Kenya – Mobility Tracking and Multi-sectoral Location Assessment in Turkana County Round #2 (June 2023)




Snapshot Date
May 02 2024
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Baseline Assessment

To assess drought-induced mobility and identify the most urgent sectoral needs experienced by the community, the IOM
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Mobility Tracking and Multi-Sectoral Location Assessment (MSLA) baseline assessment
was deployed in 2022 in Turkana County. A second round of data collection for mobility tracking took place between May
and June 2023, presented here. Key findings from this assessment included: 

• Between November 2022 and May 2023, the reported primary driver of displacement shifted from drought to
forced displacement due to resource -based conflict and ethnic clashes.
• Almost all arrival households (96% or 15,024 households) arrived at sub-locations in May 2023 that already
struggled with the severe effects of drought, resource-based conflict, and ethnic clashes.
• 78 per cent of returnees temporarily resided in Turkana in a location outside their immediate area of
origin, suggesting prevalent internal migration within the county.
• 19,515 child-headed households were identified. Of these, 1,622 (8%) had no relatives or community members
living near them and were separated from their legal or customary guardians.
• 6,216 children were without permanent sources of support.
• Almost half (48%) of the assessed sub-locations that reported loss of livestock reported child labour (whether
within or outside the ward) as a coping strategy, while around one quarter (24%) of sub-locations reported early
marriage of boys and girls as a key coping strategy.