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Nigeria — Transhumance Tracking Tool Report — Early Warning Dashboard 4 (April 2022)

In recent years, competing claims to natural resources have grown with reports of violent clashes between farmers and herders communities in Adamawa state of Nigeria. The TTT Early Warning monitors transhumant movements and identifies the pattern of alerts that are related to the use of natural resources between farmers and herders. The TTT data collection engages a network of selected Key informants from the Community Response Network (CRN) and LGA-based team leads.

During the month of April 2022, the TTT Early Warning tool captured 285 alerts. The triangulated alerts include 257 (90%) events and 28 (10%) massive/late movements. The recent event alerts were compounded by the rise in the incidences of the burning of farmlands after harvest to create a scarcity of pasture for grazing as well as to discourage the herders grazing on farmland, potentially leading to conflict in the LGAs such as Demsa.

The event alerts spread across 73 per cent of the wards in the 5 operational LGAs. The percentages of the event alerts in each LGAs are Demsa (35%), Numan (24%), Lamurde (18%), Girei (9%), and Mayo-Belwa (5%). For instance, in Lamurde and Numan LGAs, there are reported cases of crop destruction and underage-herders grazing respectively. It is also reported that 9 per cent of the events resulted in casualties or injuries, while less than one per cent of events led to displacements of populations. The highest number of casualties or injuries are reported from Girei followed by Demsa and Lamurde LGAs.

The early warning data indicated some localities where the potential event could occur. As shown on the map, Demsa, Fufore, Jada, Ganye, Hong, Mayo-Belwa, Numan, Toungo, and Yola South LGAs are the potential risk areas in relation to late and massive movements. In Mayo-Belwa LGA more movement alerts were reported than other operational LGAs, mainly because Mayo-Belwa is traversed by the major North-south axis transhumance corridor. In addition, transhumant groups use the Gongoshi grazing reserve as a resting point on their way to and from Toungo LGA where they stay during dry season grazing.

The reported alerts were in many cases, identified, discussed, and on many instances intervened upon during the Community Response Network (CRN), Community Security Architecture Dialogue (CSAD), and Peace Architecture Dialogue (PAD) meetings in order to diffuse escalating tensions and conflicts in the affected

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Pakistan - Snapshot of Remittance Inflows to Pakistan during COVID-19

Remittances sent by millions of Pakistani migrants worldwide have supported the country’s economy by improving livelihoods and easing the pressure at times of economic crisis, such as energy crises, food insecurity and higher foreign debt repayments (Ahmed, 2021). Remittances are the second largest source of foreign exchange in the country, making Pakistani emigrants crucial actors in the balance of the payment deficit (Khan et al., 2021). The country is among the top recipients of remittances globally (World Bank, 2021). Recent studies showed that remittance inflows to Pakistan proved resilient during the COVID-19 pandemic, defying all predictions (IOM, 2021).

Contact

dtmremapsupport@iom.int, isbdtmremapteam@iom.int

Methdology

Other

DTM Sudan - Socio-Economic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 on Migrants in Eastern Sudan: Summary of Findings

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and associated containment measures have impacted numerous dimensions of the lives of migrants, including their health, education, livelihoods and economic security, social cohesion and mobility. As part of the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) efforts to draw attention to the adverse consequences of the pandemic for migrants in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, this study focuses on international migrants (mainly from Ethiopia and Eritrea) living in Kassala and Gedaref states in Sudan. To differentiate between various forms of mobility between countries of origin and Sudan, this report disaggregates the impact of the pandemic across three categories of migrants:

  1. Long-term migrants in Sudan;
  2. Migrants in transit who seek to settle in a third country other than Sudan; and
  3. Seasonal migrant workers¦ whose stay in Sudan is temporary and who migrate between Sudan and their country of origin regularly.

The study primarily examines the socioeconomic outcomes of migrants living in Kassala and Gedaref states, regardless of their reason for coming to Sudan. The research team conducted qualitative interviews with 30 key informants and collected quantitative information from 937 respondents using a household survey. The questions posed to key informants and migrants considered the multidimensional consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic along six pillars, as adapted from the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Group’s (UNSDG) framework for evaluating the immediate socioeconomic impact of the health emergency:

  • Health;
  • Protection and access to basic services;
  • Economic response and recovery;
  • Macroeconomic response and multilateral collaboration;
  • Social cohesion and community resilience;
  • Mobility (2020).

 

 

Contact

DTM Sudan; dtmsudan@iom.int

DTM Sudan - Socio-Economic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 on Migrants in Eastern Sudan: Summary of Findings

This policy brief summarizes key findings from a 2022 report by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on the socioeconomic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on migrants in Gedaraf and Kassala states in eastern Sudan.  In line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Group’s framework for evaluating the immediate socioeconomic impact of the health emergency,  the report analyses the effects of the pandemic along six pillars:  

1. Health first - Protecting Health Services and Systems during the crisis,

2. Protecting People: Social Protection and Basic Services,

3. Economic Response and Recovery,

4. Macroeconomic Response and Multilateral Collaboration,

5. Social Cohesion and Community Resilience and

6. Mobility. 

 

Contact

DTM Sudan, DTMSudan@iom.int

DTM (COVID-19) Global Mobility Restrictions Overview - 9 May 2022

The DTM Global Mobility Restrictions Overview provides updates on international air travel restrictions and conditions for authorized entry. This overview aims to understand how COVID-19 has impacted human mobility, detailing how global and regional trends in air travel measures have evolved since COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic in March 2020. The data presented focuses on the changes in public health-related immigration and border management measures. It provides information intended to support IOM missions and partners in targeted response planning and advocacy for vulnerable populations who may be affected by changes in global mobility.

Contact

DTMcovid19@iom.int

Methdology

Other

Lebanon — Multi-Sector Needs of Migrants in Lebanon (May 2022)

Socioeconomic conditions in Lebanon have deteriorated dramatically, creating severe economic hardship across the country. State bankruptcy since 2019 has led to crippling inflation, widespread unemployment, and currency collapse, which together have triggered a sharp rise in the cost of living, and left thousands of households unable to meet their basic needs. The country’s economic collapse was exacerbated by COVID-19 and the suspension of work that followed, disrupting thousands of livelihoods, particularly for those earning daily wages. In Beirut, the devastating Port Explosions in August 2020 were another severe blow to peoples’ welfare, destroying houses, healthcare facilities, and businesses.

 

This MSNA 2021 exercise collected data on access to services, needs and vulnerabilities among Lebanese nationals, Palestine Refugees in Lebanon (PRL) and migrants. This report aims to complement findings from the 2020 MSNA in Beirut by providing an insight into how countrywide, migrants’ needs and vulnerabilities have evolved amid continuing economic decline. It presents data specifically related to migrants, including demographic profiles and in-depth multi-sector analysis of the challenges migrants face in accessing healthcare, livelihood opportunities and protection services. Findings also provide data on additional needs and vulnerabilities related to shelter, food security, and WASH. Overall, the report aims to reinforce baseline knowledge regarding migrant needs in Lebanon.

Contact

iombeirut@iom.int

West and Central Africa — Assistance to Voluntary and Humanitarian Return (2017—2021)

This document presents an analysis of interviews conducted with all individuals assisted in their voluntary return by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) between 2017 and 2021 (130,424) to one of the 23 countries covered by the West and Central Africa region (WCA). The analysis combines datasets from both Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) and Voluntary Humanitarian returns (VHR).

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

DTM (COVID-19) Global Mobility Restrictions Overview - 2 May 2022

The DTM Global Mobility Restrictions Overview provides updates on international air travel restrictions and conditions for authorized entry. This overview aims to understand how COVID-19 has impacted human mobility, detailing how global and regional trends in air travel measures have evolved since COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic in March 2020. The data presented focuses on the changes in public health-related immigration and border management measures. It provides information intended to support IOM missions and partners in targeted response planning and advocacy for vulnerable populations who may be affected by changes in global mobility.

Contact

DTMcovid19@iom.int

Methdology

Other

DTM (COVID-19) Global Mobility Restrictions Overview - 25 April 2022

The DTM Global Mobility Restrictions Overview provides updates on international air travel restrictions and conditions for authorized entry. This overview aims to understand how COVID-19 has impacted human mobility, detailing how global and regional trends in air travel measures have evolved since COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic in March 2020. The data presented focuses on the changes in public health-related immigration and border management measures. It provides information intended to support IOM missions and partners in targeted response planning and advocacy for vulnerable populations who may be affected by changes in global mobility.

Contact

DTMcovid19@iom.int

Methdology

Other

Northern Mozambique Crisis — Flash Report 4 — Returns in Muidumbe district (06 -19 April 2022)

From 6 to 19 of April DTM teams in Muidumbe district have recorded a significant number of individuals returning to their places of origin. An estimated 8,697 individuals have returned in the localities of Mapate, Muambula, Muatide and Namacande. Reported returnees are moving spontaneously by bus. Reports indicate that all assessed individuals were displaced more than once prior to present return movement.

Contact

DTM Mozambique, DTMMozambique@iom.int