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RDC – Fact sheet: Activités réalisées par la DTM 2022

La République démocratique du Congo (RDC) est confrontée à l’une des plus importantes, complexes et longues crises humanitaires au monde. Marquée par des déplacements massifs, des besoins critiques en services sociaux et de graves violations des droits humains, cette crise est le résultat de conflits armés et inter-ethniques persistants, d’épidémies et de catastrophes naturelles. La menace constante de violence et la détérioration de la situation sécuritaire exacerbent la situation humanitaire. En particulier, dans les provinces de l'est, la résurgence des conflits armés et des violences intercommunautaires, freinent l’accès et la délivrance de services humanitaires alors que les besoins restent extrêmement élevés. Cette situation ne tend pas à s’apaiser, en outre, les élections prévues en 2023 pourraient déclencher de nouveaux conflits. La matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM) estime à 5,2 millions, le nombre de personnes déplacées d'ici la fin de l’année 2022. Pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires en temps opportun et fournir une assistance ciblée et adaptée au contexte, les acteurs humanitaires ont besoin d’informations sur les récents mouvements de populations, leurs emplacements et le profil de la population. Les interventions de la matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM) sont conçues pour saisir, traiter et diffuser régulièrement et systématiquement les informations afin de permettre aux décideurs de mieux comprendre les tendances migratoires, les besoins évolutifs des populations déplacées et faciliter la prise de décision. Au-delà du contexte d'urgence, la DTM, à l'ère du Triple Nexus, soutient un éventail d’acteurs intervenants dans les domaines de la prévention, du relèvement et du développement. La DTM fournie à ces acteurs une base de référence fiable, des évaluations thématiques ciblées et des enquêtes. Au cours de l'année 2022, la DTM, grâce à ses partenaires et donateurs, a pu fournir des informations clés, détaillées et actualisées sur les caractéristiques et les besoins des populations affectées par les crises multidimensionnelles par le biais d'évaluations rapides, d'opérations d’enregistrement, de suivi de la mobilité et des flux et d'enquêtes. En 2023, l'OIM vise à renforcer et optimiser ses actions afin de positionner la DTM comme l'outil de référence pour évaluer les mouvements de population en RDC. Ainsi, les différentes controverses autour des chiffres de déplacement qui persistent depuis 2014, pourront être levées.

Contact

DTM DRC, iomdrcdtm@iom.int

DTM (COVID-19) Global Mobility Restrictions Overview: March 2020 - January 2023

The DTM Global Mobility Restrictions Overview began documenting how international air travel restrictions and conditions for authorized entry evolved as of March 2020 when COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic. Using IATA Timatic Coronavirus Outbreak Updates, DTM has documented how each country, territory or area (C/T/A) changed its entry restrictions in line with public health-related immigration and border management measures. Data was collected from 229 C/T/As (Arrival C/T/A) showing the different types of travel measures and accompanying exceptions placed on a total of 247 C/T/As (Restricted CTAs). As the situation evolved, DTM data collection showed emerging trends in the post COVID-19 mobility restrictions and conditions for entry. The Global Mobility Restrictions Overview has provided information intended to support IOM missions and partners in targeted response planning and advocacy for vulnerable populations who may have been affected by changes in global mobility. Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, C/T/As responded to rising infection rates with a series of measures restricting global mobility.

These ranged from entry restrictions (passenger bans on travellers arriving from specific C/T/As and flight suspensions) to a series of conditions for authorized entry which individual passengers had to meet in order to enter a C/T/A by air travel. These conditions included medical measures (COVID-19 test and/or vaccination certificates, quarantine and other health-related requirements) as well as changes to visa/other documentation requirements and passenger registration and tracking tools monitoring arrivals after entry. Data was also collected on the accompanying exceptions that made certain groups of individuals exempt from travel measures (for example, nationals and residents or children under 18 years old). Most recently, since April 2022, entry restrictions and conditions for authorized entry have gradually been lifted and air travel has become less restricted.

Throughout the development of the COVID-19 pandemic, governments have had varying responses to the virus spread either through trying to contain it, delay its arrival or minimize the number of infections overall (MPI, 2022). As restrictive travel measures due to COVID-19 have progressively declined globally, DTM is ending its data collection on COVID-19 mobility impacts. This final report details the most significant events and the regional and global trends on the issuing of entry restrictions, conditions for authorized entry and the respective exception groups that shaped COVID-19’s impact on global mobility.

Contact

DTMcovid19@iom.int

Methdology

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Pakistan - Pakistani Nationals' Arrivals and Transits in Europe (2017-2021)

This snapshot summarizes available data on Pakistani arrivals and transits in Europe between 2017 and 2021. The first page visualizes the number of Pakistani nationals who arrived in the European Union by land and sea. The second and third pages present the number of Pakistani nationals who transited through the Western Balkan and Eastern European region. The data on arrivals and transits is made available by national authorities and then gathered by IOM DTM Europe. The snapshot is part of the outputs of the EU-funded Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) project “Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy” (REMAP). The objective of DTM REMAP is to strengthen the evidence-based formulation and implementation of humanitarian and development policy and programming on migration and forced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq and Pakistan.

Contact

DTM Pakistan, iomisbdtmremapteam@iom.int

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Regional Snapshot: The Middle East & North Africa - Quarterly Report (July– September 2022)

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) provides primary data and information on internal displacement and population movements – incountry and at regional and global levels. DTM’s work worldwide informs humanitarian, recovery, transition and development interventions by providing timely data and analysis to relevant actors including governments, United Nations partner agencies, donors and other stakeholders. DTM operates in contexts where conflict, natural disasters and complex emergency settings can cause short-term or protracted displacement, as well as in mixed migration contexts. In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, there were 15.7 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in 2021. This figure constitutes 26 per cent of the global population of IDPs, making MENA the region with the second highest concentration of IDPs worldwide (following the sub-Saharan Africa region). Most displacement in the MENA region (81%) has been triggered by armed conflict, in particular in Iraq, Libya, Syria and Yemen.

Contact

rocairodatahub@iom.int

Sierra Leone — Socio-Economic Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Travellers, Migrants and Cross-border Communities in Kailahun, Pujehun, and Falaba Districts (16—25 December 2021)

This study explored various cross border phenomena with the objective to understand how the emergence of COVID-19 impacted the cross-border chiefdom communities of Kailahun, Pujehun and Falaba

A quantitative and qualitative methodological approach was employed to carry out this survey. Data collection was carried out in twelve chiefdoms across the three districts, and four chiefdoms per district. The survey targeted cross-border residents and migrants through focus group discussions, direct observation and key informants interviews focusing on local leaders, representative of migrants associations, and local business owners. The mixed methods employed in methodological approaches helped in carefully detailing the different types of consequences of covid-19 on the cross-border communitites. 

Like in many other countries affected by COVID-19, this study confirmed that most official points of entry (PoEs) were closed during the border closure proclamation approved by the government (March to July 2020). The regulations instituted by the government severely restricted movements and local by-laws in the various communities became an integral component to the COVID-19 mitigation strategies.

A key factor central to this study was the socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19: the study noted that community inhabitants, including host communities and migrant residents, faced intense socioeconomic disruptions and for many, recovery from it has been slow and partial. Additionally, COVID-19 increased security and protection concerns around vulnerable inhabitants.

The study collected information on both official and unofficial points of entry, and confirmed that mobility inflows and outflows from Sierra Leone to Liberia and from Sierra Leone and Guinea following the re-opening of borders is high. While the occurrence of regular and orderly cross-border movements is vital for peace and stability in communities from the three countries, the presence of a weak border management system and functional infrastructure, as well as appropriate covid-19 management measures could remain challenging to border communities.  As a way of mitigating these challenges, a couple of recommendations were highlighted. (1) Increase donor engagement: the three districts, Kailahun, Pujehun and Falaba, lack substantial socioeconomic livelihood supports. One way these locations could overcome the pains imposed by COVID-19 is for an increase donor concentration in these locations with socio-economic livelihood supports. This support needs to be tailored towards trade and agriculture in particular, as they are the major occupation for majority of the inhabitants. This would contribute in easing the extreme livelihood challenges imposed therein by COVID-19. (2) Increase funding for border infrastructure and management: As it is presently, there is a need for a support with new physical border infrastructure (border post) at points of entry in these districts. This would contribute towards cross-border security and substantial control of disease emanating from neighboring countries.

Contact

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Nigeria — Flood Rapid Needs Assessment Dashboard — Katsina State (24 November 2022)

The rainy season in Nigeria typically occurs annually with the greatest concentration of precipitation between the months of June and September. Many states in Nigeria have been affected by unprecedented heavy rainfalls and floods have devastated various communities. Infrastructure, crops, and shelters have been damaged which led to decimated livelihoods and the displacement of numerous households. Over the past months, climate variability and the release of excess water from the Lagdo dam in northern Cameroon, have worsened the flood situation and has resulted in a renewed situation of widespread displacement across Nigeria.

Between 28 October and 1 November 2022, DTM, in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the Katsina State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) and the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NCRS) identified 204 locations in Katsina State that were affected by the floods and/or received IDPs that are currently displaced as a result of the floods. Through a network of 201 key informants and field focal points, and in close coordination with other humanitarian partners and local authorities on the ground, DTM conducted assessments in these locations to inform the humanitarian community of the main needs, vulnerabilities and mobility intentions of the affected population.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Methdology

Other Event Tracking

Nigeria — Flood Rapid Needs Assessment Dashboard — Bauchi State (28 November 2022)

The rainy season in Nigeria typically occurs annually with the greatest concentration of precipitation between the months of June and September. Many states in Nigeria have been affected by unprecedented heavy rainfalls and floods have devastated various communities. Infrastructure, crops, and shelters have been damaged which led to decimated livelihoods and the displacement of numerous households. Over the past months, climate variability and the release of excess water from the Lagdo dam in northern Cameroon, have worsened the flood situation and has resulted in a renewed situation of widespread displacement across Nigeria.

Between 28 October and 1 November 2022, DTM, in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the Bauchi State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) and the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NCRS) identified 131 locations in Bauchi State that were affected by the floods and/or received IDPs that were displaced as a result of the floods. Through a network of 106 key informants and field focal points, and in close coordination with other humanitarian partners and local authorities on the ground, DTM conducted assessments in these locations to inform the humanitarian community of the main needs, vulnerabilities and mobility intentions of the affected population.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Methdology

Other Event Tracking

Nigeria — Flood Rapid Needs Assessment Dashboard — Kano State (18 November 2022)

The rainy season in Nigeria typically occurs annually with the greatest concentration of precipitation between the months of June and September. Many states in Nigeria have been affected by unprecedented heavy rainfalls and floods have devastated various communities. Infrastructure, crops, and shelters have been damaged which led to decimated livelihoods and the displacement of numerous households. Over the past months, climate variability and the release of excess water from the Lagdo dam in northern Cameroon, have worsened the flood situation and has resulted in a renewed situation of widespread displacement across Nigeria.
Between 28 October and 1 November 2022, DTM, in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the Kano State Emergency Management Agency (KNSEMA) and the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NCRS) identified 100 locations in 18 LGAs in Kano State that were affected by the floods and/or received IDPs that are currently displaced as a result of the floods. Through a network of 34 key informants and field focal points, and in close coordination with other humanitarian partners and local authorities on the ground, DTM conducted assessments in these locations to inform the humanitarian community of the main needs, vulnerabilities and mobility intentions of the affected population.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Methdology

Other Event Tracking

Nigeria — Flood Rapid Needs Assessment Dashboard — Kaduna State (28 November 2022)

The rainy season in Nigeria typically occurs annually with the greatest concentration of precipitation between the months of June and September. Many states in Nigeria have been affected by unprecedented heavy rainfalls and floods have devastated various communities. Infrastructure, crops, and shelters have been damaged which led to decimated livelihoods and the displacement of numerous households. Over the past months, climate variability and the release of excess water from the overflow of river Kaduna, have worsened the flood situation and has resulted in a renewed situation of widespread displacement across Nigeria.
Between 28 October and 1 November 2022, DTM, in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the Kaduna State Emergency Management Agency (KNSEMA) and the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NCRS) identified 57 locations in 14 LGAs in Kaduna State that were affected by the floods and/or received IDPs that are currently displaced as a result of the floods. Through a network of 45 key informants and field focal points, and in close coordination with other humanitarian partners and local authorities on the ground, DTM conducted assessments in these locations to inform the humanitarian community of the main needs, vulnerabilities and mobility intentions of the affected population.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Methdology

Other Event Tracking

Nigeria — Flood Rapid Needs Assessment Dashboard — Plateau State (25 November 2022)

The rainy season in Nigeria typically occurs annually with the greatest concentration of precipitation between the months of June and September. Many states in Nigeria have been affected by unprecedented heavy rainfalls and floods have devastated various communities. Infrastructure, crops, and shelters have been damaged which led to decimated livelihoods and the displacement of numerous households.
Between 28 October and 1 November 2022, DTM, in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the Plateau State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) and the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NCRS) identified 42 locations in Plateau State that were affected by the floods and/or received IDPs that are currently displaced as a result of the floods. Through a network of 39 key informants and field focal points, and in close coordination with other humanitarian partners and local authorities on the ground, DTM conducted assessments in these locations to inform the humanitarian community of the main needs, vulnerabilities and mobility intentions of the affected population.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Methdology

Other Event Tracking