Evaluation Report

Mali — Rapport de Recherche — La "Fièvre De l'Or" Au Mali: Analyse Des Profils Et Dynamiques Migratoires (Décembre 2019)

Cette recherche s’inscrit dans le programme « Sécurité Support et Solutions le long de la Route de la Méditerranée Centrale » financé par le Royaume-Uni à travers le département du développement international (DFID), dont l’un des objectifs est d’améliorer la compréhension des gouvernements, des agences humanitaires et des organisations nationales sur les tendances migratoires afin notamment de formuler des réponses adaptées pour les populations vulnérables. La recherche vise à déterminer le profil migratoire des orpailleurs, les parcours jusqu’aux sites miniers, les modes de prise de décision, ainsi qu’à identifier les systèmes de mobilité soutenant la « fièvre de l’or ». Un autre objectif concerne  l’évaluation des défis liés à la protection des personnes vulnérables autour des sites d’orpaillage. La collecte des données a eu lieu entre mars et mai 2019 dans les cercles de Sadiola et Kéniéba dans la région de Kayes, et dans les cercles de Kadiolo et Yanfolia dans la région de Sikasso.​

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Mauritanie — COVID-19 : Rapport sur les restrictions de mobilité (Octobre 2020)

La pandémie de COVID-19 a eu des conséquences majeures sur la mobilité dans le monde. Au delà des fortes perturbations de la mobilité, de nombreux gouvernements ont imposé des mesures préventives, souvent restrictives, limitant les mouvements de personnes dans le but d'endiguer la propagation du virus. Ainsi, dès le 15 mars 2020 le gouvernement de
la république islamique de Mauritanie a progressivement mis en place des mesures limitant les déplacements dans le pays pour contenir la propagation de l’épidémie dans le pays. Ces mesures ont été graduellement allégées ou levées à partir du 10 juillet 2020. Afin de mieux comprendre comment ces restrictions et leur allègement subséquent affectent la mobilité dans le pays, le pilier thématique du Système des Nations Unies sur les points d’entrée a développé un outil de collecte de données permettant de cartographier l'emplacement des principaux points d'entrée dans le pays, de recueillir des données sur leur statut opérationnel et d'identifier les mesures et restrictions imposées à ces points. Cet outil utilise la méthodologie DTM de l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations. Les évaluations ont pour but d'aider les autorités nationales, les agences des Nations Unies, les organisations et autres parties prenantes clés à identifier et à développer des interventions adéquates de préparation et de réponse à la pandémie au niveau des PdE. Ce rapport quadrimestriel présente des informations sur le statut opérationnel, les mobilités transfrontalières et les mesures préventives mises en place dans 28 PdE à travers le pays.

Contact

DTMMauritania@iom.int

Methodology

Mobility Tracking

Costa Rica — Línea base para el monitoreo de flujos de población venezolana en Costa Rica (Julio -Agosto 2020)

Durante los últimos años, el aumento en la llegada de ciudadanos venezolanos ha conducido a un contexto migratorio en evolución en Costa Rica, de acuerdo con estimaciones realizadas por la OIM Costa Rica, para finales de junio de 2020 había aproximadamente 29 850 personas venezolanas en este país. La situación de emergencia provocada por COVID-19 hace predecible un aumento en vulnerabilidades de esta población, haciendo necesario contar con información más actualizada sobre su situación.

Con el objetivo de contar con una noción general actualizada sobre la situación de las personas venezolanas en el territorio costarricense, que sirva como línea base para futuros proyectos. La OIM Costa Rica desarrolló entre finales de julio y mediados de agosto 2020, un proceso de recopilación de información básica sobre los venezolanos en Costa Rica, mediante encuestas en línea. El presente informe se basa en las respuestas de dicha encuesta.

Contact

DTMCostaRica@iom.int

Brazil — Monitoramento do fluxo da populaçao Warao no Maranhāo (Março 2020)

Este é o primeiro relatório da Matriz de Monitoramento de Deslocamento (DTM) da OIM, feito no estado do Maranhão, com foco específico na população indígena Warao. Sua publicação faz parte do processo de monitoramento dos fluxos de pessoas provenientes da Venezuela para o Brasil realizado pela OIM. Neste exercício, buscou-se seguir as rotas migratórias da população Warao que partem da Venezuela, muitas vezes passando por Roraima, território principal dos relatórios DTM anteriores realizados no Brasil. As atividades de DTM visam promover uma migração segura, ordenada e digna com base no respeito aos direitos das pessoas.

Este relatório foi elaborado com dados coletados por meio de pesquisas em moradias coletivas em São Luís, Imperatriz e São José de Ribamar entre os dias 1o e 09 de março de 2020. Ele apresenta informações sobre o perfil demográfico da população entrevistada, educação, trabalho, saúde e proteção social. Esta atividade foi financiada pelo Escritório de População, Refugiados e Migração (PRM) do Departamento de Estado dos Estados Unidos da América.

Contact

DTM Brazil iombrazil@iom.int

Methodology

Survey Flow Monitoring

Brazil —Monitoring the Warao Population Flow in Maranhão ( March 2020)

This is the first report from the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), carried out in the State of Maranhão, with a specific focus on the Warao indigenous population. This report was prepared with data collected through research in collective housing in São Luís, Imperatriz and São José de Ribamar between 1 and 9 March 2020.

Contact

DTM Brazil iombrazil@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

Brazil — Monitoreo de flujo de población Warao en Maranhāo (Marzo 2020)

Este es el primer informe de la Matriz de Monitoreo de Desplazamientos (DTM) de la OIM, realizado en el estado de Maranhão, con un enfoque específico en la población indígena Warao. Su publicación es parte del proceso de seguimiento de los flujos de personas de Venezuela a Brasil llevados a cabo por la OIM. En este ejercicio, buscamos seguir las rutas migratorias de la población Warao que parten de Venezuela, pasando a menudo por Roraima, el principal territorio de los informes anteriores de DTM realizados en Brasil. Las actividades de TMD tienen como objetivo promover una migración segura, ordenada y digna basada en el respeto de los derechos de las personas.

Este informe se elaboró con datos recogidos a través de la investigación en viviendas colectivas en São Luís, Imperatriz y San José de Ribamar entre el 1 y el 9 de marzo de 2020. Presenta información sobre el perfil demográfico de la población entrevistada, la educación, el trabajo, la salud y la protección social. Esta actividad fue financiada por la Oficina de Población, Refugiados y Migraciones (PRM) del Departamento de Estado de los Estados Unidos.

Contact

DTM Brazil iombrazil@iom.int

Methodology

Survey Flow Monitoring

East And Horn Of Africa — COVID-19 Regional Overview On Mobility Restrictions (as of 17 September 2020)

 The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions and restrictions. To better understand how COVID-19 affects global mobility, IOM has developed a global mobility database to map and gather data on the locations, status and different restrictions at Points of Entry (PoEs), globally (see migration.iom.int). In the East and Horn of Africa (EHoA) region, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) teams in nine of the ten countries covered by IOM Nairobi Regional Office1 are actively collecting information on various PoEs, internal transit locations, as well as other areas of interest in an effort to better understand the extent of these restrictions, as well as the impact on different types of population groups. This report is developed as a close collaboration between IOM’s divisions and units, in particular: DTM, Migration Health Division (MHD), Immigration and Border Management (IBM), and Migrant Protection and Assistance Division (MPA).

Data is collected about the following locations:

• Airports (currently or recently functioning airport with a designated International Air Transport Association -IATA- code)

• Blue Border Crossing Points (international border crossing point on sea, river or lake)

• Land Border Crossing Points (international border crossing point on land)

• Internal Transit Points (internal transit point inside a given country, territory or area)

• Areas of interest (region, town, city or sub-administrative unit in a given country, territory or area with specific restrictions)

• Sites with a population of interest particularly affected by or at risk of COVID-19 (stranded, repatriated and returning migrants, IDPs, nationals, asylum-seekers and regular travellers)

Contact

DTM Regional Office Nairobi, DTMRONairobi@iom.int

Methodology

Flow Monitoring

Nigeria — COVID-19 Point of Entry Dashboard 15 (15 - 21 August 2020)

IOM DTM in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the state Ministry of Health have been conducting monitoring of individuals moving into Nigeria's conflict-affected northeastern states of Adamawa and Borno under pillar four (Points of entry) of COVID 19 preparedness and response planning guidelines.
 
During the period 15 - 21 August 2020, 63 movements were observed at Seven Points of Entries in Adamawa and Borno states. Of the total movements recorded, 44 were incoming from Extreme-Nord in Cameroon.
 
A range of data was collected during the assessment to better inform on migrants’ nationalities, gender, reasons for moving, mode of transportation and timeline of movement as shown in Figures 1 to 4 below.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

West and Central Africa — Stability Index — Cameroon and Nigeria (September 2019)

A report by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) identified 4.2 million displaced individuals in Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon in 2019. However, as the protracted conflict begins to subside in some regions, there are a growing number of displaced persons returning to their towns and villages of origin. The DTM noted a 77 per cent increase (800,000 individuals) in the number of returnees in 2019 compare those reported in 2016. The total population of returnees represents 41 per cent of the total population affected by displacements in the Lake Chad Basin. This growing trend towards return movements calls for a more thorough investigation to better understand the returnee populations in the regions and communities of origin. It is also highlighting the importance of assessing the return intentions of individuals who are still displaced in order to provide the necessary assistance for the reintegration of those who have already returned to their area of origin, as well as to those who intend to return in the near future.  

The stability index identifies ‘pockets of stability’ to target the needs of the large proportion of returnee populations and analyzes which factors are relatively more impactful on the decisions of returnees to remain in place or to move. Furthermore, it is an essential tool in designing assistance for durable solutions as well as a new instrument to inform transition and recovery with appropriate programming priorities.

This report presents the results of the Stability Index data collection activities conducted in Nigeria and Cameroon in August and September 2019.

Contact

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

Iraq — Return Index: Round 9 (July 2020)

The Return Index is a tool designed to measure the severity of conditions in locations of return. Data collection for the Return Index Round 9 took place during the months of May and June 2020 across eight governorates, 38 districts and 2,013 locations in Iraq. During Round 9, an additional 163 locations of return were assessed.