Registration

Sudan — Registration and Flow Monitoring Quarterly Overview (July - September 2020)

From July to September 2020, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) conducted a total of 12,316 registrations in Sudan – 95 per cent of which were internally displaced persons (IDPs) and five per cent returnees from internal displacement. Ongoing conflict between deflected factions of the Sudan Liberation Army – Abdel Wahid (SLA-AW) led to violent clashes and the displacement of 8,846 IDPs – subsequently registered in Wasat Jabal Marrah, Central Darfur. DTM also registered 560 returnees in Wasat Jabal Marrah. Furthermore, secondary displacement of Sudanese returnees from South Sudan continued, with an additional 2,910 IDPs being registered in Kadugli, South Kordofan, since the previous report.

DTM conducted 98,751 registrations of flood-affected populations in North and South Darfur. Heavy rains across the country since mid-July caused widespread flooding, landslides, destruction of infrastructure, houses and livelihoods – leading to the declaration of a three-month State of Emergency on 4 September. Death and injury amongst affected populations was widely reported, in addition to the loss of livestock, contamination of essential water supplies and the high risk of spreading water-borne and vector-borne diseases.

Finally, DTM resumed its registrations of incoming South Sudanese into Sudan (680 individuals being registered) in Diffra, Abyei PCA Area – DTM’s flow monitoring point between South Sudan and Sudan. The border point re-opened in July after having been closed since March 2020 as a mitigation measure against the spread of COVID-19 throughout the region. 

Contact

DTM Sudan, DTMSudan@iom.int

West and Central Africa — Monthly Regional Update (September 2020)

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations. This document covers updates from the regional network of flow monitoring of migrants, as well as the tracking and monitoring of internal displacement in the countries. It is published on a monthly basis and covers the West and Central Africa Region.

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Chad — Emergency Tracking Tool Report — Profiles of displaced persons housed on the Tradex site following floods in N'Djamena (12 October 2020)

The objective of DTM’s (Displacement Tracking Matrix) Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) is to collect information on large and sudden population movements. Following floods which have been ongoing since the end of July 2020 in N’Djamena, more than 5,000 households were forced to flee their homes. They took refuge either elsewhere in their arrondissement, or in neighbouring arrondissements. In order to host the households who were left without shelter, Chadian authorities and the humanitarian community identified the Tradex site, located in the 9th arrondissement, where 98 households (562 individuals) are currently settled. 

The data presented in this report was collected through the registration of households, conducted on 12 October 2020 by IOM staff and the local authorities of the 9th arrondissement, in order to facilitate the provision of humanitarian assistance. This report aims to provide information on the demographic profiles of these displaced persons, as well as an overview of their needs. 

Contact

DTM Chad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Tchad — Suivi des Urgences — Profils des personnes installées sur le site Tradex suite aux inondations de N’Djamena (12 octobre 2020)

L’outil de suivi des urgences (ETT, Emergency Tracking Tool) de la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM, Displacement Tracking Matrix) a pour but de recueillir des informations sur les mouvements importants et soudains de populations. Suite à des inondations survenues depuis la fin du mois de juillet 2020 à N’Djamena, plus de 5 000 ménages ont été contraints de quitter leurs résidences. Ces personnes se sont réfugiées soit ailleurs au sein de leur arrondissement, soit dans des arrondissements voisins. Pour accueillir les personnes sans abri, les autorités et la communauté humanitaire ont identifié le site Tradex, situé dans le 9ème arrondissement, où ont été installés 98 ménages (562 individus). 

Les données présentées dans ce rapport ont été collectées à travers un enregistrement de ménages qui a été réalisé le 12 octobre 2020 par les équipes de l’OIM et les autorités de la mairie de la commune du 9ème arrondissement, afin de faciliter la distribution d’assistance humanitaire. Le présent rapport cherche à fournir des informations sur les profils démographiques de ces personnes déplacées, ainsi qu’un aperçu de leurs besoins. 

Contact

DTM Tchad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Middle East And North Africa — Monthly Regional Update (July - August 2020)

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations. This document covers updates from the regional network of flow monitoring of migrants, as well as the tracking and monitoring of internal displacement in the countries. It is published on a monthly basis and covers the Middle East and North Africa Region.

 

Contact

DTM RO MENA, dtmromena@iom.int

Middle East And North Africa — Monthly Regional Update (July - August 2020)

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations. This document covers updates from the regional network of flow monitoring of migrants, as well as the tracking and monitoring of internal displacement in the countries. It is published on a monthly basis and covers the Middle East and North Africa Region.

 

Contact

DTM RO MENA, dtmromena@iom.int

East And Horn of Africa — A Region on the Move – Mid-year Mobility Overview (January to June 2020)

This mid-year edition of A Region on the Move is marked by the unprecedented restrictions on global mobility caused by the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Since it was initially reported on 31 December 2019, this disease has spread rapidly across the globe, leading the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare it a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Beyond the tragic impact that COVID-19 has generated across countries, the pandemic has urged governments to issue multiple restrictive measures impacting movements, including different types of closure of Points of Entry (PoEs), requirements for additional documentation, compulsory quarantine or medical screening procedures, up to nation-wide and/or localized lockdowns. Nonetheless, the global mobility context amidst the COVID-19 pandemic remains highly fluid, as governments and authorities continue to issue new mobility restrictions and policy changes.

This edition has also brought in a number of important enhancements, in view of the fact that the quantity of data sources directly managed by IOM, the quality of the findings and their variety have drastically increased since 2017. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) constitutes the main methodology used to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, as it maps internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnee stocks, migration flows and the characteristics of the population on the move.2 Building on three years of continuous observations and analyses, DTM is now the largest data source of migration flows across the main corridors in the region. Further migrant data is collected by IOM through modules targeting specific sub-groups of this population at different stages of their migration journey.

On top of this, and in order to inform effective migration management and evidence-based, strategic and policy-level discussion, multiple research efforts have been launched along the key migration routes in the region, in particular along the Eastern and Southern Routes, since 2019. Findings of these studies are integrated in the ‘Regional Mixed Migration Trends’ section to explore in more depth the drivers of migration and the profiles of migrants along these routes, as well as the nexus between decision-making, migrant expectations, risk perception and experienced realities. This analysis also uses external sources to further complement the mobility picture and provide a holistic understanding of such population movement dynamics. At the regional level, a Regional Data Hub (RDH) was established to enhance coordination, lead regional research efforts, harmonize the different data sources and foster a multi-layered analysis of regional migration data.

Contact

DTM Regional Office Nairobi, DTMRONairobi@iom.int

West and Central Africa — Monthly Regional Update (August 2020)

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations. This document covers updates from the regional network of flow monitoring of migrants, as well as the tracking and monitoring of internal displacement in the countries. It is published on a monthly basis and covers the West and Central Africa Region.

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

South Sudan — Pibor UNMISS AA Site Flow Monitoring Summary (7—18 August 2020)

The first half of 2020 was marked by an escalation in sub-national and localized violence throughout the country and Jonglei State and the Greater Pibor Administrative Area (GPAA) have been major hotspots for such violence. Since early 2020, there has been renewed displacement, attacks on humanitarian supplies and personnel and civilian abuses in central and southern parts of Jonglei, as well as lowland Pibor. Following the large-scale attack on Pieri in Uror County on 16 May 2020, groups of armed youth launched an assault on key areas around Pibor, which was met by a series of counter attacks throughout June. Violence continued into July and August, with tensions spilling over into neighbouring parts of the country.

In June 2020, President Salva Kiir established a high-level committee to address conflict, but mistrust between groups remains high, due in part to the persistence of unaddressed grievances connected to the long history of violence in the area.
Although attacking groups have largely retreated to their communities, the impacts of the conflict in the first half of the year continue to be deeply felt by local populations. According to PLAN International and the NNGO, CIDO a total of 33,668 Individuals (11,443 households) were registered in early August 2020 at the UNMISS Adjacent Area (AA) and several spontaneous displacement sites throughout Pibor Town. Nearly all households are reported to have returned to Lekuangole and Gumruk by the end of the same month. UNMISS Pibor AA housed 403 individuals according to a DTM headcount conducted on 7 August 2020. Access constraints rendered assessments beyond Pibor Town challenging, limiting available data to the town.
The humanitarian response has been disrupted, further eroding people’s ability to meet their basic needs, which has been compounded by the destruction of civilian property and livelihoods and loss of livestock during recurrent fighting, as well as flooding. While heavy rain could temper the possibility of further violence, the potential for additional violent incidents in Jonglei State and the GPAA, still exists.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

East And Horn of Africa — Monthly Regional Snapshot (July 2020)

As of July 2020, DTM in the region tracked 6.3M Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and 2.9M Returnees, as reported during the latest round of DTM assessments for each country, or through secondary data sources. The figures of IDPs and returnees for Ethiopia are as of Round 21 (Feb 2020), and the figures for South Sudan are as of Round 8 (Mar 2020). The IDP figure for Burundi is as of Round 53 (June 2020). Displacement figures for Kenya and Uganda were reported as of December 2019. While DTM coverage is being expanded in Somalia, the IDP figure indicated on this map is the most up-to-date data available shared by the Information Management Working Group - Technical Working Group (IMWG-TWG) and endorsed by the National Commission for Refugees and IDPs (NCRI) in Somalia, as of February 2018.

There was a 26% decrease in overall movements in July as compared to June; the overall movements, however, represented a decrease of 71% as compared to July of 2019. The movements continue to be impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak. Arrivals to Yemen also decreased by 43%, as compared to June, and 94% as compared to July 2019. A significant proportion of movements tracked in July consisted of stranded migrants, or movements within the country (9%). A total of 504 migration movements were tracked along entry locations into Djibouti, which is much higher than the 15 tracked in June as borders opened in the latter half of the month. An additional 4,846 movements, all Ethiopians, were tracked at FMPs along the border into Somalia, travelling eastward. 579 migrant arrivals from Djibouti (257) and Somalia (322) were tracked in Yemen during this month; this represents a 43% decrease from June 2020.

 

Contact

DTM Regional Office Nairobi, DTMRONairobi@iom.int