Between 1 January and 30 June 2020, IOM Yemen recorded 31,617 cross border migrants. Cross border migration was monitored through a network of 5 FMPs along the southern border of the country in Abyan, Hadramaut, Lahj, and Shabwah governorates.
The migrant arrivals to Yemen in the period between January and June 2020 decreased by 63%, compared to the same period in the last year 2019 due to COVID-19 related restriction they, also have caused tens of thousands of Ethiopian migrants to be stranded on their journeys. These migrants face increasing dangers throughout Yemen—a major transit country on the Horn of Africa-Arabian Gulf migration route to reach to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in search of economic opportunities.
The migrant caseload has been primarily Ethiopian (93%) and Somalis (7%), with 96% of those tracked heading for Saudi Arabia and 4% towards Yemen.
The migrants are predominantly male (72%), with 15% women and 10% boys and 3% girls also among the travelers.
Through the reporting period, the highest arrivals were observed at the Shabwah governorate with 11,708 migrants entering the Al Khabyah monitoring point and in Al Aarah monitoring point in Lahj governorate with 10,112 migrant arrivals.
In the reporting period and in the Yemeni returnees field, IOM estimates that 13,313 Yemeni returns from neighboring countries 13,054 from KSA through the Manfath Al-Wadeeah FMP in the governorate of Hadramaut and 259 from Djibouti through Al Aarah flow monitoring point in Lahj governorate.
The Yemeni returnees are predominantly male (93%), with 2% women and 3% boys and 2% girls.
Through the reporting period, the highest returns were observed at the governorates of Al Mahwit 1,495 and Sana’a 1,430.