From July to September 2020, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) conducted a total of 12,316 registrations in Sudan – 95 per cent of which were internally displaced persons (IDPs) and five per cent returnees from internal displacement. Ongoing conflict between deflected factions of the Sudan Liberation Army – Abdel Wahid (SLA-AW) led to violent clashes and the displacement of 8,846 IDPs – subsequently registered in Wasat Jabal Marrah, Central Darfur. DTM also registered 560 returnees in Wasat Jabal Marrah. Furthermore, secondary displacement of Sudanese returnees from South Sudan continued, with an additional 2,910 IDPs being registered in Kadugli, South Kordofan, since the previous report.
DTM conducted 98,751 registrations of flood-affected populations in North and South Darfur. Heavy rains across the country since mid-July caused widespread flooding, landslides, destruction of infrastructure, houses and livelihoods – leading to the declaration of a three-month State of Emergency on 4 September. Death and injury amongst affected populations was widely reported, in addition to the loss of livestock, contamination of essential water supplies and the high risk of spreading water-borne and vector-borne diseases.
Finally, DTM resumed its registrations of incoming South Sudanese into Sudan (680 individuals being registered) in Diffra, Abyei PCA Area – DTM’s flow monitoring point between South Sudan and Sudan. The border point re-opened in July after having been closed since March 2020 as a mitigation measure against the spread of COVID-19 throughout the region.