Site Assessment

DTM Tormenta Honduras en Respuesta al Huracán ETA y IOTA — Evaluación de Sitios (November 2020)

Como respuesta al huracán ETA y ahora a la IOTA en Honduras, la Unidad de Información de la OIM para el Norte de América Central está realizando encuestas DTM a informantes clave en refugios de tres municipios prioritarios de Honduras: San Pedro Sula, Villanueva y Choloma. Por tanto, este documento se trata de una serie de 109 reportes individuales donde se analizan en cada uno de ellos una evaluación de sitio. La información presentada en cada uno de estos reportes fue recolectada el 16 de noviembre de 2020. Se utilizó una modificación local del instrumento multisectorial de evaluación de sitios de la Matriz de Monitoreo de Desplazamiento (DTM) de OIM (https:// displacement.iom.int/). Esta herramienta implica información a partir de entrevistas a los encargados de cada sitio colectivo, así como la observación presencial de las instalaciones para identificar las necesidades prioritarias conforme a los estándares mínimos establecidos en las normas humanitarias del Manual Esfera (https://spherestandards.org/es/manual-2018).

Contact

DTM Honduras, iomtegucigalpa@iom.int

Methodology

Site Assessment

Nigeria — COVID-19 Situational Analysis: North East #3 (September 2020)

This Round 3 of the COVID-19 Situation Analysis is based on the assessment of knowledge, practice and impact of the pandemic on internally displaced persons (IDPs) in conflict-affected communities of north-eastern Nigeria. Conducted by the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) unit of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the report covers the period 21 September to 10 October 2020 and reflects trends from north-eastern states of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe.
 
The first assessment was conducted in May 2020 two months after the index case was reported in Nigeria. The second assessment was published in August 2020. In this Round 3, 116,018 respondents — or 5 per cent of all identified IDPs as per DTM Round 34 — were interviewed for a range of COVID-19 related indicators. Key informant interviews and focus group discussions were the primary methods used for the assessment and the findings were corroborated with physical on-ground observations.
 
The information collated and analyzed in this report includes COVID-19 awareness among IDPs, communication medium used to receive information, level of awareness (in camps and in host communities, respectively), exposure to communication on risks associated with COVID-19, mitigation measures taken (in camps and among host communities, respectively), health center’s preparedness in managing confirmed cases of COVID-19, effect of the pandemic on day-to-day activities (in camps and in host communities, respectively) and access to infection and prevention control facilities.
 
COVID-19 threatens to deepen the humanitarian crisis in north-eastern Nigeria which has been besieged with escalation of violence between Non-State Armed Groups (NSAGs) and the Government for nearly a decade, resulting in mass displacement and deprivation. To better understand the scope of displacement and assess the needs of affected populations, IOM has been implementing the DTM programme since September 2014, in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and relevant State Emergency Management Agencies (SEMAs).
 
It is hoped that the findings of this assessment will help achieve the main objective of supporting the Government and humanitarian partners in providing better response to needs of displaced communities.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, AllUsersInDTMNigeria@iom.int

Mozambique – COVID-19 Preparedness Assessment In Resettlement Sites Report 12 (October 2020)

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in collaboration with the Government of Mozambique’s National Disaster Management Agency (INGC) conducted an assessment in the resettlement sites from 7 to 12 October 2020, with the sole purpose to inform government and humanitarian partners on preparedness levels and precautionary measures currently available in resettlement sites hosting populations displaced by Cyclone Idai. The information gathered is intended to help partners plan interventions. This information will further allow partners to identify recommended health and site preparation measures to prevent and contain an outbreak in the resettlement sites in the central region.

In the past month, among the 73 resettlement sites assessed, four sites (Bandua 2019, Geromi, Mdhala, and Muconja in Sofala province) reported the arrival of 22 Mozambican migrant workers returning from South Africa. All sites reported a noticeable change in people’s behaviours and habits to better prevent COVID-19.

Contact

DTMMozambique@iom.int

Chad — Displacement Dashboard 13 (September — October 2020)

Since 2015, Chad has been the target of repeated attacks by armed groups conducting an insurgency in the Lake Chad Basin (Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria), which have caused significant internal and cross-border population displacements. In Chad, IOM has been implementing the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) since May 2015 in Lac Province to gather updates on the number, profiles, and needs of populations displaced due to the crisis, in order to inform humanitarian and development programmes. This dashboard presents key results from DTM assessments carried out with key informants between 11 September and 5 October 2020 in 218 displacement locations. During this round, 18 per cent of locations were assessed through phone interviews, mainly due to access challenges to the islands of Lake Chad, which were targeted by armed attacks during the data collection period. 

During this round of data collection, the number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) increased by 13 per cent as compared to round 12. This increase can be explained by worsening security conditions (mainly in Kaiga-Kindjiria, Kangalam and Liwa sous-préfectures), which led many individuals to flee their homes preventively or following armed attacks. In addition, 1 per cent of IDPs (4,419 individuals) were displaced by floods caused by heavy rainfall in Lac Province. As in the last round, key indicators related to COVID-19 awareness and preparedness were included in data collection. 

Contact

DTM Chad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Tchad — Dashboard de Déplacement 13 (Septembre — Octobre 2020) 

Le Tchad fait, depuis 2015, l’objet d’attaques perpétrées par des groupes armés présents dans le bassin du Lac Tchad (Cameroun, Niger, Nigeria, Tchad) ayant engendré des déplacements massifs de populations, aussi bien internes que transfrontaliers. Au Tchad, l’OIM met en œuvre sa Matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM, Displacement Tracking Matrix) dans la province du Lac depuis mai 2015 pour mesurer l’évolution du nombre, des profils et des besoins des populations déplacées suite à cette crise, afin de mieux orienter les programmes humanitaires et de développement. Ce tableau de bord présente les résultats d'évaluations menées auprès d'informateurs clés entre le 11 septembre et le 5 octobre 2020 dans 218 lieux de déplacement. Il est à signaler que lors de ce round, 18 pour cent des localités ont été évaluées par téléphone, principalement en raison des difficultés d’accès aux zones insulaires du Lac Tchad, ciblées par des attaques armées au cours de la période de collecte de données.

Pendant ce round, une augmentation de 13 pour cent du nombre de Personnes Déplacées Internes (PDI) a été observée par rapport au round 12. Cette hausse peut s’expliquer par la dégradation des conditions de sécurité (principalement dans les sous-préfectures de Kaiga-Kindjiria, Kangalam et Liwa), ayant contraint de nombreuses personnes à se déplacer, de manière préventive ou suite à des attaques armées. Par ailleurs, parmi les PDI identifiées, 1 pour cent (4 419 personnes) ont été déplacées suite aux inondations causées par de fortes pluies dans la province du Lac. Comme lors du round précédent, des indicateurs relatifs à la connaissance de la pandémie de COVID-19 et à la mise en place de mesures préventives ont été inclus dans la collecte.

Contact

DTM Tchad, dtmtchad@iom.int

Somalia — COVID-19 Risk Communication and Community Engagement (RCCE) Assessment in IDP Sites - Round 2

In May 2020, CCCM Cluster partners carried out a Risk Communication and Community Engagement (RCCE) assessment aimed at gaining insights into communities' understanding of COVID-19, their ability to prevent and respond to the virus and preferred or most utilized channels for receiving critical COVID-19 messages. The results of this assessment were influential in reshaping RCCE campaigns. Additionally, the assessment provided an important baseline illustrating degrees of COVID-19 knowledge in internally displaced persons (IDP) communities and humanitarian stakeholders' RCCE efforts.

The objective of the second round of the CCCM RCCE assessment was to gauge progress in COVID-19 knowledge and behavorial change that has taken place since the first round of assessment in May, in addition to identifying areas for improvement. In an ever evolving COVID-19 climate, the assessment strives to demonstrate how IDP communities are coping with current COVID-19 restrictions and how humanitarian partners can support in the process. 

In total, the assessment was able to capture RCCE data from 2,025 participants in eight districts highlighting that while there has been an increase in knowledge regarding COVID-19 prevention and response, there are still opportunities to enrich information sharing activities at site-level.

Contact

DTM Somalia, IOMSomaliaDTM@iom.int

South Sudan — WASH II (Hygiene) Summary: Site And Village/Neighborhood Assessment — Mobility Tracking R8 (February – March 2020)

Mobility tracking aims to quantify the presence and needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and relocated individuals in displacement sites and host communities across South Sudan. The assessments are repeated at regular intervals to track mobility dynamics and needs over time. This summary presents the main findings on WASH hygiene from the multi-sectoral location assessment component of the eight round of Mobility Tracking in South Sudan, carried out in February - March 2020.

 

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

South Sudan — WASH I (Water) Summary: Site And Village/Neighborhood Assessment — Mobility Tracking R8 (February – March 2020)

Mobility tracking aims to quantify the presence and needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and relocated individuals in displacement sites and host communities across South Sudan. The assessments are repeated at regular intervals to track mobility dynamics and needs over time. This summary presents the main findings on WASH water access from the multi-sectoral location assessment component of the eight round of Mobility Tracking in South Sudan, carried out in February - March 2020.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int

South Sudan — Food Security & Livelihoods Summary: Site And Village/Neighborhood Assessment — Mobility Tracking R8 (February – March 2020)

Mobility tracking aims to quantify the presence and needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and relocated individuals in displacement sites and host communities across South Sudan. The assessments are repeated at regular intervals to track mobility dynamics and needs over time. This summary presents the main findings on food security and livelihoods from the multi-sectoral location assessment component of the eight round of Mobility Tracking in South Sudan, carried out in February - March 2020.

Contact

DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int