West and Central Africa — Liptako Gourma Crisis Monthly Dashboard 31 (31 July 2022)




RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int
Snapshot Date
Jul 31 2022
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Baseline Assessment

The Central Sahel area, and in particular the Liptako Gourma region, which borders Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, is affected by a complex crisis involving growing competition over dwindling resources; climatic variability; demographic pressure; high levels of poverty; disaffection and a lack of livelihood opportunities; communal tensions; the absence of state institutions and basic services; and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. The crisis has led to the death of an estimated 5,000 people in 2021 (as of 31 December) and triggered significant displacement of populations in the four affected countries.

As of 31 July 2022, 2,641,697 individuals have been displaced, including 2,437,354 Internally Displaced Persons (92% of the displaced population) and 204,343 Refugees (8% of the displaced population). Seventy-three per cent of the displaced population (1,902,150 individuals) were located in Burkina Faso, while 15 per cent resided in Mali (406,184 individuals), 8 per cent in Niger (223,524 individuals) and 3 per cent in Mauritania (85,083 individuals).