Pakistan — Quarterly Flow Monitoring of Undocumented Afghan Returnees from Pakistan (January- March 2023)




DTM Pakistan,
Period Covered
Jan 01 2023
Mar 31 2023
  • Flow Monitoring

IOM Pakistan collects data on the outflows of undocumented Afghan nationals at the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points in an effort to better understand the migration movements of undocumented Afghan nationals returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan. Key findings during this reporting period are:

• Between January and March 2023, 20,002 undocumented Afghan nationals spontaneously returned to Afghanistan, including 10,008 through the Torkham border point and 9,994 through the Chaman border point. Border authorities facilitated the return of 2,246 individuals due to the lack of legal documentation to remain in Pakistan. Therefore, information concerning these 2,246 individuals is not included in the count.

• Although IOM identified 20,002 undocumented Afghan returnees at two border crossings, this may not reflect the total number of undocumented Afghan returnees. Moreover, for this study, only the head of household or representative of the family were interviewed. This means that the number of interviews conducted by the enumerators is lower than the number of returnees recorded by IOM. Between January and March 2023, IOM interviewed 844 respondents.

• The average family size of returnees was seven individuals and seven per cent of all returnees recorded during the reporting period were categorized as vulnerable persons. • All returnees were carrying personal belongings when surveyed. They also traveled with additional items, such as household items (98%), cash (97%), productive assets (89%), transportation vehicles (4%) and livestock (1%).

• The top three challenges returnees expected to face in Afghanistan were: arranging livelihood, settling into a new city and finding better income opportunities.