The International Organization for Migration (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Yemen is pleased to share the biannual Flow Monitoring Dashboard on movements observed at flow monitoring points from January to June 2020. The migration has witnessed a significant decline since the emergence of the Coronavirus pandemic
From 1 January to 30 of June 2020 IOM-DTM estimates that 31,617 migrants entered Yemen and 13,313 Yemeni returned from Saudi Arabia 13,054 and Horn of Africa 259. This represents a decrease of about 63% compared to the same period in the last year 2019. The migrant caseload has been primarily Ethiopian (93%) and Somalis (7%), with 96% of those tracked heading for Saudi Arabia and 4% towards Yemen. The migrants are predominantly male (71%), with 16% women and 10% boys and 3% girls also among the travelers.
Through the January to June 2020 reporting period, the highest arrivals were observed at Shabwah governorate with 11,708 migrants entering at Al Khabyah monitoring point.
DTM’s global flow monitoring methodology aims to identify areas prone to internal, cross-border and regional migration. Mobility area assessments are conducted at the national level. DTM teams then collect information at the local level to identify key transit points. Enumerators collect data from key informants at the flow monitoring points: key informants may be transport staff, custom officers, boat operators or migrants themselves. Data is collected through a basic form combined with direct observations –enabling breakdowns.
Data collected for these exercises should be understood as estimations only. They represent only part of the total flows passing through Yemen. The spatial and temporal coverage of this data collection activity is therefore incomplete. In addition, although data is collected daily, it is collected only during peak hours. The portion of the flows that occur during the uncovered hours is not represented. Data on vulnerability is based on direct observation and should be understood as mainly indicative.