West and Central Africa — Sahel (Burkina Faso), Gao (Mali), Maradi/Tillaberi (Niger) and Katsina/Kebbi/Sokoto (Nigeria) — Transhumance Tracking Tool Early Warning Report 1 (May — June 2022)
To better understand transhumant movement trends and the impact of vulnerabilities on transhumant communities, IOM has deployed the Transhumance Tracking Tool (TTT), through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), with the Bilital Maroobe Network (RBM) and its pastoralist organization branches to monitor transhumance in cross-border areas in countries where RBM operates.
The TTT provides an understanding of the dynamics of cross-border transhumance between Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria and Mali by combining three components: mapping, counting and alerting.
The purpose of the alert system is to identify events related to the use of natural resources, agro-pastoral practices, and disasters in the cross-border area of different countries, to understand the existing conflict resolution methods, and to inform competent authorities in order to reduce tensions in the municipalities of intervention. This system makes it possible to identify alerts related to a conflict event (event alert) or to a massive, early, late or unexpected movement of livestock (prevention alert) that could lead to conflict. These alerts, once transmitted to the various actors, are used for conflict prevention or actions towards resolutions. This report presents data from the alert tool for the months of May through June 2022.