Romania — Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine: Needs, Intentions, and Integration Challenges (April - June 2023)
Jun 30 2023
This report is based on a survey of displacement patterns, needs and intentions conducted by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the 11 countries included in the Regional Response Plan for Ukraine in 2023: 6 countries neighbouring Ukraine – Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Romania and Slovakia – and other 5 countries particularly impacted by the arrivals of refugees from Ukraine since the start of the war in February 2022 – Bulgaria, Czechia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
• High inclusion rate: 78% applied to EU temporary protection, 68% of the UA children are enrolled in a school, 50% registered to healthcare services.
• Employment status: unemployed and not looking for a job (35%), applied for a job (23%), employed (22%), retirement or student status (22%). • Intention to stay: already settled (44%), yes (37%), does not know (7%), transiting (8%) Ukrainian residence (3%).
• Top areas of assistance received*: food supplies (54%), accommodation (48%), sanitary supplies (47%) or financial support (47%).
• Top inclusion challenges*: housing (15%), financial issues (14%) language (13%), lack of information (12%).
• Main needs*: financial support (54%), general information (51%), health services (34%), long term accommodation (34%) and food supplies (28%).
*more than one answer possible