Over the years, Uganda has increasingly faced climate change and environmental related problems with the mountainous sub regions of Rwenzori and Elgon being the most hit. Between September – December 2019 Uganda received unprecedented rains that caused devastating floods and landslides that affected mostly districts in the Eastern, Western and Northern regions of the country. According to the Office of the Prime Minister, disaster department, the floods had displaced over 65,250 people. The affected population suffered severe impacts such as displacement, lack of access to safe water, limited access to health care services and other services due to damaged infrastructure and food insecurity among others. Additionally, at the beginning of May 2020, Kasese district, in the Rwenzori region, faced new devastating rains which ravaged homes, infrastructures such hospitals, roads, bridges, and water points forcing the population to migrate to different areas.
Recognizing the importance of accurate and comprehensive data, IOM, through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) methodology, in collaboration with district authorities and key community informants conducted a baseline assessment to inform on the situation in the flood affected districts of Eastern and Western Uganda to support evidence-based decision making, and better responses.