IOM Migrants’ Presence Monitoring Programme (MPM) is coordinated jointly with the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) which is the national leading agency dealing with migration issues in Turkey since 2016. The methodology and operational implementation of the MPM Programme activities are based on IOM’s DTM model which seeks to improve the information management capacity and aims to ensure that information and data on migrant/refugee presence are collected and corroborated in accordance with the applicable procedures.

Turkey’s central geopolitical location on the Eastern Mediterranean Sea Route and its proximity to countries witnessing internal crises (e.g. Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan) has placed the country under sustained migratory pressure. Currently, more than 3.9 million foreign nationals are present in Turkish territory. To gain valuable insight into their presence, flows, locations, intentions and vulnerabilities of refugees and migrants living in Turkey, International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Migrant Presence Monitoring Programme (MPM), part of the global Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), conducted a MPM Baseline Assessment. This baseline tracks migrant presence in Turkey and creates a database that enables the Government of Turkey (GoT), humanitarian aid organizations and other migration-related stakeholders to understand and address the scale and complexity of the current migration flows to and through Turkey as well as the stock of refugees and migrants present in the country.

Baseline assessment consists of two phases: Baseline 1 and Baseline 2. Baseline 1 assessment includes collecting official data accessed, at provincial and sub-provincial level, in coordination with Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM). Baseline 2 assessment, on the other hand, consists of data collection on migrants’ presence at neighbourhood and village level. These data are obtained from the interviews with mukhtars and other key informants, the local authorities in neighbourhoods (urban) and villages (rural) which are acknowledged as the smallest administrative units in Turkey. Baseline 2 collects data including the number of migrants and their countries of origin. As a final phase, such data are compared to those obtained in Baseline 1 in order to achieve analytical results. In this assessment, provincial, sub-provincial and neighbourhood village units with local authorities are taken into account as administrative division units.