East And Horn Of Africa – Flow Monitoring Survey Quarterly Dashboard (April - June 2021)
This dashboard compiles flow monitoring survey (FMS) data collected in Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia between April and June 2021, and provides an analysis of migrants’ demographic and socio-economic profiles, including education and employment backgrounds; reasons for leaving their country of origin or habitual residence; future travel intentions; awareness of the COVID-19 outbreak; and challenges faced as a result of it. In addition, the revised FMS form has also been enhanced with labour mobility and human development (LHD) indicators with a particular focus on the migrants’ highest level of education achieved and main subject areas, their labour status before migration, as well as the impact of COVID-19 on remittances. Inter-regional migration from and within the East and Horn of Africa is categorized along three main routes: the Eastern Route towards the Arabian Peninsula; the Northern Route towards North Africa and Europe; and the Southern Route towards Southern Africa. Based on historical trends, the Eastern Route is traditionally travelled by the largest number of migrants each year, the majority of whom are Ethiopians. During the second quarter of 2021, a total of 9,962 surveys were conducted in Djibouti (760), Ethiopia (2,694) and Somalia (6,508). The overall number of surveys increased by 4 per cent since the previous quarter as the relaxation of mobility restrictions continued in the region. Similar to the previous quarter, most respondents displayed awareness of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic (83%); males (86%) were on average more aware than females (77%).