In April 2022, IOM Yemen DTM recorded 5,212 migrants entering Yemen, similar to 5,354 in March 2022. Thie relatively lower migration flow in comparison to previous months is likely related to seasonal changes including difficult weather conditions and high tides. Furthermore, the drop might also be associated with the tightening of security measures on the borders of Djibouti and Yemen.
Due to the deteriorating humanitarian crisis in Yemen and the challenges in moving towards KSA, many migrants opted to return to the Horn of Africa. DTM teams in Djibouti recorded that during April 2022, a total of 559 migrants took the risky return by boat from Yemen to travel home. Moreover, DTM recorded 5,898 Yemeni returns from KSA during the month of April 2022, compared to 7,607 in March 2022. Between 1 January and 30 April 2022, an estimated 24,864 migrants and 23,950 Yemeni migrant returnees arrived in Yemen.
The migrant caseload was around 90 per cent Ethiopian nationals, and around 10 per cent Somali nationals. The migrants are predominantly male (67%), with (22%) women, seven per cent boys and four per cent girls also among the travelers.
Through april’s reporting period, 2,262 migrants arrived from Somalia and were recorded at Ber Ali flow monitoring point in Shabwah governorate. In Lahj governorate, 2,950 migrants arrived from Djibouti, wherein 1,916 were recorded at Al Makhabah flow monitoring point (FMP), 350 at Al Aarah FMP, 239 at Al Cowhah FMP, 195 at Ras Ashareef FMP, 130 at Al Ghaseen FMP, and 121 at Al Hejaf FMP.