Assessment Report

Philippines — Typhoon Haiyan Displacement Report (May 2014)

According to the Government of the Philippine’s Disaster Response Operations Monitoring and Information Center (DROMIC), some 4 million people were internally displaced from their homes due to the Typhoon Haiyan (local name Yolanda) disaster- over a quarter of the entire affected population of 14 to 16 million people. Six months on, while most displaced people have remained in their original homes areas or returned to them, more than 2 million people are still living without adequate shelter or durable housing. This includes over 26,000 displaced people still living in temporary or transitional collective displacement sites. Furthermore, an estimated 200,000 people are awaiting clarification on whether they will be permitted to return or to stay and settle in homes that may be categorized as unsafe due to their vulnerability to further storms and other hazards.

During the first six months since the typhoon made landfall, more than two hundred assessments and other reports have been published to inform the response to the situation. Without further filtering and analysis across this profusion of information it is difficult to know whether the situation of all displaced people and their differentiated needs have been included in monitoring and assessments used to guide government and humanitarian priorities. Where some displaced people are less visible, or their specific concerns have been poorly recognised, their displacement-related needs put them at risk of becoming increasingly vulnerable – including to further disaster and displacement. Progress towards sustainable solutions for all displaced men, women and children is key to the recovery and resilience of both the displaced and wider affected population.

This report draws together information from selected government and humanitarian sources to provide an overall understanding of displacement patterns and trends and of related needs and issues faced by displaced men, women and children in all geographical areas and settings. It aims to provide the Government, operational actors and donors with a more holistic understanding of the complex and dynamic picture of displacement involving multiple locations, phases and types of movement of people with different and changing needs over time. It also highlights apparent gaps in information and analysis that should be considered for increased attention to inform the on-going and longer-term process of achieving safe, dignified and sustainable solutions for internally displaced people.

Contact

IOM Philippines, IOMPhilippines@iom.int

Costa Rica - Reporte de Situación (Sitrep) — 21 de Octubre 2022

Costa Rica, al igual que el resto de la región centroamericana, se ha caracterizado por ser un corredor migratorio para personas que recorren de manera terrestre desde el sur hasta el norte de América y que tienen como destino los países del norte del continente. Este flujo en movilidad por las Américas se encuentra compuesto principalmente por nacionales de Haití, Cuba, la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, así como otros países de Suramérica, África y Asia.

A partir de los datos reportados por la Estación de Recepción Migratoria (ERM) de Los Planes, Gualaca, Panamá, durante el 2022 ha aumentado el flujo migratorio en comparación con el 2021 (Gráfico 1): hasta octubre de 2022 ya habían ingresado más de 60,000 persona más que la cantidad total de personas que ingresaron en el año 2021.

Desde enero a junio de 2022, a través del monitoreo de flujos de personas en situación de movilidad por las Américas realizado por OIM Costa Rica y Panamá1 , se encontró que el que el 84% de las personas encuestadas indicaron que planeaban quedarse en Costa Rica un día o menos. Asimismo, el Gobierno de Panamá reportó que las personas que ingresaron al país y que conforman este flujo en su mayoría fueron personas venezolanas (80%), ecuatorianas (5%), haitianas (5%) y colombianas (3%).

Contact

DTM Costa Rica, DTMCostarica@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring

- Беларусь - ОПРОС О ПЕРЕМЕЩЕНИЯХ ГРАЖДАН УКРАИНЫ, ГРАЖДАН ТРЕТЬИХ СТРАНИ ДРУГИХ МИГРАНТОВ (1 сентября–30ноября2022года)

С февраля 2022 года число беженцев из Украины и граждан третьих стран, въехавших в Беларусь продолжало расти. По информации Государственного пограничного комитета Республики Беларуси по состоянию на 16 декабря 2022 года с 24 февраля 2022 года в Беларусь въехало 70,935 граждан Украины. Наибольшее количество из них въехало из Польши (43,801) и Украины (15,890), за которыми следуют въехавшие из Литвы (9,344) и Латвии (1,900).

Настоящий отчет основан на 805 интервью, проведенных МОМ в Беларуси в координации с Министерством внутренних дел Республики Беларусь и Белорусским Красным Крестом в период с 1 сентября по 30 ноября 2022 года группой из 28 интервьюеров, работавших во всех шести регионах Беларуси: в столице Минске (проведено 86 интервью), Минской области (85 интервью), а также в областях: Витебской (54 интервью), Могилевской (47 интервью), Гродненской (91 интервью), Брестской (313 интервью) и Гомельской (129 интервью). Это итоговый отчет второго раунда Матрицы учета перемещений в Беларуси в 2022 году.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Belarus — Displacement Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine, TCNs and other migrants, Round 2 (01 September – 30 November 2022)

Since February 2022, an increasing number of refugees from Ukraine and Third Country Nationals (TCNs) entered Belarus. As of 16th of December 2022, the Belarusian State Border Committee has reported 70,935 arrivals from Ukraine since 24 February 2022. The largest numbers entered from Poland (43,801) and from Ukraine (15,890), followed by those entered from Lithuania (9,344) and Latvia (1,900).

This report is based on 805 interviews conducted by IOM’s DTM Belarus in coordination with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus and the Belarusian Red Cross between 01 September and 30 November 2022 by a team of 28 enumerators deployed in all six regions of Belarus: in Minsk (capital) (86 interviews conducted), Minsk (region (85 interviews), and in the regions of Vitebsk (54 interviews), Mogilev (47 interviews), Grodno (91 interviews), Brest(313 interviews), and Gomel (129 interviews). This is the final report of Round 2 of DTM in Belarus in 2022.

Contact

DTM Europe, DTMMediterranean@iom.int

Nigeria — Flood Rapid Needs Assessment Dashboard — Cross River State (30 December 2022)

The rainy season in Nigeria typically occurs annually with the greatest concentration between the months of June and September. Many states in Nigeria have been affected by unprecedented heavy rainfalls and floods have devastated various communities. Infrastructure, crops, and shelters have been damaged which led to decimated livelihoods and the displacement of numerous households. Over the past months, the increasing climate variability and the release of excess water from the Lagdo dam in northern Cameroon, have worsened the flood situation which resulted in a renewed situation of widespread displacement across Nigeria.
Between 28 November to 5 December 2022, DTM, in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the Cross River State Emergency Management Agency (CREMA) and the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NCRS) identified 59,248 individuals in 12,967 households that were affected by the floods in the 9 LGAs of Cross River state that were assessed.

Contact

DTM Nigeria, iomnigeriadtm@iom.int

Methdology

Event Tracking

Mali – Rapport sur l'indice de stabilité (Septembre 2022)

L’année 2022 est marquée par des mouvements de populations très complexes, avec des cas de retour, y compris des retours non réussis, des déplacements de courte durée ont continué également a être signalés dans différentes régions du pays. Une proportion importante de personnes déplacées internes vivaient encore dans les centres urbains du pays dans des conditions précaires et avec des besoins d’assistances permanents, le reste de la population déplacée étant dispersée dans les zones rurales, dans des familles d’accueils ou sur des sites auto-installés. L’amélioration des conditions de sécurité dans certaines localités a permis de faciliter le retour de certains ménages, mais de nombreux obstacles persistent, les empêchant de trouver des solutions durables à leur déplacement.

Afin de trouver des solutions durables au déplacement interne - que ce soit par le retour dans les localités d’origine, l’intégration locale ou la réinstallation - et de prévenir de nouveaux déplacements dans les différentes régions, il est essentiel de comprendre les niveaux relatifs de stabilité dans les lieux accueillant des retournés ou des populations déplacées internes. Par conséquent, la Direction Nationale du Développement Social (DNDS) en collaboration avec l’OIM, a lancé l’enquête de l’Indice de Stabilité (IS) pour évaluer la stabilité des zones accueillant des retournés ou des populations déplacées. L’IS cherche à comprendre quels facteurs influencent la stabilité d’un lieu, ce qui peut éclairer les interventions programmatiques prioritaires le long du lien humanitaire, de paix et de développement afin de renforcer la résilience et la stabilité et de prévenir de futurs déplacements forcés.

 

Contact

DTM Mali, DTMMali@iom.int

Türkiye — Migrant Presence Monitoring - Quarterly Migrant Presence Monitoring (October-December 2022)

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Presidency of Migration Management (PMM), there are more than 5.2* million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory, 3.9* million of whom are seeking international protection. Most are Syrians (3,535,898* individuals) who are granted temporary protection status. In addition, international protection applicants from
countries including Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq constitute another group of foreign nationals. According to PMM, there were 29,256* international protection applicants present in Türkiye in 20211, published annually. Moreover, according to UNHCR**, there were 318,903 refugees and asylum-seekers in Türkiye as of mid of 2022. Since September 2022 the number of Syrians residing in camps has decreased by 481.

Contact

DTM Turkey, dtmturkey@iom.int

Knowledge Bite # 6 – Longitudinal Evidence on Sustainable Reintegration Outcomes

This sixth Knowledge Bite focuses on the analysis of the DTM REMAP’s Returnee Longitudinal Survey (RLS). The RLS was conducted in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iraq and Pakistan based on three rounds of data collection in each country. The analysis follows previous Knowledge Bites that relied on the Reintegration Sustainability Survey (RSS) and focuses on four reintegration scores of returnees: economic, social, psychosocial and a composite one. The RLS was collected from 2020 to 2022. As such, the dynamics reported in this Knowledge Bite should be interpreted in the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, and in the case of Afghanistan, the political transition by the De Facto Authorities (DFA) and its economic impact on the country.

Contact

dtmremapsupport@iom.int

Niger — Rapport sur le suivi des flux de populations 66 (Décembre 2022)

L’OIM, à travers l’outil de suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitoring en anglais) de la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM en anglais), récolte des données à des points d’entrée, de sortie et de transit clés afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements de populations à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Le suivi des flux de population est une activité qui permet de quantifier et de qualifier les flux et tendances de mobilités, les profils des migrants, et les expériences et routes migratoires. Depuis 2016, plusieurs points de suivi des flux de populations ont été progressivement installés dans d'importantes localités du Niger pour faire le suivi des flux migratoires dans le pays. La période de collecte de ce rapport s’est faite du 1er au 31 Décembre 2022 afin d’observer la tendance de la migration durant le mois.

Contact

DTM Niger, DTMNiger@iom.int

Methdology

Flow Monitoring