This research was conducted under the project, “Protection and Assistance to Vulnerable Migrants in West and Central Africa” funded by the United States Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM). This project aims to protect the most vulnerable migrants, including unaccompanied children, women and single mothers, victims of trafficking, and medical cases. This research aims to determine gold miners’ migration profile and better understand migration dynamics to and from targeted gold mining sites (incentive factors, initial movements, etc.) and the systems facilitating this mobility. It also seeks to assess challenges associated with protecting vulnerable people around gold mining sites. Data collection was conducted between July and August 2019 in the Kédougou Region, in the gold mining sites of both Tinkoto and Kharakhena.