DTM Yemen - Flow Monitoring Datasets - May 2024


Public Dataset


  • Flow Monitoring
Period Covered
May 01 2024 -
May 31 2024

In May 2024, the IOM Yemen DTM reported 1,685 migrants entering Yemen, a 14 per cent increase from the total figure reported in the previous month (1,479 migrants). Most migrants (90%) left from Bari Region in Somalia (1,510), while the remaining ten per cent left from Obock, Djibouti. 

Among the total migrants recorded, 13 per cent were children, 26 per cent were women, and 62 per cent were men). Furthermore, 80 per cent of migrants stated that conflict was the primary reason encourage them for leaving their country of origin.

Typically, Lahj serves as an entry point for migrants departing through Djibouti whereas Shabwah serves as an entry point for migrants departing through Somalia. However, all migrants departed from Djibouti and Somalia in this reporting period arrived in coastal area of Shabwah Governorate due joint military campaign targeting the coastline of Lahj Governorate. The campaign aiming at reducing and stopping the arrival of migrants by intercepting boats and detaining smugglers. Since it started in August 2023, the campaign resulted a near-zero arrival of migrant flow through this route in the subsequent months with a single exception in December 2023 when boat transported 110 migrants ashore.

The DTM team identified 4,010 Yemeni returnees in May 2024, a 21 per cent decrease compared to the number of returnees in April (5,046 individuals). Additionally, the team recorded a total of 221 migrants that were deported from Oman back to Deifen Point in Shahan district of Al Maharah governorate, Yemen. All deported migrants from Oman were Ethiopian nationals.

The worsening humanitarian crisis in Yemen has compelled many migrants to make difficult decision to return to their home countries in the Horn of Africa, some have reportedly been deported by authorities. In May 2024, the DTM recorded a total of 750 migrants leaving Yemen either voluntarily or were deported by boat from Yemen. This group was composed of 90 per cent men, nine per cent women, and one per cent children.

Furthermore, in May 2024, the Djibouti DTM team reported a total of 1,240 migrants (91% men, 8% women, and 1% children) arrived in Djibouti from Yemen after undertaking a perilous journey back home. These figures underscore the significant challenges migrants in Yemen face and the desperate circumstances that have led them to risk dangerous sea voyages.

Population Groups

Migrants Present

Survey Methodology

Unit of Analysis Or Observation

Admin Area 2


Type of Survey or Assessment

Key Informant


Geographical Scope Partial Coverage

Administrative boundaries with available data

The current dataset covers the following administrative boundaries