According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) currently there are more than 4 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians (3,657,694 individuals) who are granted the temporary protection status. In addition, asylum-seekers and refugees from countries including Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq and Somalia constitute another significant group of foreign nationals. According to UNHCR, as of end of February 2019, there are 368,230 asylum-seekers and refugees present in Turkey. In addition, there are 1,065,446 foreign nationals under residence permit holder status including humanitarian residence holders.
Turkey implements a temporary protection regime for 3,657,694 individuals from the Syrian Arab Republic which grants beneficiaries right to legally stay in Turkey as well as some level of access to basic services. A vast majority of them, 3,594,110 individuals, live outside of formal camps and are spread across the Turkish border provinces while nearly 63,584 live in seven formal camps the majority of which are also located close to the Syrian border.