Dix-sept nouveaux déplacements et 78 nouvelles arrivées de personnes déplacées internes ont été rapportés pendant la période d’évaluation dans les 173 quartiers évalués, les chiffres les plus bas depuis le début des évaluations hebdomadaires en avril. Toutefois, la situation sécuritaire reste tendue, avec dix-huit quartiers affectés par des violences généralisées et six par des violences ciblées. Un faible séisme a été ressenti le 13 avril, causant la panique au sein de certains quartiers mais ne provoquant aucun dégât physique ou déplacement de population. Durant la période d’évaluation précédente (4 – 10 juin), la DTM estimait 462 nouveaux déplacements et 432 nouvelles arrivées de personnes déplacées internes dans 196 quartiers évalués.
The DTM Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) is deployed to track and collect information on large and sudden population movements, provide frequent updates on the scale of displacement and quantify the affected population when needed. As a sub-component of the Mobility Tracking methodology in Nigeria, ETT utilises direct observation and a broad network of key informants to capture best estimates of the affected population per location, enabling targeted humanitarian response planning.
Between 13 and 19 June 2022, a total of 5,157 new arrivals were recorded in Adamawa and Borno States. The new arrivals were recorded at locations in Askira/Uba, Bama, Damboa, Gwoza, Kala Balge, Monguno and Ngala Local Government Areas (LGAs) of the most conflict-affected state of Borno and in Demsa, Fufore, Girei, Gombi, Guyuk, Hong, Lamurde, Maiha, Michika, Mubi North, Mubi South, Numan, Song, Yola North and Yola South LGAs of Adamawa State.
ETT assessments identified the following movement triggers: communal clashes (2,498 individuals or 48%), improved security (949 individuals or 18%), poor living conditions (679 individuals or 13%), military operations (500 individuals or 10%), seasonal farming (379 individuals or 7%), fear of attack (100 individuals or 2%), lack of humanitarian assistance (29 individuals or 1%) and family re-unification (23 individuals or 1%).
Since 6th June 2022, a series of clashes between neighbouring Boshikiri community in Guyuk LGA and Kupte, Wuro Mallam Isa and Tudun Wada communities in Lamurde LGA of Adamawa state were reported which led to a sudden wave of population displacement within Adamawa State.
Fear of attacks and subsequent confirmed attacks in Ancuabe district by Non-State Armed Groups triggered the movements of 24,462 individuals within Ancuabe, Chiure, Quissanga, Balama, Mecufi, Mueda, Macomia, Montepuez, Meluco, Namuno, Nampula, Balama, Metuge and Cidade de Pemba. Approximately 1,186 IDPs have been identified with vulnerabilities. At least 39% of these movements are arrivals in Cidade de Pemba and 27% in Chiure. New arrivals recorded within the reporting period map 10,180 individuals predominantly moving into sites across Chiure, Metuge, Montepuez and Ancuabe.
The objective of the Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) - Movement Alert is to collect information on large and sudden population movements, and to provide support to humanitarian response partners by disseminating data on (Internally displaced persons) IDPs for ensuring effective humanitarian response to the affected population. Information is collected through key informant interviews or direct observation. The dashboard provides basic information on displacements, and additional information can be shared upon request. IOM identified 20,339 individual displacement movements in the previous reporting period (02-16 June). Impact of new attacks reported between 9 and 19 June in Ancuabe and Chiure districts account for the increase of displacement movements representing 24,462 individuals. Current figures are to be considered as cumulative displacement movements observed between 02-20 June.
Fear of attacks and subsequent confirmed attacks in Ancuabe and Chiure district by Non-State Armed Groups triggered the movements of 23,567 individuals to Nampula province, in the districts of Erati, Malema, Meconta, Memba, Mogincual, Nacala, Ribaue and Cidade de Nampula. Approximately 69 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) IDPs have been identified with vulnerabilities. At least 81% of these movements are arrivals from Chiure, 10% from Mecufi and 9% from Ancuabe districts. Estimated 23,567 individuals arrived in Erati district, which is main entrance of Nampula province.
The objective of the Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) - Movement Alert is to collect information on large and sudden population movements, and to provide support to humanitarian response partners by disseminating data on IDPs for ensuring effective humanitarian response to the affected population. Information is collected through key informant interviews or direct observation. The dashboard provides basic information on displacements, and additional information can be shared upon request. Impact of new attacks reported between 9 and 19 June in Ancuabe and Chiure districts account for the increase of displacement movements representing 23,567 individuals. Current figures are to be considered as cumulative displacement movements observed between 02-20 June.
Tapachula (State of Chiapas), and Tenosique (State of Tabasco), are the main receiving cities for migrants in southern Mexico. In 2021, the arrival records of the migrant population that entered Mexico through the southern border were broken, according to the records of the Mexican Commission for Refugee Assistance (COMAR), which reported 89,636 applications for recognition of refugee status in Tapachula and 7,153 applications in Tabasco.
During the second semester of the year in question, the services for migrants in the city of Tapachula presented greater demand, in the month of November the National Institute of Migration (INM) through the provision of buses transferred migrants to other states such as Puebla , Querétaro, Hidalgo, State of Mexico, Guanajuato, Sonora, Colima and Jalisco to continue with their procedures. According to the Migration Policy Unit (UPMRIP), during 2021, 307,679 events of foreigners presented or channeled by the immigration authority were registered, of which 76,333 were registered in Chiapas and 44,008 in Tabasco.
The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system to track and monitor displacement and population mobility. This study used the mobility tracking and surveys components, which are designed to quantify the presence of migrants and generate data for understanding their socioeconomic and migratory characteristics.
The study consists of three rounds of monitoring. This report gives the results of round two, corresponding to April 2022, and focuses on the findings regarding the protection of vulnerable migrants.
The cities serving as study areas are Tapachula in Chiapas and Tenosique in Tabasco, both border sites in southern Mexico.
The round two surveys of migrants were conducted during the first week of April from Monday, April 4, to Friday, April 8. In both cities, spaces such as parks, plazas, shelters, and shelter surroundings were selected as high migrant concentration points.
Out of a total of 323 interviews, 321 were effective and two were invalid (the required consent was not given); 69% of the interviews were conducted in Tapachula and 31% in Tenosique. Probability sampling, clustered by high migrant concentration points, was used.
Tapachula (Estado de Chiapas), y Tenosique (Estado de Tabasco), son las principales ciudades receptoras de personas migrantes en el sur de México. En el año 2021 se rompieron los récords de arribo de población migrante que ingresó a México por la frontera sur, según los registros de la Comisión Mexicana de Ayuda a Refugiados (COMAR), que reportó 89.636 solicitudes de reconocimiento de la condición de refugiado en Tapachula y 7.153 solicitudes en Tabasco.
Durante el segundo semestre del año en mención, los servicios para migrantes en la ciudad de Tapachula presentaron mayor demanda, en el mes de noviembre el Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM) mediante la provisión de autobuses trasladó a las personas migrantes a otros estados como Puebla, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Estado de México, Guanajuato, Sonora, Colima y Jalisco para seguir con sus trámites. De acuerdo con la Unidad de Política Migratoria (UPMRIP), durante el 2021 se registraron 307.679 eventos de personas extranjeras presentadas o canalizadas por la autoridad migratoria, de las cuales 76.333 se registraron en Chiapas y 44.008 en Tabasco.
La Matriz de Seguimiento al Desplazamiento (DTM, por sus siglas en inglés) es un sistema para seguir y monitorear el desplazamiento y la movilidad de las poblaciones. Para el presente estudio se utilizaron los subcomponentes del seguimiento de la movilidad y las encuestas, los cuales tienen como objetivo cuantificar la presencia de personas migrantes y generar datos para conocer las características socioeconómicas y migratorias de las personas migrantes.
El estudio consta de tres rondas de monitoreo, para este caso se presentan los resultados de la ronda dos, correspondiente al mes de abril de 2022, el cual se enfocará en los hallazgos encontrados en cuanto protección a personas migrantes en condición de vulnerabilidad.
El levantamiento de encuestas con personas migrantes de la ronda dos se realizó durante la primera semana de abril, comprendida del lunes 4 al viernes 8. Para ambas ciudades se seleccionaron como puntos de alta concentración de población migrante espacios como parques, plazas, albergues e inmediaciones de albergues.
Se realizaron 323 encuestas: 321 encuestas efectivas y 2 inválidas (no se contó con el consentimiento requerido), 69 por ciento de las encuestas se levantaron en Tapachula y 31 por ciento en Tenosique. Se realizó un muestreo probabilístico conglomerado por puntos de alta concentración de personas migrantes.
Nigeria's north-central and north-west zones are afflicted with a multi-dimensional crisis rooted in long-standing tensions between ethnic and religious groups and involves attacks by criminal groups and banditry/hirabah (such as kidnapping and grand larceny along major highways). During the past years, the crisis has accelerated because of the intensification of attacks and has resulted in widespread displacement across the region.
Between the 13th and 19th of June 2022, armed clashes and banditry have led to new wave of population displacement in Zamfara State. Additionally, heavy rainstorms in Kankara LGA in Katsina State have led to a number of displacements. Following these events, a rapid assessment was conducted by DTM (Displacement Tracking Matrix) field staff to inform the humanitarian community and government partners, and enable targeted response. Flash reports utilise direct observation and a broad network of key informants to gather representative data and collect information on the number, profile and immediate needs of affected populations.
During the assessment period, the DTM identified an estimated 207 individuals who were affected by the attacks and 1,600 individuals by rainstorm. A total of 202 individuals were displaced to neighbouring wards in Gusau LGA of Zamfara State as a result of the attack, while a rainstorm in Kankara LGA of Katsina State displaced about 1,597 from their places of residence. A total of 32 casualties were reported, including 24 injuries and 8 fatalities.
Surging communal violence between ethnic and religious groups, and long-standing conflicts between farming communities and with nomadic herders are prevalent across north-east Nigeria. These conflicts are predominantly centered on disputes over land and cause great insecurity and widespread displacement across the region.
In the state of Adamawa, between 06 to 09 June 2022, a series of clashes between neighbouring Dumna Ward (Boshikiri communities) in Guyuk LGA, and Lafiya Ward (Kupte, Wuro Mallam Isa and Tudun Wada communities) in Lamurde LGA in were reported. These clashes have led to new situations of forced displacement. Following these events, rapid assessments were conducted by DTM (Displacement Tracking Matrix) field staff with the purpose of informing the humanitarian community and government partners, and enable targeted response. Flash reports utilise direct observation and a broad network of key informants to gather representative data and collect information on the number, profile and immediate needs of affected populations. Additionally, on 11 June 2022, another communal clash was reported between the neigbouring Boshikiri community in Guyuk LGA of Adamawa State and the Nyuwar community in Balanga LGA of Gombe State. This is believed to be a spill over from the earlier clash between the Boshikiri community in Guyuk LGA and Kupte, Wuro Mallam Isa and Tudun Wada communities in Lamurde LGA in Adamawa State. As reported by key informants, the cause of these clashes is to be found in disputes over farming land.
The latest clashes affected a total of 8,559 individuals in 1,499 households in Lamurde LGA of Adamawa State and Balanga LGA in Gombe State. Some of the residents of these areas fled to temporary camps, others integrated in the local host community. The IDPs who were initially displaced in GDSS camp as a result of the clashes have now moved to the Bapitist Pastor's School in Dumna Ward of Guyuk LGA as school was in session. A total of 258 casualties were recorded and 413 shelters were damaged.
Durant la période d’évaluation, la situation sécuritaire est restée relativement calme dans la plupart de la zone métropolitaine, réduisant le nombre de nouveaux déplacements par rapport aux semaines antérieures. Néanmoins, dix-huit quartiers ont été affectés par des violences généralisées et deux par des violences ciblées. La majorité des nouveaux déplacements ont pris place à Torcelle (Pétion-Ville), alors que Terrain Acra 2 et Rimbole (Delmas) ont reçu le plus grand nombre des nouvelles arrivées (respectivement 142 et 80 personnes). Durant la période d’évaluation précédente (28 mai – 3 juin), la DTM estimait 565 nouveaux déplacements et 844 nouvelles arrivées de personnes déplacées internes dans 141 quartiers évalués.
The DTM Emergency Event Tracking (EET) is deployed to track sudden displacement and population movements, provide more frequent updates on the scale of displacement, and quantify the aﬀected population when needed. As a subcomponent of the new Mobility Tracking methodology in Sudan (Round Three), and activated on a need basis, EET utilises a broad network of key informants to capture best estimates of the aﬀected population presence per location – a useful tool for humanitarian response planning and design.