Yemen — Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS) Quarterly Dashboard (January - March 2023)
Mar 31 2023
- Flow Monitoring Survey
This dashboard compiles flow monitoring survey (FMS) data collected in Yemen between January and March 2023 and provides an analysis of migrants’ demographic and socio-economic profiles, including education and employment backgrounds, reasons for leaving their country of origin or habitual residence, future travel intentions, protection and challenges faced during the journey. Also included migrants’ highest level of education achieved and their labour status prior to moving.
The migration routes in the southern part of Yemen are categorized along two main routes: the south-eastern route towards Hadramout and Shabwa governorates and the north-east route towards Lahj and Ta’iz governorates. Based on historical trends both routes are traditionally travelled by a large number of migrants each year. Through the Flow Monitoring Registry tool, which focuses on total numbers of migrants (as opposed to the more detailed migrant profile established through the FMS), DTM found that 41,453 migrants entered Yemen through the south in the first quarter of 2023 – mainly through Lahj (75%) and Shabwah (24%) with a significant increase in March.</p>
During the first quarter of 2023, a total of 2,435 surveys were conducted. In Lahj (1,042), Shabwah (712), Ma’rib (174) and Aden (507 migrants). The respondents were primarily young adults between the age of 16 and 25 (83%) searching for economic opportunities (91%), most of whom were single (92%), below average educational attainment (89%), were currently unemployed (94%) and departed from rural areas (80%).