)

In response to the Somalia’s severe drought beginning in November 2021, DTM Somalia launched an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool first in Gedo and Bay regions in 2022, and subsequently in Hiraan, Banadir and Middle Shabelle regions in 2023 to monitor drought related displacement trends and ho

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — (Nov 26 — Dec 09, 2023)

In response to the Somalia’s severe drought beginning in November 2021, DTM Somalia launched an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool first in Gedo and Bay regions in 2022, and subsequently in Hiraan, Banadir and Middle Shabelle regions in 2023 to monitor drought related displacement trends and ho

Somalia — Border Point Flow Monitoring — (October 2023)

A total of 26,352 movements were observed in October 2023, representing a 6 per cent increase compared to September 2023 when 24,816 movements were observed.

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — (Nov 19 — Nov 25, 2023)

In response to the Somalia’s severe drought beginning in November 2021, DTM Somalia launched an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool first in Gedo and Bay regions in 2022, and subsequently in Hiraan, Banadir and Middle Shabelle regions in 2023 to monitor drought related displacement trends and ho

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — (Nov 12 — Nov 18, 2023)

In response to the Somalia’s severe drought beginning in November 2021, DTM Somalia launched an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool first in Gedo and Bay regions in 2022, and subsequently in Hiraan, Banadir and Middle Shabelle regions in 2023 to monitor drought related displacement trends and ho

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — (Nov 05 — Nov 11, 2023)

In response to the Somalia’s severe drought beginning in November 2021, DTM Somalia launched an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool first in Gedo and Bay regions in 2022, and subsequently in Hiraan, Banadir and Middle Shabelle regions in 2023 to monitor drought related displacement trends and ho

Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Report — (Oct 29 — Nov 04, 2023)

In response to the Somalia’s severe drought beginning in November 2021, DTM Somalia launched an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool first in Gedo and Bay regions in 2022, and subsequently in Hiraan, Banadir and Middle Shabelle regions in 2023 to monitor drought related displacement trends and ho


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Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Dataset — (since April, 2024)
2024-06-05

<p>This latest round of Emergency Trends Tracking was initiated in April 2024 to monitor displacements movements during the Gu rainy season. Districts covered in this round include Afgooye, Afmadow, Baardheere, Baidoa, Balcad, Belet Weyne, Gaalkacyo, Garoowe, Jamaame, Jowhar, Kismaayo, and…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — Emergency Trend Tracking Dataset — (since October, 2023)
2024-02-21

<p>In response to the Somalia’s severe drought beginning in November 2021, DTM Somalia launched an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool first in Gedo and Bay regions in 2022, and subsequently in Hiraan, Banadir and Middle Shabelle regions in 2023 to monitor drought related displacement trends…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — Baseline Assessment — Round 2
2024-01-31

<p>Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories.</p><p>As of January 2024, DTM Somalia has mapped around <strong>3,451,434 IDPs, 155,710 returnees…

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Gedo Region - R1 to R64 (Jan 2022 - May 2023)
2023-05-24

On the 23rd of November 2021, the Federal Government of Somalia declared a state of emergency due to drought. Early 2023, after five consecutive failed rainy seasons, most of the country is experiencing severe drought conditions. Based on previous and current drought induced displacement patterns,…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R33 (13 - 18 May 2023)
2023-05-18

ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises. The objective of ETT is to help prioritize humanitarian response and to enable partners to deliver rapid assistance. Based on previous drought induced displacement patterns, and the ones…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R20 - R32 (11 Feb - 17 May 2023)
2023-05-17

ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises. The objective of ETT is to help prioritize humanitarian response and to enable partners to deliver rapid assistance. Based on previous drought induced displacement patterns, and the ones…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R19 (04 - 10 Feb 2023)
2023-02-10

ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises. The objective of ETT is to help prioritize humanitarian response and to enable partners to deliver rapid assistance. Based on previous drought induced displacement patterns, and the ones…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R18 (29- 03 Feb 2023)
2023-02-03

ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises. The objective of ETT is to help prioritize humanitarian response and to enable partners to deliver rapid assistance. Based on previous drought induced displacement patterns, and the ones…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R17 (21 - 27 Jan 2023)
2023-01-27

ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises. The objective of ETT is to help prioritize humanitarian response and to enable partners to deliver rapid assistance. Based on previous drought induced displacement patterns, and the ones…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R15 (07 - 12 Jan 2023)
2023-01-12

ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises. The objective of ETT is to help prioritize humanitarian response and to enable partners to deliver rapid assistance. Based on previous drought induced displacement patterns, and the ones…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R14 (31 Dec 2022 - 05 Jan 2023)
2023-01-05

ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises. The objective of ETT is to help prioritize humanitarian response and to enable partners to deliver rapid assistance. Based on previous drought induced displacement patterns, and the ones…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R13 (24 - 30 Dec 2022)
2022-12-30

ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises. The objective of ETT is to help prioritize humanitarian response and to enable partners to deliver rapid assistance. Based on previous drought induced displacement patterns, and the ones…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R12 (17 - 22 Dec 2022)
2022-12-22

ETT is a crisis-based tool that tracks sudden displacement triggered by specific events or emerging crises. The objective of ETT is to help prioritize humanitarian response and to enable partners to deliver rapid assistance. Based on previous drought induced displacement patterns, and the ones…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R11 (10 - 15 Dec 2022)
2022-12-15

In early 2022, as the drought continued to worsen with displacement increasing in Somalia, DTM team started to pilot an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool in Gedo region to monitor displacement trends and hotspots in support of operational planning. In July 2022, four failed consecutive rainy…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R10 (03 - 08 Dec 2022)
2022-12-08

In early 2022, as the drought continued to worsen with displacement increasing in Somalia, DTM team started to pilot an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool in Gedo region to monitor displacement trends and hotspots in support of operational planning. In July 2022, four failed consecutive rainy…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R9 (27 Nov - 01 Dec 2022)
2022-12-01

In early 2022, as the drought continued to worsen with displacement increasing in Somalia, DTM team started to pilot an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool in Gedo region to monitor displacement trends and hotspots in support of operational planning. In July 2022, four failed consecutive rainy…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R8 (19 - 24 Nov 2022)
2022-11-24

In early 2022, as the drought continued to worsen with displacement increasing in Somalia, DTM team started to pilot an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool in Gedo region to monitor displacement trends and hotspots in support of operational planning. In July 2022, four failed consecutive rainy…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia — ETT (Drought) — Bay Region - R1 to R7 (17 Sep - 17 Nov 2022)
2022-11-17

In early 2022, as the drought continued to worsen with displacement increasing in Somalia, DTM team started to pilot an Emergency Trends Tracking (ETT) tool in Gedo region to monitor displacement trends and hotspots in support of operational planning. In July 2022, four failed consecutive rainy…

Mobility Tracking, Event Tracking
Somalia – Countrywide Baseline 2 dataset – Round 1 (Feb 2020 – Jan 2022)
2022-01-31

Between February 2020 and January 2022, IOM DTM implemented its first round of Baseline 2 exercise in Somalia. Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. This Baseline 2…

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Somalia - Baseline Assessment (B2) - Pilot Round 0
2020-05-31

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment

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Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Middle Shabelle Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Woqooyi Galbeed Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Togdheer Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Sool Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Sanaag Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Nugaal Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Mudug Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Lower Shabelle Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Lower Juba Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Hiraan Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Gedo Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Galgaduud Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Bay Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Bari Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Banadir Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Bakool Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.

Somalia – Baseline 2 Round 2 – IDP and Returnee Overview in Awdal Region

Baseline 2, an area-based assessment, is the second step of Mobility Tracking implemented at settlement level and aims to quantify presence of population categories. For the round 2, data collection occurred between February 2023 and January 2024.