IOM Bangladesh Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) tracks population numbers, movements and needs to inform the Rohingya humanitarian response in Cox Bazar. IOM Bangladesh Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) is part of IOM’s global Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programming. DTM is IOM’s information management system to track and monitor displacement and population mobility. It is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to provide a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of displaced populations, whether on site or en route. IOM Bangladesh NPM was first launched in Cox’s Bazar district, Bangladesh in early 2017 and has consistently been a key data provider in the Rohingya humanitarian response. Access the NPM Portal for the most recent products.

NPM successfully partners and cooperates with various sectors, such as the Site Management and Site Development Sector and Shelter sector, in addition to regular cooperation with the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG). Support is provided through technical mapping or specific data collection activities. In addition, NPM fosters the provision of evidence based, independent needs analysis to the response by hosting the Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS). REACH Initiative and NPM have collaborated on two Multi-Sectoral Needs assessments in host community areas in December 2018 and August 2019. NPM has also provided field and contextual expertise to Ground Truth Solutions and Translators without Borders. These partnerships serve to strengthen NPM as a key information provider of the response.

In 2018, IOM, with funding from the European Union, established the Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP) project, to strengthen the evidence-based formulation and implementation of humanitarian and development policy and programming on migration and forced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq and Pakistan. Under DTM REMAP, IOM Bangladesh conducts various activities in a variety of districts in Bangladesh including: i) Baseline Mobility Assessments (BMA) to inform on numbers and locations of Bangladeshi internal and international migrants; ii) Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM) to improve the understanding of the drivers of out-migration among Bangladeshi (potential) migrants; iii) Returnee Longitudinal Studies (RLS) to monitor the sustainability of return and needs and vulnerabilities of returnees; iv) Community Based Needs Assessments (CBNA) to inform on characteristics, needs and vulnerabilities of Bangladeshi migrants and their communities.

Since 2020, to better understand how the COVID-19 pandemic affects global mobility, IOM developed an online tool and database to register points of entry, exit and transit - such as airports and land and blue border crossing points - where mobility restrictions and preparedness and response measures are in place. To support these efforts, the DTM REMAP team in Bangladesh maps and gathers information on the locations, statuses and restrictions at Points of Entry (PoE) in the country.