Belarus — Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine: Needs, Intentions, and Integration Challenges (Jan-Mar 2023)
Mar 31 2023
- Flow Monitoring
- Mobility Tracking
This report is based on a survey of displacement patterns, needs and intentions conducted by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the 11 countries included in the Regional Response Plan for Ukraine in 2023: 6 countries neighbouring Ukraine – Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Romania and Slovakia – and other 5 countries particularly impacted by the arrivals of refugees from Ukraine since the start of the war in February 2022 – Bulgaria, Czechia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Belarus - Key findings:
- Top oblasts of origin: Donetska (33%), Luhanska (16%) and Kharkivska (12%).
- Intentions to move: no intention to move (62%); move back to the region of origin in Ukraine (2%), or to another location in Ukraine (0.4%); move to another country (16%), mainly to the Russian Federation, Poland, and Germany; move within Belarus (1.6%).
- Sources for covering daily expenses:* support from family (50%), support from NGOs (38%), income (38%), savings (34%).
- Top needs:* financial support (84%), food supply (74%), personal hygiene items (64%), health services (48%), clothes and shoes (44%).
- Top integration challenges:* financial issues (56%), long-term housing (11%), suitable job (6%), access to social services (3%).
* more than one answer possible