Haiti — Populations Flow Monitoring — Impact of insecurity on movements of people from the capital to provinces #2 (08 — 14 March 2024)




DTM Haiti, dtmhaiti@iom.int
Period Covered
Mar 08 2024
Mar 14 2024
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring Survey
  • Flow Monitoring

Since 29 February 2024, several neighborhoods in the Metropolitan Area of Port-au-Prince (MAPAP), the capital of Haiti, have been targeted by increased armed attacks. Nearly 15,000 people were displaced following these attacks (see ETT 39.1). In addition to creating displacement within the MAPAP, attacks and generalized insecurity are pushing more and more people to leave the capital to find refuge in provinces, taking the risks of passing through gangs-controlled routes. In order to monitor these movements towards provinces and inform appropriate response strategies, DTM has launched data collection at several of the most used bus stations in the capital (see page 5 for more details on the methodology). Since the start of this activity, on 8 March, until 14 March, this activity allowed to observe the movements of 16,947 people leaving the MAPAP (see pages 3 and 4 for more details on the profile of these people ). The majority of them (60%) took means of transport heading towards the Grand Sud departments (Grande’Anse, South, Nippes and South-East). It should be noted that this region already hosts more than 116,000 people who had in vast majority, fled the MAPAP in recent months (see the report on displacement in the Grand Sud).

Individual interviews with a sample indicated that 83% of people left the MAPAP because of violence and insecurity. 76% were already internally displaced before leaving the MAPAP. 96% intend to stay in the provinces in Haiti, 3% to leave for the Dominican Republic and less than 1% for the United States and Brazil.