Yemen — Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS) Quarterly Dashboard (July - September 2023)
Sep 30 2023
- Flow Monitoring Survey
- Flow Monitoring
This dashboard compiles flow monitoring survey (FMS) data collected in Yemen between July and September 2023 and provides an analysis of migrants’ demographic and socio-economic profiles, including education and employment backgrounds, reasons for leaving their country of origin or habitual residence, future travel intentions, protection and challenges faced during the journey. Also included are migrants’ highest level of education achieved and their labour status prior to moving.
The migration routes in the southern part of Yemen are categorized along two main routes: the south-east route towards Shabwah, Hadramawt, and Al Maharah governorates and the north-east route towards Lahj and Ta’iz governorates. Both routes are traditionally travelled by a large number of migrants each year. Through the Flow Monitoring Registry tool, which focuses on total numbers of migrants (as opposed to the more detailed migrant profile established through the FMS).
DTM recorded 15,227 migrants entered Yemen through the south in the third quarter of 2023. This figure represents a significant decrease compared to the previous quarter, with nearly two thirds (62%) of all migrants were recorded in July. The remainder was recorded in August and September. The significant decrease observed since August is likely attributed to the ongoing joint military campaign initiated to combat smuggling and secure the coastline of Lahj, a well-known governorate for receiving the largest proportion of migrants. The campaign involved deploying troops, conducting raids, and establishing checkpoints.
During the third quarter of 2023, a total of 2,705 surveys were conducted. In Aden (667), Lahj (655), Ma’rib (487), Shabwah (409), Hadramawt (245) and Al Maharah (242). The overall number of surveys increased by one per cent over the previous quarter. The majority of respondents were young male adults between the age of 17 and 25 (78%) searching for economic opportunities (95%), most of whom were single (92%), attained primary education or less (60%), were currently unemployed (94%) and departed from rural areas (78%).