Estonia — Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine: Needs, Intentions, and Integration Challenges (Jan-Mar 2023)




DTM Europe,
Period Covered
Jan 01 2023
Mar 31 2023
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring

This report is based on a survey of displacement patterns, needs and intentions conducted by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the 11 countries included in the Regional Response Plan for Ukraine in 2023: 6 countries neighbouring Ukraine Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Republic  of  Moldova, Romania and Slovakia and other 5 countries particularly impacted by the arrivals of refugees from Ukraine since the start of the war in February 2022 Bulgaria, Czechia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

Estonia - Key findings:

  • Top oblasts of origin: Kyiv City (13%), Khersonska (12%), Kharkivska (11%), Donetska (10%), Zaporizka (8%), Dnipropetrovska (8%).
  • Intentions to move: no intention to move (88%), move to place of origin in Ukraine (3%), to another country (1%), where top two countries were Finland and Spain.
  • Employment status: employed (36%), unemployed and looking for a job (33%), unemployed and not looking for a job (5%), retired (11%).
  • Top needs upon return:* employment (27%), health services (26%), financial support (25%), documentation and registration (15%).
  • Top areas of assistance received:* free transportation (86%), food products (70%), financial support (54%), long-term accommodation (33%).
  • Top inclusion challenges:* employment (25%), language (24%), housing (17%), recognition of professional skills, diplomas (9%), financial issues (8%).