West and Central Africa — Central African Republic Situation Monthly Dashboard 9 (June 2023)
The Central African Republic (CAR), which has experienced continuous volatility for the past two decades, has been riddled by a crisis which ignited in 2012 with a violent takeover of power and has developed into a complex protracted state of permanent insecurity and fragility which has spilled over into neighbouring countries. The crisis is characterized by power struggles amongst elites, the absence of state institutions and public investment, religious and ethnic tensions and disputes for the control of key resources. More recently, the crisis in Sudan, which started in April 2023, is affecting the eastern part of the CAR witnessing arrivals of displaced populations. As of June 2023, 3,819,924 individuals were affected, including 474,822 internally displaced persons (13% of the displaced population), 2,063,885 returnees former IDPs (54%), 503,019 returnees from abroad (13%) and 778,198 refugees (20%). In the CAR, the largest displaced population consists of former IDP returnees. Refugees from the CAR are primarily hosted by Cameroon (350,428 individuals, or 45% of the refugees), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) (210,238 individuals, or 27% of the refugees) and Chad (127,934 individuals, or 16% of the refugees).