Ukraine Response — Regional Analysis — Ukrainians and TCNs Crossing Back to Ukraine in 2023




DTM Europe,
Period Covered
Jan 01 2023
Dec 31 2023
  • Survey
  • Return Intention
  • Flow Monitoring

The Ukrainians and Third Country Nationals Crossing Back to Ukraine report presents findings from face-to-face interviews with individuals crossing back into Ukraine from five neighboring countries (Hungary, Poland, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, and Slovakia).

The findings in this report are based off on 27,653 surveys collected by DTM in 2023 and focuses in particular on the 6,086 surveys of adult individuals going to Ukraine during the fourth quarter of 2023 (October and December, Q4). Almost all (99%) of those who surveyed were Ukrainians, and a very small proportion (1%) were Third-Country Nationals (TCNs).

In Q4 of 2023, 31 per cent of Ukrainian respondents were prospective returnees (intended to stay in Ukraine), while 49 per cent planned to go for a short visit (short-time visitors). Another 20 per cent were unsure about the length of their visit.

The report delves into the socio-demographic profiles, reasons for return, duration of displacement, oblasts of origin and destination, needs and assistance, and experiences of discrimination of the surveyed individuals. The report also provides information on individuals who have already returned to Ukraine after a period of displacement abroad as well as those in Latvia who plan to transit through the Russian Federation to reach areas of non-government-controlled areas in Ukraine.