Poland – Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine: Needs, Intentions, and Integration Challenges (Jan-Mar 2023)




DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int, IOMDTMPoland@iom.int
Period Covered
Jan 01 2023
Mar 31 2023
  • Survey

This report is based on a survey of displacement patterns, needs and intentions conducted by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the 11 countries included in the Regional Response Plan for Ukraine in 2023: 6 countries neighbouring Ukraine Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Republic  of  Moldova, Romania and Slovakia and other 5 countries particularly impacted by the arrivals of refugees from Ukraine since the start of the war in February 2022 Bulgaria, Czechia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

Poland - Key findings:

  • Top oblasts of origin: Kyiv City (11%), Vinnytska (10%), Ternopilska (9%), Kharkivska (8%), Dnipropetrovska (7%), Chernivetska (6%).
  • Intentions to move: return to Ukraine (56%), no intention to move (39%), to another country (3%), where top three countries were Germany, Canada and Norway.
  • Employment status: employed (28%), unemployed and not looking  for  a  job  (18%), unemployed and looking for a job (17%), retired (20%).
  • Top needs: financial support (52%), health services (31%), medicines   (29%), long-term accommodation (27%).
  • Top areas of assistance among aid recipients:* food (92%), financial support (77%), personal hygiene (73%), clothes (65%), accommodation (63%).
  • Top inclusion  challenges:  financial issues (43%), language (40%), employment (22%), housing (21%), school access (15%).