The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Poland gathers and analyzes data to disseminate critical multi layered information on mobility, vulnerabilities, and needs of Ukranian refugees and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) to enable decision makers and humanitarian actors to provide these populations with better and targeted assistance.

With the start of the war in Ukraine and the large cross border flows, DTM started to collect data at the border areas and the biggest cities of Poland where the largest group of people were arriving in. DTM collects data on entries to Poland and intentions future travel intentions, cross border movements to Ukraine, needs of the affected populations, and also profiling of reception centers/collective shelters to fulfil the information needs in the response that are being voiced by partners.


DTM in Poland currently conducts four different regular assessments which are Site Assessment, Return to Ukraine Survey, Needs Assessment, and Poland Entry and Intentions Survey.

  • Site Monitoring: To locate and map sites where the refugees are staying, to identify the current occupancy of the shelters, the maximum capacity, the length of time that the Ukrainians present intend to remain as well as the priority needs of the refugees. These sites include transit points/reception centres and collective shelters.
  • Crossings to Ukraine Survey: To collect information on the date when they and/or their families fled Ukraine, where they were living in Poland or Europe, where they are intending to go back to Ukraine, how long they intend to stay in Ukraine, are they crossing the border by themselves or with members of the family and a breakdown of push/pull factors that have affected this movement decision.
  • Needs Assessment: To identify the main assistance and services needs of the refugees. This tool also explores Ukrainians’ and TCNs’ demographic profile, journey they took, current situation and location, future intentions, main information channels they use to receive information, their access to work and some other socio-economic opportunities, and indicators on accountability to the affected populations.
  • Poland Entry and Intentions Survey: to understand the intentions of those crossing the border from Ukraine to Poland.