In the framework of the COVID-19 emergency, since March 19, 2020, the Government of Costa Rica has kept its land border with Panama closed for the Controlled Flow Binational Operation, which sought an orderly and safe migration of migrants moving through the Americas.
From August 2021 to March 2022, the Government of Panama reports the entry into Panama of 102,122 migrants: Haiti (56%), Cuba (11%), Brazil (7%), Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (6%), Chile (6%) among other countries in South America, Africa and Asia (13%).
In Costa Rica, during 2022, a steady increase in the number of migrants of this migration flow has been identified (as of April 2022 it has increased by 30% compared to December 2021, when the monitoring of flows in Costa Rica began). According to data from the General Directorate of Migration and Aliens (DGME), during May 2021 and February 2022, 5,426 rejections were reported in Paso Canoas.
In Costa Rica, many vulnerabilities are perceived: pregnant women, children under five years of age, emotional exhaustion caused by stress, anguish and frustration. In addition, the main needs detected are associated with access to food, shelter, medical assistance and safety during their migration journey.