Displacement Solutions

Mali – Rapport sur l'indice de stabilité (Septembre 2022)

L’année 2022 est marquée par des mouvements de populations très complexes, avec des cas de retour, y compris des retours non réussis, des déplacements de courte durée ont continué également a être signalés dans différentes régions du pays. Une proportion importante de personnes déplacées internes vivaient encore dans les centres urbains du pays dans des conditions précaires et avec des besoins d’assistances permanents, le reste de la population déplacée étant dispersée dans les zones rurales, dans des familles d’accueils ou sur des sites auto-installés. L’amélioration des conditions de sécurité dans certaines localités a permis de faciliter le retour de certains ménages, mais de nombreux obstacles persistent, les empêchant de trouver des solutions durables à leur déplacement.

Afin de trouver des solutions durables au déplacement interne - que ce soit par le retour dans les localités d’origine, l’intégration locale ou la réinstallation - et de prévenir de nouveaux déplacements dans les différentes régions, il est essentiel de comprendre les niveaux relatifs de stabilité dans les lieux accueillant des retournés ou des populations déplacées internes. Par conséquent, la Direction Nationale du Développement Social (DNDS) en collaboration avec l’OIM, a lancé l’enquête de l’Indice de Stabilité (IS) pour évaluer la stabilité des zones accueillant des retournés ou des populations déplacées. L’IS cherche à comprendre quels facteurs influencent la stabilité d’un lieu, ce qui peut éclairer les interventions programmatiques prioritaires le long du lien humanitaire, de paix et de développement afin de renforcer la résilience et la stabilité et de prévenir de futurs déplacements forcés.

 

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Knowledge Bite # 6 – Longitudinal Evidence on Sustainable Reintegration Outcomes

This sixth Knowledge Bite focuses on the analysis of the DTM REMAP’s Returnee Longitudinal Survey (RLS). The RLS was conducted in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iraq and Pakistan based on three rounds of data collection in each country. The analysis follows previous Knowledge Bites that relied on the Reintegration Sustainability Survey (RSS) and focuses on four reintegration scores of returnees: economic, social, psychosocial and a composite one. The RLS was collected from 2020 to 2022. As such, the dynamics reported in this Knowledge Bite should be interpreted in the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, and in the case of Afghanistan, the political transition by the De Facto Authorities (DFA) and its economic impact on the country.

Contact

dtmremapsupport@iom.int

Yemen — Rapid Displacement Tracking Update (15 - 21 January 2023)

Dear Yemen Humanitarian Data Partners,                         

                                                                                                                     

IOM Yemen DTM’s Rapid Displacement Tracking (RDT) tool collects data on estimated numbers of households forced to flee on a daily basis from their locations of origin or displacement, allowing for regular reporting of new displacements in terms of estimated numbers, geography, and needs. It also tracks returnees who returned to their location of origin.

                                                                                                                

From 1 January to 21 January 2023, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 652 households (HH) (3,912 Individuals) who experienced displacement at least once.

                                                                                                                

Between 15 and 21 January 2023, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 77 households (462 individuals) displaced at least once. The majority of people moved into/within the following governorates and districts:

                                                                                                                

  • Marib (54 HHs) – Marib City (37 HHs), Marib (17 HHs) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Taiz and Ibb.
  • Taiz (9 HHs) – Jabal Habashi (5 HHs), Sabir Al Mawadim (4 HHs) districts. All displacements in the governorate were internal.
  • Shabwah (9 HHs) – Osaylan (7 HHs), Ayn (2 HHs) districts. All displacements in the governorate orginiated from Marib.

                                                                                                                

The majority of people moved from the following governorates and districts:   

  • Taiz (21 HHs) – Maqbanah (7 HHs), Jabal Habashi (6 HHs), Al Qahirah (3 HHs) districts.
  • Marib (15 HHs) – Al Jubah (9 HHs), Al Abdiyah (2 HHs), Mahliyah (2 HHs) districts.
  • Ibb (8 HHs) – Hazm Al Odayn (3 HHs), Hobeish (2 HHs), Al Qafr (1 HHs) districts.

Contact

DTM Yemen, iomyemendtm@iom.int

إستبيان حول مقاصد نازحي محافطة عدن (اكتوبر 2022)

قامت مصفوفة تتبع النزوح التابعة للمنظمة الدولية للهجرة باستطلاع النوايا الحالية فيما يتعلق بعودة الأفراد النازحين داخلياً في 20 موقعاً للنازحين داخلياً في محافظة عدن في الفترة من 4 إلى 10 أكتوبر2022 . تقع المواقع التي تم تقييمها في مديريات دار سعد (8)، البريقة (7)، خور مكسر (2)، المنصورة (1)، المعلا (1)، الشيخ عثمان (1). كانت حالات النزوح الجديدة إلى محافظة  عدن وداخلها غير شائعة نسبياً في عام 2022، حيث شكلت 2% ( 200 أسرة) من جميع حالات النزوح الجديدة المسجلة عبر أداة تتبع النزوح السريع التابعة للمنظمة الدولية للهجرة: مصفوفة تتبع النزوح خلال الفترة من يناير إلى نوفمبر 2022 عبر المحافظات الخاضعة لسيطرة الحكومة المعترف بها دولياً.

وصلت ثلاث أرباع من الأسر في المواقع التي تم تقييمها بين عامي 2017 و   2019  (74%) وبلغت ذروتها في الربع الأول من عام 2018  بينما وصلت 16٪ من الأسر فقط منذ بداية عام 2020. وصلت معظم الأسر من الحديده (75%)  حيث بدأت معركة الحديدة في يونيو 2018 عندما شنت القوات اليمنية المدعومة من التحالف الذي تقوده السعودية هجوماً على الحديدة في مناطق سلطات الأمر الواقع. يمثل ميناء الحديدة منطقة ذات أهمية استراتيجية لكلا طرفي الصراع حيث يمثل نقطة عبور لـنسبة 80% من الإمدادات الغذائية والطبية والتجارية الأساسية لليمن. وعلى الرغم من المخاوف واسعة الانتشار بشأن نقص الخدمات الأساسية، فإن معظم الأسر التي تمت مقابلتها خططت للبقاء في مواقع النزوح الحاليه(41%) أو ذكرت أنها لم تقرر بعد(28٪).  كانت خطط البقاء في المواقع مرتبطة في الغالب بمخاوف أمنية. عبر عدد أقل من الثلث بقليل وجود خطط للعودة  (321%) ولكن لم يكن الغرض من هذه الخطط في الغالب أن يتم تنفيذها خلال الأشهر الستة التالية (63٪ ) من الأسر تنوي العوده ونادراً ما كانت تستند إلى تصور للظروف الأكثر أماناً هناك.

Contact

DTM Yemen, DTMYemen@iom.int

Yemen — Rapid Displacement Tracking Update (08 - 14 January 2023)

IOM Yemen DTM’s Rapid Displacement Tracking (RDT) tool collects data on estimated numbers of households forced to flee on a daily basis from their locations of origin or displacement, allowing for regular reporting of new displacements in terms of estimated numbers, geography, and needs. It also tracks returnees who returned to their location of origin.

                                                                                                              

From 1 January to 14 January 2023, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 543 households (HH) (3,258 Individuals) who experienced displacement at least once.

                                                                                                              

Between 8 and 14 January 2023, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 115 households (690 individuals) displaced at least once. The majority of people moved into/within the following governorates and districts:

                                                                                                              

  • Marib (56 HHs) – Marib City (38 HHs), Marib (12 HHs), Harib (6 HHs) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Marib and Al Hodeidah.
  • Lahj (39 HHs) – Al Qubaytah (39 HHs) district. All displacements in the governorate orginiated from Taiz.
  • Al Hodeidah (12 HHs) – Hays (8 HHs), At Tuhayta (3 HHs), Al Khukhah (1 HHs) districts.       Most displacements in the governorate originated from Taiz and Al Hodeidah.

                                                                                                              

The majority of people moved from the following governorates and districts:   

  • Taiz (50 HHs) – Mawiyah (39 HHs), Maqbanah (7 HHs), Al Mawasit (2 HHs) districts.
  • Marib (15 HHs) – Harib (7 HHs), Raghwan (2 HHs), Al Jubah (2 HHs) districts.
  • Al Hodeidah (14 HHs) – Al Marawiah (4 HHs), At Tuhayta (3 HHs), Al Mina (3 HHs) districts.

Contact

DTM Yemen, iomyemendtm@iom.int

Yemen — Rapid Displacement Tracking Update (01 - 07 January 2023)

IOM Yemen DTM’s Rapid Displacement Tracking (RDT) tool collects data on estimated numbers of households forced to flee on a daily basis from their locations of origin or displacement, allowing for regular reporting of new displacements in terms of estimated numbers, geography, and needs. It also tracks returnees who returned to their location of origin.

                                                                                                               

From 1 January to 7 January 2023, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 353 households (HH) (2,118 Individuals) who experienced displacement at least once.

                                                                                                               

Between 1 and 7 January 2023, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 353 households (2,118 individuals) displaced at least once. The majority of people moved into/within the following governorates and districts:

                                                                                                               

  • Lahj (230 HHs) – Al Qubaytah (230 HHs) district. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Taiz.
  • Marib (77 HHs) – Marib City (60 HHs), Marib (13 HHs), Harib (4 HHs) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Marib and Dhamar.
  • Taiz (26 HHs) – Mawza (22 HHs), Al Maafer (4 HHs) districts. Most displacements in the governorate were internal.

                                                                                                               

The majority of people moved from the following governorates and districts:   

  • Taiz (232 HHs) – Dimnat Khadir (105 HHs), Mawiyah (91 HHs), Mawza (18 HHs) districts.
  • Lahj (34 HHs) – Al Qubaytah (34 HHs) district.   
  • Marib (32 HHs) – Raghwan (9 HHs), Al Jubah (8 HHs), Harib (6 HHs) districts.

Contact

DTM Yemen, iomyemendtm@iom.int

Yemen — Rapid Displacement Tracking Update (25 - 31 December 2022)

IOM Yemen DTM’s Rapid Displacement Tracking (RDT) tool collects data on estimated numbers of households forced to flee on a daily basis from their locations of origin or displacement, allowing for regular reporting of new displacements in terms of estimated numbers, geography, and needs. It also tracks returnees who returned to their location of origin.

                                                                                                             

From 1 January to 31 December 2022, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 10,135 households (HH) (60,810 Individuals) who experienced displacement at least once.

                                                                                                             

Between 25 and 31 December 2022, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 35 households (210 individuals) displaced at least once. The majority of people moved into/within the following governorates and districts:

                                                                                                             

  • Marib (24 HHs) – Marib City (12 HHs), Marib (9 HHs), Harib (3 HHs) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Dhamar and Marib.
  • Al Hodeidah (6 HHs) – Hays (4 HHs), Al Khukhah (2 HHs) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Taiz and Sanaa.
  • Abyan (5 HHs) – Khanfar (4 HHs), Zinjibar (1 HHs) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Al Hodeidah.

                                                                                                             

The majority of people moved from the following governorates and districts:   

  • Taiz (8 HHs) – Al Misrakh (3 HHs), Maqbanah (3 HHs), Al Maafer (1 HHs) districts.
  • Dhamar (6 HHs) – Maghrib Ans (3 HHs), Wusab Al Aali (1 HHs), Al Hada (1 HHs) districts.
  • Al Hodeidah (5 HHs) – Hays (3 HHs), Al Jarrahi (1 HHs), Zabid (1 HHs) districts.

Contact

DTM Yemen, iomyemendtm@iom.int

Yemen – Intention Survey Aden IDP Sites (October 2022)

IOM DTM assessed the current intentions of return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in 20 internal displacement sites in Aden Governorate from 4 to 10 October 2022. Assessed sites were located in districts of Dar Sad (8), Al Burayqah (7), Khur Maksar (2), Al Mansurah (1), Al Mualla (1), and Ash Shaykh Othman (1). New instances of displacement to and within Aden Governorate were relatively uncommon in 2022, making up two per cent (200 HHs), of all new displacements recorded through IOM DTM’s Rapid Displacement Tracking tool during January to November 2022 across governorates under control of the Internationally Recognized Government (IRG).

 

 Three-quarters of households in assessed sites had arrived between 2017 and 2019 (74%) peaking in the first quarter of 2018 while only 16 per cent had arrived since the beginning of 2020. Most households arrived from Al Hodeidah (75%), where the battle of Al Hodeidah took place starting June 2018 when Yemeni forces backed by the Saudi-led coalition launched the offensive for Hodeidah on de facto authorities. The port of Al Hodeidah represents a strategically significant area to both sides of the conflict as it is a transit point for 80 percent of essential food, medical and commercial supplies for Yemen.

Contact

DTM Yemen, iomyemendtm@iom.int

Yemen — Rapid Displacement Tracking Update (01 July - 30 September 2022)

During the reporting period, between 1 July and 30 September 2022, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 1,963 households (HH) (11,778 individuals)1 who experienced displacement at least once. This compares to 2,052 households (12,312 Individuals) in the second quarter representing a four per cent decrease. Since the beginning of the 2022, the number of tracked new instances of displacement has been declining with a truce holding between April and October 2022.

Safety and security concerns as a result of the conflict were the main reason for displacement, accounting for 73 per cent (1,431 HHs) of the total, followed by economic reasons related to conflict, accounting for 13 per cent (256 HHs) and natural disasters (14%, 276 HHs).

Contact

DTM Yemen, iomyemendtm@iom.int

Yemen — Rapid Displacement Tracking Update (18 - 24 December 2022)

IOM Yemen DTM’s Rapid Displacement Tracking (RDT) tool collects data on estimated numbers of households forced to flee on a daily basis from their locations of origin or displacement, allowing for regular reporting of new displacements in terms of estimated numbers, geography, and needs. It also tracks returnees who returned to their location of origin.

                                                                                                                

From 1 January to 24 December 2022, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 10,090 households (HH) (60,540 Individuals) who experienced displacement at least once.

                                                                                                                

Between 18 and 24 December 2022, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 73 households (438 individuals) displaced at least once. The majority of people moved into/within the following governorates and districts:

                                                                                                                

  • Marib (39 HHs) – Marib City (22 HHs), Marib (17 HHs) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Ibb and Marib.
  • Ad Dali (14 HHs) – Qatabah (10 HHs), Al Azariq (3 HHs), Ad Dali (1 HH) districts. Most displacements in the governorate originated from Ad Dali and Taiz.
  • Al Hodeidah (13 HHs) – Hays (7 HHs), Al Khukhah (6 HHs) districts. Most displacements in the governorate were internal.

                                                                                                                

The majority of people moved from the following governorates and districts:   

  • Al Hodeidah (15 HHs) – At Tuhayta (5 HHs), Jabal Ras (3 HHs), Hays (3 HHs) districts.
  • Taiz (13 HHs) – Mawiyah (5 HHs), Sabir Al Mawadim (2 HHs), Ash Shamayatayn (2 HHs) districts.
  • Ad Dali (9 HHs) – Qatabah (9 HHs) district.          

Contact

DTM Yemen, iomyemendtm@iom.int