DRC – Mobility Tracking Round 2 Atlas (May 2023)
May 04 2023
- Mobility Tracking
- Baseline Assessment
IOM - through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) - has conducted Mobility Tracking (MT) assessments since 2018. These exercises are implemented in Ituri, North and South Kivu, and Tanganyika provinces with the objective of providing estimates on the presence, number of affected population groups (IDPs, returnees), reasons for displacement, length of displacement and specific needs within defined locations.
The summary statistics presented in this report are pulled from the latest Mobility Tracking rounds for each province which took place between February and May 2023 to produce an aggregated overview of the displacement situation in the eastern DRC. In the four eastern provinces, comprising Ituri, North-Kivu, South Kivu, and Tanganyika, in April 2023 DTM identified 6,135,363 internally displaced people (IDPs) and 3,967,874 returnees, present in 67 per cent of assessed villages. DTM estimates that the highest proportion (41%) of IDPs (2,544,880 individuals) are in North Kivu, followed by 28 per cent (1,727,808) in Ituri, 25 per cent (1,514,280) in South Kivu and 6 per cent (348,395) in Tanganyika. Among displaced people living in host families, the main reasons for displacement are attacks by armed groups (84%), inter-community conflict (12%) and natural disasters (3%). At the time of the assessment, an estimated 1,082,015 people were displaced by the M23 crisis, including a significant proportion (22%) of those in collective sites and centers.