Slovakia — Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine: Needs, Intentions, and Integration Challenges (April-June 2023)
Jun 30 2023
- Return Intention
This report is based on a survey of displacement patterns, needs and intentions conducted by IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in 11 countries included in the Regional Response Plan for Ukraine in 2023: 6 countries neighbouring Ukraine — Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Romania and Slovakia — and 5 other countries particularly impacted by the arrivals of refugees from Ukraine since the start of the war in February 2022 — Bulgaria, Czechia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Slovakia — Key Findings:
- Top oblasts of origin: Kharkivska (16%), Zakarpatska (14%), Donetska oblast (11%) and Kyiv city (12%)
- Intention to move: 79% have no intention to move, 5% want to move to a different country (Top 3 destinations were: Germany, Ireland, Canada), 5% would like to return to their region of origin in Ukraine.
- Education level: 53% completed tertiary, 3% post-secondary and 33% upper secondary education.
- Employment status: 32% employed and 29% unemployed respondents (6% of the unemployed were not looking for a job). The rest were retired, students, or persons on maternity or paternity leave.
- Immediate needs: Health services (50%), financial support (48%), medicine (45%), language courses (34%), education for adults (31%).*
- Inclusion challenges: Financial issues (45%), language barriers (26%), access to services (26%).*
*Multiple answers possible.