In 2020, thousands of undocumented Afghan nationals returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan. Many of those returning have lived outside Afghanistan for decades and some were born in Pakistan. This population will need support from the Afghan government and humanitarian actors, both on arrival, and as they seek to reintegrate into a country faced with widespread conflict, displacement and scarce economic opportunities. With co-funding from the European Union and the Government of Australia, IOM collects information on the volume, profiles and vulnerabilities of returnees especially undocumented Afghan migrants from Pakistan at two official border points between the two countries.
This information is collected as part of the Flow Monitoring (FM) component of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), which has been implemented in Pakistan since 2017. More specifically, FM tracks flows of migrant groups and individuals as they cross two transit locations, the Torkham and Chaman/Spin Boldak (further referred to in this report as “Chaman”) border crossings. At these locations, information on the numbers, socio-economic profiles and vulnerabilities of undocumented Afghan returnees and Afghan Citizen Card holding returnees is collected, analyzed and disseminated bi-weekly.
This report aims to contribute to a better understanding of the return movements of undocumented Afghan returnees by conducting more in-depth analysis on the data that was collected in 2020 at the Torkham and Chaman border crossings. The data, which is collected at regular intervals, gives us the unique opportunity to uncover specific trends regarding the volume of flows, profiles and vulnerabilities of undocumented Afghan returnees.
The analysis of the data, which was collected in 2020 at the two border crossing points, indicates that the number of returnees has decreased significantly in comparison to the previous year, 6,661 individuals in 2020 compared to 17,286 in 2019. Besides a variety of push and pull factors, the steep decline in return movements can also be attributed to the closure of the borders due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which made it more difficult for Afghan nationals to return to their home country.
As of 27 January 2021, data was collected on 809 PoEs in 30 countries/territories/areas across the EEA region. These locations include: 480 land border crossings points, 190 airports, and 139 blue border crossing points (including sea, river and lake ports). This work is based on the information collected by or available to IOM Country Offices in the region. This PoEs brief analysis provides an overview of the changes of the operational status and mobility restrictions over the past year, between April 2020 and January 2021. Not all data on PoEs have been updated every month, meaning that the displayed trend does not necessarily represent the situation of all PoEs at any given month. A total of 809 PoEs have been assessed as of January 2021, which is 45 more than the 764 PoEs assessed in April last year when the global data collection exercise was rolled out.
سنجش و پایش پویایی مهاجران در حال حرکت بخشی از فعالیت های سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت در آفریقای غربی، میانه، شرقی، شاخ
آقریقا، لیبی و اروپا )آلبانی، بلغارستان، بوسنی و هرزگووین، یونان، مجارستان، ایتالیا، مقدونیه شمالی و مونتنگرو، رومانی و اسپانیا( می
باشد که در چارچوب مطالعات سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت در مورد انسان های در حال حرکت از آفریقا، مدیترانه و بالکان غربی می
باشد. برای این مطالعه، داده ها در سال 2018 و از کشورهای یونان، مقدونیه شمالی، آلبانی، مونتنگرو، بوسنی و هرزگووین، ایتالیا و اسپانیا
جمع آوری شده است.
دلیل پایش پویایی جمعیتی به عنوان بخشی از فعالیت های سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت، بهبود درک از شاخصه ها، مسیرهای مهاجرتی،
دلایل مهاجرت انسان ها از طریق جمع آوری داده های جا به جایی جمعیتی در نقاط کلیدی در یک کشور، منطقه یا چند منطقه می
باشد. در ضمن، این فعالیت کمک می نماید تا آگاهی فعالان مرتبط را در زمینه نیازهای فوری و میان مدت این جمعیت ارتقا داده و از آن
طریق به ایجاد برنامه های بشر دوستانه و برنامه های تاب آوری، استراتژی های ادغام مجدد و توسعه با اطلاعات کافی در اجتماعات مبدا
یا سایر مناطق اقدام نمود. مهاجران در حال حرکت توسط کارمندان سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت مصاحبه می شوند، از طریق پرسشنامه،
به جمع آوری داده های مربوط به شاخصه های جمعیتی مهاجران از جمله سن، جنسیت، مبدا، سطح تحصی ت، وضعیت اشتغال قبل از ا
مهاجرت، نقاط عبور کلیدی، هزینه مسافرت و دلایل مهاجرت، اقدام می گردد.
این تحلیل در بر دارنده اطلاعاتی در مورد مهاجرانی می باشد که از جمهوری اس می ایران به اروپا به مهاجرت نموده و در سال 2018 ا
مصاحبه شده اند
As of 27 January 2021, data was collected on 851 PoEs in 19 countries/territories/areas across the SEEECA region. These locations include: 535 land border crossings points, 197 airports, and 119 blue border crossing points (including sea, river and lake ports). This work is based on the information collected by or available to IOM Country Offices in the region. This PoEs brief analysis provides an overview of the changes of the operational status and mobility restrictions between April 2020, when the global data collection exercise on PoEs’ status was rolled out by IOM, and January 2021. It is important to note that not all data on PoEs have been updated every month, meaning that the trend displayed does not necessarily represent the current situation of all PoEs. A total of 851 PoEs have been assessed in January 2021, which is 249 more than the 602 PoEs assessed in April 2020 at the beginning of the exercise.
According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM), there are more than 4.4 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory, 3.6 million of whom are seeking international protection. Most of those seeking international protection are Syrians (3,643,769 individuals: 3,585,017 urban caseload and 58,752 residing in camps) who are granted temporary protection status in Turkey. According to DGMM, as of end of 2020, there were 31,334 international protection applicants most frequently nationals of Afghanistan, Iraq and the Islamic Republic of Iran constitute another group of foreign nationals seeking Turkish humanitarian and legal protection. There is an increase of 67,000 individuals in the number of Syrian nationals in comparison to last year’s figures.
In addition, there are 817,898 foreign nationals present in Turkey holding residency permits including humanitarian residence holders. The exact number of the humanitarian residence holders is unknown, but it is estimated that there are a few thousand humanitarian resident holders.
Impact Of COVID-19 Movement Restrictions On Migrants Along The Eastern Corridor 11 (As of 31 January 2021)
The COVID-19 outbreak has restricted global mobility, whilst heightening the risk of exploitation of vulnerable populations. This report provides a snapshot of the COVID-19 epidemiological situation and mobility restrictions, and of the current migration trends along the Eastern Corridor migration route, in addition to an analysis of the impact that movement restrictions have had in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Yemen. Moreover, it provides information on the main protection concerns for migrants and assistance provided, and COVID-19 risk mitigation measures. This report utilizes data collected through IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs), Migrant Response Centres (MRCs), Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) data, as well as anecdotal information provided by IOM team members working in the region.