Nigeria — Displacement Report 29 (November 2019)

30 Dec 2019 Nigeria Round 29 Download
This report of the Round 29 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) assessment by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) aims to improve the understanding about the scope of internal displacements, returns and the needs of affected populations in conflict-affected states of northeastern Nigeria. The report covers the period of 8 August to 8 October 2019 and reflects trends from the six most affected north-eastern states of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and
For Round 29; 2,035,232 individuals were recorded as displaced in affected states, an increase of less than one per cent or 16,719 compared with 2,018,513 IDPs that were recorded in Round 28. This is in-line with the previous round of assessment that was published in August 2019. Communal clashes and flooding due to heavy rains also played a part in increasing population mobility.
The figure is almost at par with the number of displaced persons recorded in Round 25, conducted before escalating violence was observed in October 2018, when a significantly higher number of Local Government Areas (LGAs) and wards were accessible. In the DTM Round 25 assessment, 2,026,602 people were recorded as IDPs. Given that accessibility is still low and yet the numbers of IDPs are steadily climbing, it can be inferred that actual displacement figures are at a much higher level.
To gain insights into the profiles of IDPs, interviews were conducted with 4 per cent of the identified IDP population — 86,530 displaced persons — during this round of assessments. The information collated and analysed in this report includes the reasons for displacement, places of origin and shelter types, mobility patterns, and unfulfilled needs of the displaced populations.
Additionally, site assessments were conducted in 2,388 locations (up from 2,385 in the last round of assessment, published in August 2019). The purpose was to better understand the gaps in services provided and the needs of the affected population. These sites included 293 (down from 294 in last round of assessment) camps and camp-like settings, and 2,095 locations where IDPs were residing with host communities. Site assessments included an analysis of sector-wide needs, including shelter and non-food items, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food and nutrition, health, education, livelihood, security, communication, and protection.
Given that the State of Borno is the most affected by conflict-related displacements, this report specifically emphasizes the related analysis and data. Lastly, this report includes analyses on the increasing number of returnees, profiles of their initial displacement, shelter conditions of returnees, and health, education, livelihood, market, assistance and WASH facilities available to the returnees.


DTM Nigeria,