Flow Monitoring

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Contact
Angélica Madrigal amadrigal@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Costa Rica
Period Covered
Jun 01 2024
Jul 31 2024
Activity
  • Survey
  • Registration
  • Flow Monitoring

Cantones: Alajuela, Cartago, Corredores, Desamparados, Escazú, Heredia, Los Chiles,

San Carlos, San José, Santa Ana y Tibás.

Costa Rica, al igual que otros países de América Central, se ha distinguido por ser un corredor migratorio del flujo en situación de movilidad por las Américas. Este flujo está compuesto principalmente por personas provenientes de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Ecuador, Haití, Colombia, así como de otros países de Suramérica, África y Asia. Según estimaciones de la OIM Costa Rica, durante junio de 2024 ingresaron al país aproximadamente 33.022 personas, con un promedio diario de 1.101 personas. Esto representa una disminución del 1% en comparación con mayo de 2024. Además, se identificaron 937 personas varadas en los sitios públicos monitoreados y 981 personas varadas en los albergues monitoreados.

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Contact
DTMCostaRica@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Costa Rica
Period Covered
Jun 01 2024
Jun 30 2024
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Event Tracking

Cantons: Alajuela, Cartago, Corredores, Desamparados, Escazú, Heredia, Los Chiles,

San Carlos, San José, Santa Ana and Tibás.

Costa Rica, like other Central American countries, has distinguished itself as a migratory corridor for the flow of people in mobility across the Americas. This flow is mainly composed of people from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Cuba, Haiti, Ecuador, as well as other countries in South America, Africa, and Asia. According to estimates by IOM Costa Rica, approximately 33,022 people entered the country in June 2024, with a daily average of 1,101 people. This represents a 1% decrease compared to May 2024. Additionally, 937 stranded people were identified in monitored public sites and 981 stranded people in monitored shelters.

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Contact
DTMCostaRica@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Costa Rica
Period Covered
Jun 01 2024
Jun 30 2024
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Event Tracking

Cantones La Cruz, Upala y Los Chiles

Los movimientos migratorios de personas nicaragüenses hacia Costa Rica son una tendencia constante, intensificándose por factores políticos, económicos y sociales y que representan desafíos continuos para ambos países en la búsqueda de respuestas en materia de políticas migratorias, que incluyan soluciones en empleo, educación, acceso a servicios básicos, entre otros.

 

Durante junio de 2024, la Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería (DGME) de Costa Rica, registró un total 41.846 movimientos migratorios (53% ingresos y 47% egresos), lo que además representó, con respecto a mayo, un aumento del 18% en ingresos y una disminución del 13% en egresos. Por otro lado, entre el 01 y el 30 de junio, la OIM en Costa Rica registró 15.082 movimientos migratorios en tres puntos fronterizos no oficiales (52 % ingresos y 48 % egresos). Además, se encuestó a 472 personas nicaragüenses (314 en puestos fronterizos oficiales y 158 en cruces fronterizos no oficiales) y 479 acompañantes (352 por puestos fronterizos oficiales y 127 por cruces fronterizos no oficiales).

 

Entender la dinámica fronteriza de quienes la transitan es fundamental en la comprensión de las necesidades de población migrante y la formulación de propuestas para su atención. Ante estos desafíos, es esencial disponer de información actualizada sobre el perfil sociodemográfico, motivos de migración, necesidades y la dinámica de los movimientos migratorios de persona nicaragüenses en la frontera norte de Costa Rica.

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Contact
DTMCostaRica@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Costa Rica
Period Covered
Jun 01 2024
Jun 30 2024
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Event Tracking

Cantons: La Cruz, Upala and Los Chiles

The migratory movements of Nicaraguan nationals to Costa Rica are a constant trend, intensifying due to political, economic and social factors and representing continuous challenges for both countries in the search for answers in terms of migration policies, which include solutions in employment, education, access to basic services, among others.

 

During June 2024, the Directorate General of Migration (DGME, by its Spanish acronym) of Costa Rica registered a total of 41,846 migratory movements (53% entries and 47% exits), which also represented, compared to May, an 18% increase in entries and a 13% decrease in exits. On the other hand, between June 1st and June 30th, the IOM in Costa Rica registered 15,082 migratory movements at three unofficial border crossing points (52% entries and 48% exits). Additionally, 472 Nicaraguan people were surveyed (314 at official border crossings points and 158 at unofficial border crossings points) and 479 companions (352 at official border crossings points and 127 at unofficial border crossings points).

 

Understanding the border dynamics of those who transit it is essential in comprehending the needs of the migrant population and formulating proposals for their assistance. In the face of these challenges, it is essential to have updated information on the sociodemographic profile, reasons for migration, needs, and the dynamics of the migratory movements of Nicaraguan people on the northern border of Costa Rica.

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DTM Türkiye, mpmturkey@iom.int
Language
English
Period Covered
Jun 01 2024
Jun 30 2024
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring

According to the latest figures from the Turkish Presidency of Migration Management (PMM), there are more than 4.4 million foreigners in Türkiye, of whom 3.4 million are seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians (3,111,0471) who have been granted temporary protection status. Another group of foreigners are international protection holders mainly from Iraq, Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Ukraine. In 2023, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), there were 258,4162 refugees and asylum-seekers in Türkiye.


In addition, 1,113,3153 foreigners with residence permits were in Türkiye as of June 2024, which is 179,5194 people less than in June 2023.

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DTMAfghanistan@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Afghanistan
Period Covered
Jul 07 2024
Jul 13 2024
Activity
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring Survey
  • Flow Monitoring

The IOM Afghanistan’s DTM Flow Monitoring activity is designed to provide insights into the mobility patterns at Afghanistan’s border points with the Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan. The activity involves two interlinked exercises: the Flow Monitoring Counting (FMC), a headcount of individuals crossing the border, and the Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS), which collect data on the profiles and intentions of randomly selected Afghan nationals. DTM FM is operational at four main crossing points (connected to Afghanistan’s National Highway) as well as seven other crossing points with Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan. This weekly snapshot combines information from the FM activity and various IOM sources related to cross-border movement. For a detailed explanation of the methodology used in gathering this data, the report directs readers to the section titled “IOM INFLOW DATA” on the last page.
 

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Contact
DTMAfghanistan@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Afghanistan
Period Covered
Apr 01 2024
Jun 30 2024
Activity
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring Survey
  • Flow Monitoring

Frequent movement at the borders with the Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan have been influenced by a variety of factors over the past few decades. Afghan nationals not only seek economic opportunities, international protection and safety in these countries, but often visit family or participate in short-term travel for health and other reasons1. Recently, policies and statements by officials in the Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan have impacted movements to and from Afghanistan. In late 2023, officials in both countries called for the expulsion of undocumented foreigners, the majority of whom are Afghan nationals, which led to spikes in returnee numbers towards the end of the year. Later, in mid-April this year, inflows rose again when a possible second phase of Pakistan’s “Illegal Foreigners’ Repatriation Plan (IFRP)” was announced in media reports. While the government of Pakistan did not end up implementing this second phase in mid-April, there were new announcements for restarts at the end of June. In response, discussions and high-level advocacy are currently taking place regarding the extension of documentation for Afghan nationals in Pakistan. The timeline of this report covers the initial media reports of the second phase restart until the official announcement. 

IOM Afghanistan re-launched its DTM Flow Monitoring (FM) activity at the beginning of 2024 to provide critical insights into current mobility dynamics at Afghanistan’s borders. Flow Monitoring is designed to track the scale and characteristics of human mobility along the borders, including volume, intended destinations, reasons for movement, and intended lengths of stay. From April to the end of June 2024, DTM counted 858,170 individuals entering Afghanistan, 532,854 leaving Afghanistan, and interviewed 81,292 regarding their reasons for movement and intentions. The following report provides findings from DTM’s Flow Monitoring exercises for the second quarter of 2024, examining trends and profiles among inflow and outflow groups to inform better targeted response mechanisms. DTM was able to expand Flow Monitoring to five more crossing points in this quarter compared to last quarter. Operations at new crossing points were started at various times throughout the reporting period, which include Abu Nasr Farahi, Dak, Bahramcha, Angor Ada, and Pathan. As a result the total flows figures in this report do not necessarily represent the total flows at these crossing points for the entirety of the reporting period. Additionally, all assessed border points fall into two categories: those connected to the National Highway, or “main” crossing points, which include Islam Qala, Milak, Spin Boldak, and Torkham, and those not connected to the National Highway, which include the five new border points and Ghulam Khan. Analyses throughout the report will reflect the differences between these types of crossing points. 

The report is structured in four sections. The first section, “Cumulative Flow Trends,” is linked to DTM’s Flow Monitoring Counting exercise. The remaining three sections are linked to DTM’s Flow Monitoring Surveys exercise.

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DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int
Language
English
Location
South Sudan
Period Covered
May 01 2024
May 31 2024
Activity
  • Registration
  • Flow Monitoring
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Site Assessment

At the end of May 2024, 137,536 individuals (31,033 households) are biometrically registered as active beneficiaries in the site, representing an increase of two per cent of individuals since January following the latest biometric registration maintenance in Bentiu IDP Camp. 

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DTM Sudan, DTMSudan@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Sudan
Period Covered
May 01 2024
Jul 03 2024
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring
  • Mobility Tracking

The Sudan Mobility Overview provides an in-depth analysis of displacement and mobility in Sudan between 01 May - 03 July 2024. This bi-monthly report summarizes displacement pathways, movement intentions, and humanitarian needs of IDPs in Sudan. 

DTM Sudan relies on a network of 470 enumerators and 6,381 key informants to collect data from 8,620 locations across all 18 states in Sudan. 

Displacement Figures

  • DTM Sudan estimates that 10,594,576 individuals (2,129,632 households) are internally displaced in Sudan, as of 03 July 2024.
  • An estimated 7,794,480 individuals were displaced since 15 April 2023. 
  • An estimated 2,238,671 individuals crossed borders into neighbouring countries since 15 April 2023. 
  • 27% of IDPs who were initially displaced prior to the onset of conflict on 15 April 2023 were displaced again after 15 April 2023. 
  • 55% of IDPs were children under the age of 18-years-old. 

Highlights

  • Approximately 50 per cent of IDPs were hosted across the Darfur states, with nearly 17 per cent of all IDPs hosted in South Darfur alone. 
  • Over a third (35%) of all IDPs were displaced from Khartoum state. 
  • Food remained the highest reported need among displaced households: over 97 per cent of IDPs across Sudan were hosted in localities with high levels of acute food insecurity or worse (IPC Level 3+). Food was reportedly unaffordable for an estimated 89 per cent of displaced households. 
  • Over 20 per cent of the population in Sudan was displaced, either internally or across borders, since 15 April 2023. 
  • Sudan hosts approximately 14 per cent of all IDPs worldwide, and approximately 1 in 7 IDPs worldwide are Sudanese.
Public Dataset

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Contact
iomyemendtm@iom.int
Location
Yemen
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring
Period Covered
Jun 01 2024 -
Jun 30 2024

In June 2024, the IOM Yemen DTM tracked 1,820 migrants entering Yemen, an eight per cent increase from the total figure reported in the previous month (1,685 migrants). All migrants (100%) left from Bari Region in Somalia.

Among the total migrants recorded, 17 per cent were children, 24 per cent were women, and 59 per cent were men. 

Typically, Lahj serves as an entry point for migrants departing through Djibouti whereas Shabwah serves as an entry point for migrants departing through Somalia. During this reporting period, all migrants departed from Somalia to the coastal area of Shabwah Governorate. During the same period, no migrants departed from Djibouti to Lahj due to a military campaign in Lahj Governorate. The campaign aims at reducing and stopping the arrival of migrants by intercepting boats and detaining smugglers. Since it started in August 2023, the campaign resulted a near-zero arrival of migrant flow through this route in the subsequent months with a single exception in December 2023 when boat transported 110 migrants ashore.

The DTM team identified 3,556 Yemeni returnees in June 2024, an 11 per cent decrease compared to the number of returnees in May (4,010 individuals). Additionally, the team recorded a total of 267 migrants that were deported from Oman back to Deifen Point in Shahan district of Al Maharah Governorate, Yemen. All deported migrants from Oman were Ethiopian nationals.

While the worsening humanitarian crisis in Yemen has compelled some migrants to make the difficult decision to return to their home countries in the Horn of Africa, others have reportedly been deported by authorities. In June 2024, DTM recorded a total of 847 migrants leaving Yemen either voluntarily or deported by boat from Yemen. This group was composed of 89 per cent men, eight per cent women, and two per cent children.

Furthermore, in June 2024, the Djibouti DTM team reported a total of 642 migrants (92% men, 6% women, and 2% children) arrived in Djibouti from Yemen. These figures underscore the significant challenges migrants in Yemen face and the desperate circumstances that have led them to risk dangerous sea voyages. 

Population Groups

Migrants Present

Survey Methodology

Unit of Analysis Or Observation

Admin Area 2

Individual

Site or Location

Type of Survey or Assessment

Key Informant

Keywords

Geographical Scope Partial Coverage

Administrative boundaries with available data

The current dataset covers the following administrative boundaries