Mongolia – Rapid Assessment on Population, Migration and Needs across Ulaanbaatar City #2 (June-August 2022) – City-Wide
Aug 31 2022
- Community Perception
- Mobility Tracking
- Baseline Assessment
This report provides an overview of key thematic areas covered by the Ulaanbaatar city-wide rapid assessment on population, migration and needs between June and August 2022. Current data collection is the second phase of the Displacement Tracking Matrix Mobility (DTM) tracking assessment done by IOM Mongolia in Ulaanbaatar.
Similar to phase one, this study explores eight primary themes across Ulaanbaatar, namely, population baseline figures, registration, internal arrivals and departures (migration), employment, financial situation, mobilityrelated challenges, and services and infrastructure. Data are collected through key informant interviews with kheseg leaders, who are well-informed about their communities, resources and local context.
Previous IOM studies have found that a combination of complex factors, including land degradation and climate change, are altering traditional migration patterns in Mongolia. More frequent drought and dzuds, insufficient job opportunities, inadequate living conditions, and rural population’s livestock dependency has directly increased the level of migration to urban areas and other aimags.
Understanding the nature of these migration patterns has been hindered by discrepancies between census data, registration data, and the reality of people living in and migrating between different locations across Mongolia. By obtaining data on population and internal migration in Ulaanbaatar city, this study aims to bridge the gap in up-to-date data collection and analysis to inform policies and actions on internal migration.