Poland – Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine: Needs, Intentions, and Integration Challenges (Jan-Mar 2023)
Mar 31 2023
This report is based on a survey of displacement patterns, needs and intentions conducted by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the 11 countries included in the Regional Response Plan for Ukraine in 2023: 6 countries neighbouring Ukraine – Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Romania and Slovakia – and other 5 countries particularly impacted by the arrivals of refugees from Ukraine since the start of the war in February 2022 – Bulgaria, Czechia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Poland - Key findings:
- Top oblasts of origin: Kyiv City (11%), Vinnytska (10%), Ternopilska (9%), Kharkivska (8%), Dnipropetrovska (7%), Chernivetska (6%).
- Intentions to move: return to Ukraine (56%), no intention to move (39%), to another country (3%), where top three countries were Germany, Canada and Norway.
- Employment status: employed (28%), unemployed and not looking for a job (18%), unemployed and looking for a job (17%), retired (20%).
- Top needs: financial support (52%), health services (31%), medicines (29%), long-term accommodation (27%).
- Top areas of assistance among aid recipients:* food (92%), financial support (77%), personal hygiene (73%), clothes (65%), accommodation (63%).
- Top inclusion challenges: financial issues (43%), language (40%), employment (22%), housing (21%), school access (15%).