Flow Monitoring

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Domain host
migration.iom.int
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DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int
Language
English
Location
North Macedonia
Period Covered
Aug 06 2023
Mar 08 2024
Activity
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring Survey
  • Flow Monitoring

This report presents the results of the fourth round of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) implemented in North Macedonia. The data was collected from 26 June to 31 August 2023, in three flow monitoring points. IOM interviewed a total of 183 individual respondents.
FMS provide a snapshot of the profiles, experiences and needs of migrants transiting through North Macedonia. The survey asks questions on demographics, education and employment backgrounds, the circumstances of the migration journey and migration factors, as well as future intentions.

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Contact
IOMASTANA@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Kazakhstan
Period Covered
Jan 01 2024
Mar 31 2024
Activity
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Baseline Assessment

The quarterly report is developed by combining secondary data obtained from different sources, including government agencies, international organizations, non-profit entities, and other types of organizations. More specifically, the report for the first quarter of 2024 was derived from data from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Bureau of National Statistics, and Border Service of Kazakhstan. The data was compiled through a combination of published sources and direct requests to the partners and government agencies.

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DTM Ethiopia, DTMEthiopia@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Ethiopia
Period Covered
Mar 01 2024
Mar 31 2024
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring

In March 2024, a total of 43,252 movements were observed across the six flow monitoring points (FMPs) in Ethiopia. This represents an 11.5% increase in daily average movements in comparison with February 2024 when an average of 1,251 movements per day were observed.

The ratio between outgoing movements (52% or 22,490 individuals) during March and incoming movements (48% or 20,762 individuals) slightly changed. This is due to an increase in returns from Kenya. In February 2024, 4,689 incoming individuals were registered traveling from Kenya, whereas 10,961 incoming individuals from Kenya were observed in March. Historically, recorded outflows have been higher than inflows as seen in the figure below. However, in May and June 2023, due to the outbreak of the Sudan crisis, inflows exceeded outflows.

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DTM Türkiye, mpmturkey@iom.int
Language
English
Period Covered
Jan 01 2023
Dec 31 2023
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring
  • Migrants presence

According to the latest figures from the Turkish Presidency of Migration Management (PMM), there are more than 4.6 million foreigners in Türkiye, of whom 3.5 million are seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians (3,214,780 individuals: 3,150,899 urban caseload and 63,881 residing in camps) who have been granted temporary protection status. There is an increase of 16,356 individuals in the number of Syrian nationals staying in camps in comparison to last year's figures.
According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), there were 296,685 refugees and asylum-seekers in Türkiye as of mid of 2023.

In addition, 1,107,032 foreigners present in Türkiye holding residency permits including short-term residence permit, family residence permit, student residence permit, longterm residence permit, humanitarian residence permit and residence permit for victims of human trafficking.

According to PMM, 254,008 migrants in an irregular situation of different nationalities were apprehended in Türkiye in 2023.4 Please see Page 4 for more details.

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Contact
DTMAfghanistan@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Afghanistan
Period Covered
Jun 02 2024
Jun 08 2024
Activity
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring Survey
  • Flow Monitoring

The IOM Afghanistan’s DTM Flow Monitoring activity is designed to provide insights into the mobility patterns at Afghanistan’s border points with the Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan. The activity involves two interlinked exercises: the Flow Monitoring Counting (FMC), a headcount of individuals crossing the border, and the Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS), which collect data on the profiles and intentions of randomly selected Afghan nationals. DTM FM is operational at four main crossing points (connected to Afghanistan’s National Highway) as well as three other crossing points with Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan. This weekly snapshot combines information from the FM activity and various IOM sources related to cross-border movement. For a detailed explanation of the methodology used in gathering this data, the report directs readers to the section titled “IOM INFLOW DATA” on the last page.
 

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DTM Iraq, IraqDTM@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Iraq
Period Covered
Dec 01 2023
Feb 29 2024
Activity
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring Survey
  • Flow Monitoring

The Cross-Border Monitoring Report: Protection Risks and Concerns Among Travellers Crossing for Work data on labour-related protection risks among travellers passing through border crossing points monitored by IOM.

The main types of employment for incoming travellers were services, hospitality, and sales (29%); along with factory work (24%); Trained manual worker (15%) and unskilled manual labour (13%). For outgoing travellers, the main types of work were trained manual labour (36%); factory work (18%); Services, hospitality and sales workers (13%) and unskilled manual labour (6%).

The top protection concerns faced by these travellers were the provision of false information by employers regarding the nature of the work and working without receiving the expected payment.

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DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Period Covered
Jan 01 2023
Dec 31 2023
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring

UNHCR and IOM Joint Annual Overview 2023

In 2023, an estimated 212,100 attempts were reported by migrants and refugees to cross the Central Mediterranean Sea from Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia to Europe. This was a 33% increase compared to known departures in 2022.

Of those who attempted to depart in 2023, 71% (151,500) were disembarked in Europe, while 29% (60,600) were rescued or intercepted and disembarked in North Africa (21% in Tunisia, 8% in Libya).

In 2022, more than 2,4005 migrants and refugees are known to have lost their lives or gone missing at sea while attempting to cross to Europe along the three Mediterranean routes (Eastern, Central and Western Mediterranean), an increase of 17% compared to some 2,050 deaths recorded in 2021. Most of those deaths in 2022 (59%) took place on the Central Mediterranean Route.

 

In 2023, more than 3,105 migrants and refugees are known to have lost their lives or gone missing at sea while attempting to cross to Europe along the three Mediterranean routes (eastern, central and western Mediterranean), an increase compared to more than 2,500 deaths recorded in 2022. 61% of the deaths in 2023 took place on the central Mediterranean Sea. According to IOM’s Missing Migrants Project, more than 700 deaths occurred off the coast of Tunisia, more than 680 off Libya and more than 460 off Italian shores. The increasing number and proportion of deaths off the coast of Tunisia is unprecedented in the last 10 years. Notably, more than 1,9008 deaths in the central Mediterranean Sea in 2023 were linked to mass shipwrecks involving the loss of more than 20 lives at sea. However, the real number of dead and missing along these routes is believed to be higher as many incidents go unreported or undetected.

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Contact
RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Period Covered
Jan 01 2024
Mar 31 2024
Activity
  • Other
  • Flow Monitoring

Irregular migration is a complex, dynamic and fragmented phenomenon, and remains difficult to fully picture. Strengthening the understanding of migration routes, trends as well as migrant profiles is critical to protect migrants and support evidence-based policies. The International Organization for Migration's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and Missing Migrants Project (MMP) collect data on the departures, arrivals, deaths and disappearances of migrants along migratory routes.

This document presents the resumption of migration from the coasts of West Africa to the Canary Islands (Spain). This route, already active in 2006, saw an increasing number of movements in 2023, and in the first months of 2024 there were considerable increases compared to the previous year. The risks, deaths and disappearances following shipwrecks are also on the rise along the Atlantic coasts. Between January and March 2024, 13,115 migrants reached the Canary Islands irregularly after crossing by boat from the coasts of West Africa, an increase of 502 per cent compared to 2023 (2,178 migrants).
 

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Contact
DTMAfghanistan@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Afghanistan
Period Covered
May 26 2024
Jun 01 2024
Activity
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring Survey
  • Flow Monitoring

The IOM Afghanistan’s DTM Flow Monitoring activity is designed to provide insights into the mobility patterns at Afghanistan’s border points with the Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan. The activity involves two interlinked exercises: the Flow Monitoring Counting (FMC), a headcount of individuals crossing the border, and the Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS), which collect data on the profiles and intentions of randomly selected Afghan nationals. DTM FM is operational at four main crossing points (connected to Afghanistan’s National Highway) as well as three other crossing points with Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan. This weekly snapshot combines information from the FM activity and various IOM sources related to cross-border movement. For a detailed explanation of the methodology used in gathering this data, the report directs readers to the section titled “IOM INFLOW DATA” on the last page.
 

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Contact
DTM Regional Office Nairobi, DTMRONairobi@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Period Covered
Jan 01 2023
Dec 31 2023
Activity
  • Other
  • Survey
  • Registration
  • Flow Monitoring
  • Mobility Tracking

As of December 2023, the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the East and Horn of Africa was active in seven countries (Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Uganda), and its methodology includes four main components (mobility tracking, flow monitoring, registrations and surveys).

Mobility tracking activities were conducted in Burundi (with periodic internal displacement and emergency monitoring dashboards), Ethiopia, (Round 17 of the national displacement report), Kenya (with assessments in Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, Samburu and Turkana), Somalia (2023 baseline assessment), South Sudan (Round 14) and Uganda (monthly multi-hazard response infographics nationwide).

Flow monitoring was operational in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia (suspended in March and April), South Sudan (no longer active since
October) and Uganda (only active in January and February), through a network of 61 flow monitoring points (FMPs), with the main aim of tracking cross-border movement trends in the region and beyond. FMPs established at key areas of high mobility monitor different kinds of movements, including movements along the four main migration routes (Eastern, Horn of Africa, Southern and Northern) and other migration networks in the region such as in South Sudan and Uganda.