Assessment Report

Bangladesh — Cox's Bazar Shelter Standard Assessment (January - March 2021)

The goal of the Shelter/NFI Sector is to ensure that every refugee household has access to protection-focused, culturally appropriate Shelter/NFI solutions that provide privacy, security, protection from the elements, reduced exposure to hazards, tenure security, and space to store belongings and live in a dignified manner. To set a benchmark for shelter quality, the SNFI Sector and partners developed Shelter Performance Standards in 2019. The Shelter Performance Standards were approved by the RRRC on 6 January 2020 and consist of two tiers.

1. The first tier is defined as Minimum Performance Standards. There are 19 minimum performance standards, applicable for all shelter upgrades, repairs, maintenance and shelter replacements in the areas that are not re-developed or newly-developed (TSA I, TSA II, repairs and maintenance, other shelter responses)

2. The second tier is defined as Desired Performance Standards. To meet the Desired Performance Standards all Minimum Performance Standards should also be met. Whenever possible, Desired Performance Standards should be met. Applicable for all shelter construction in re-developed and newly-developed areas

• All the shelters developed in those areas need to follow RRRC approved designs

• Only shelters built in accordance with the Desired Performance Standards and approved RRRC designs can be considered as mid-term shelters (MTS)

The Shelter/NFI Sector initiated the assessment to assess the state of the shelters in all camps against the agreed Shelter Performance standards, approved by the RRRC in January 2020 and can be found in the Shelter/NFI Sector Working Paper 2020-2022 and on the SNFI Sector website. This report presents the findings of the shelter standard assessment.

Contact

NPM Bangladesh, npmbangladesh@iom.int

Methodology

Other

Ethiopia — National Displacement Report 9 (June — July 2021)

In order to capture the displacement and return dynamics in Ethiopia, DTM Ethiopia's National Displacement Report combines findings from its Site Assessment (SA) in Section 1 and findings from the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) in Section 2. The Site Assessment tracks the number and multisectoral needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs), while the Village Assessment Survey tracks the number of IDPs who are returning or have returned to their communities and their multisectoral needs. VAS is also used to evaluate the absorption capacity of villages receiving returns with a focus on accessibility of services, livelihoods and reintegration. 

As of July 2021, a total of 4.17 million IDPs have been identified thus far across the country. Through Site Assessment (SA), a total of 2.07 million IDPs were identified in 1,580 sites across 10 regions in Ethiopia. Simultaenously, 2.1 million IDPs were also tracked through the Emergency Site Assessment (ESA) round 7 which is a monthly tool used to track internal displacement in Tigray, Afar and Amhara regions caused by the Northern Ethiopia Crisis. Of the total displaced population, the main causes of displacement were conflict which displaced 3.5 million IDPs (84%), drought which displaced 308,607 IDPs (7%), flash floods which displaced 157,522 IDPs (4%) and seasonal floods which displaced 112,469 IDPs (3%). 

Through Village Assessment Survey, a total of 1.3 million returning IDPs were identified in 1,180 villages across 10 regions. A large majority of returning IDPs (1.2 million) were initially displaced due to conflict while 56,280 returning IDPs were initially displaced due to seasonal floods and 55,039 returning IDPs due to flash floods. The region hosting the largest number of returning IDPs was Oromia region with 672,315 returning IDPs, followed by Somali region with 387,128 returning IDPs. However, please note that there were considerable access and/or security issues in Amhara, Benishangul GumzOromia and Tigray regions which affacted the total displacement and return count

Contact

DTM Ethiopia, SLOAddisAbabaDTM@iom.int

West and Central Africa — Irregular Migration Routes to Europe (January — June 2021)

This document is a compilation of data collected by IOM from the Italian, Spanish, Greek and Maltese interior ministries on migratory movements from to Europe between 2017 and 2021. It also contains data from IOM's Missing Migrants Project, collects and consolidates information on migrants who have died or gone missing during their migratory journeys, for the year 2021.

Contact

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int

IOM DTM Baseline Assessment Report Round 13 - September 2021

This thirteenth DTM Baseline Assessment Report aims to improve the understanding of internal displacement trends and displaced populations’ needs in Cabo Delgado, Inhambane, Niassa, Nampula, Zambezia and Sofala provinces. DTM Round 9 assessments were carried in 118 localities of the Cabo Delgado province, also covering Inhambane (6 localities), Nampula (77 localities), Niassa (12 localities), Zambezia (6 localities), and Sofala (2 localities).
As of September, an estimated 642,404 IDPs were identified in Cabo Delgado, while an additional 99,448 IDPs were identified in Nampula, 1,221 IDPs in Niassa, 1,602 IDPs in Zambezia, 164 IDPs in Sofala and 110 IDPs in Inhambane. This brings the total number of IDPs due to the situation of insecurity to 744,949 IDPs. This represents an increase of 12,722 displaced individuals compared to the previous round (April 2021). All displacements are a result of the insecurity situation in Cabo Delgado province.

Contact

DTM Mozambique, DTMMozambique@iom.int

Methodology

Baseline Assessment

Paraguay — Flujo de Migración Venezolana, Ronda 4 (Mayo - Junio 2021)

El número de personas venezolanas residiendo en el extranjero ha incrementado de 700 mil a más de 5.6 millones entre el 2015 y 2021. De estas, aproximadamente el 80 por ciento reside actualmente en la región de América Latina y el Caribe.

El flujo de personas refugiadas y migrantes de Venezuela hacia Paraguay ha tenido un crecimiento relativamente lento en comparación con los países vecinos. Sin embargo, a julio del 2021, según cifras oficiales de R4V, un total de 5300 personas venezolanas habían migrado y se habían establecido en Paraguay en contraste con un saldo migratorio de 1435 personas que se habían contabilizado a finales de octubre de 2019.

Teniendo en cuenta este incremento de llegada de personas venezolanas a Paraguay, en julio de 2019 se realizó la primer Matriz de Seguimiento de Desplazamiento (DTM por sus siglas en inglés), en octubre-noviembre de 2019 se consideró necesario realizar una segunda ronda y entre febrero-marzo 2021 se llevó a cabo una tercera ronda la cual buscó medir los efectos de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la población venezolana residente en Paraguay. De esta manera, este informe representa una continuación en el estudio del impacto de la pandemia en las personas migrantes y refugiadas venezolanas residiendo en Paraguay constituyendo la cuarta ronda de DTM realizada en el país entre mayo y junio del 2021.

Contact

iomasuncion@iom.int; dtmvzaresponse@iom.int

Methodology

Survey Flow Monitoring

El Salvador- Linea base para la evaluación de flujos migratorios y seguimiento a la movilidad bajo el contexto de la COVID-19- Reporte Anual (Junio 2020-Julio, 2021)

Desde el 21 de septiembre de 2020 todos los viajeros que deseen ingresar a El Salvador deben presentar la prueba PCR de SRAS-CoV-2 negativa a su arribo. Según la Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería, para ingresar a El Salvador, a mayo de 2021 las personas deben considerar los siguientes aspectos:

  • No vacunados contra la COVID-19: Presentar prueba de COVID-19 negativa (PCR, NAAT, o LAMP) con un máximo de 72 horas previas al ingreso. 
  • Vacunados contra la COVID-19: Presentar cartilla de vacunación original que certifique el cumplimiento de dosis completa según la vacuna.
  • Si la persona que desea ingresar al país ha cumplido únicamente con una dosis de dos: debe presentar prueba de COVID-19 con resultado negativo, 72 horas previas al arribo[1].  

Se ha identificado que la migración irregular, tanto en los movimientos transfronterizos como la migración en tránsito, está siendo incentivada por los altos costos que tienen las pruebas de PCR-RT para identificación de COVID-19. Aproximadamente se estima que los costos de la prueba oscilan entre $100 - $140 USD. Además de ello, este nuevo requisito se ha identificado como una de las causas de la disminución de la migración transfronteriza y de tránsito por El Salvador tanto bajo métodos regulares como irregulares.

Ante las medidas implementadas por el Gobierno de El Salvador sobre la vigilancia y el control fronterizo de puntos ciegos por el contexto de la COVID-19, se mantiene una unidad especializada de la Policía Nacional Civil en conjunto con la Fuerza Armada y las patrullas fronterizas de la Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería. Se encargan del resguardo y el monitoreo de ingreso y salida de personas migrantes por puntos no habilitados en las fronteras de El Salvador, por medio de patrullajes preventivos y constantes.

Los informantes claves coinciden en que el flujo migratorio irregular se da principalmente en horas de la noche y madrugada, principalmente por la posibilidad de evadir controles, ya que hay un menor monitoreo fronterizo por parte de las autoridades policiales.

 

[1] Migración y Extranjería El Salvador. 2021. Disponible en: https://www.facebook.com/MigracionSV/photos/a.15v4411168077683/1781848032000647/

Contact

Cecilia Ramirez cramirez@iom.int

Niger – Analyse D' Enquêtes Individuelles #2 (Avril — Juin 2021)

Ce document propose une analyse de 6 717 enquêtes individuelles menées entre Avril et Juin 2021 auprès de voyageurs transitant par les sept points de suivi de flux populations (FMP) : d'Arlit, de Séguédine et Madama, de Magaria, de Dan Barto, de Dan Issa et de Tahoua. Ces enquêtes font partie des activités de suivi des flux mises en œuvre par l'OIM via la matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM). L'objectif de ces activités est de collecter des informations sur le nombre et les profils des populations mobiles aux points de transit stratégiques situés dans les zones à forte mobilitées. Les enquêtes sont menées quotidiennement avec un échantillon de personnes choisies au hasard et observé aux points de transit. 

Contact

DTM Niger, DTMNiger@iom.int

CBNA R12 — Afghanistan — Community-Based Needs Assessment: Summary Results (January—March 2021)

In January through March 2021, DTM implemented the Community-Based Needs Assessment (CBNA) at the settlement level, as an integral component of DTM's Baseline Mobility Assessment (BMA), providing a comprehensive overview of the evolving, multi-sectoral needs in settlements hosting IDPs and returnees.

Contact

DTMAfghanistan@iom.int

Afghanistan — Emergency Event Tracking (1 - 20 September 2021)

The DTM Emergency Event Tracking (EET) tool is deployed with funding from the European Union to track sudden displacement and population movements. Activated on a need basis, EET utilises a broad network of community focal points (CFP) to capture best estimates of the affected population presence, with one focal point interviewed per community. From 1 September 2021, DTM teams activated EET in Afghanistan to monitor the displacement of individuals and conditions of communities following episodes of drought and rapid political changes.

Contact

DTMAFGHANISTAN@iom.int

Methodology

Event Tracking

Northern Mozambique Crisis – Population Count Update 3 (15 September 2021)

From 31 August to 14 September, Population Count exercises in Centro de Ntele, Massasse and Ujama Relocation Sites were conducted in collaboration with IOM DTM, IOM CCCM and AVSI teams. During the same reporting period, further Population Count activities were completed in Nangua 1 and Nangua 2 Relocation Sites in close coordination with the CCCM cluster. The results of the exercise are shown in the table below.

Contact

DTM Mozambique, DTMMozambique@iom.int