IDPs tracked

Data collection round

Displacement Movements

IDMC 2021
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IDP Population Trend

  • Administrative division with available number of displaced persons
  • Site assessed by DTM
  • Data not available
About Afghanistan

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is an information management system of tools and methodologies used to track and monitor displacement and population mobility. In Afghanistan, IOM activated the DTM programme in January 2017 in response to the substantial increase of Afghans returning home from neighbouring countries, as well as record levels of internal displacement. DTM in Afghanistan is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate multi-layered information about the population sizes, locations, geographic distribution, movements, vulnerabilities, evolving multisectoral needs, and the drivers of migration of returnees, IDPs, migrants and mobile populations. DTM implements baseline mobility assessments, flow monitoring, registrations, and various migration surveys to provide an essential evidence base that enables decision-makers and humanitarian, reintegration and development partners to maximize resources and deliver efficient, better-targeted, mobility-sensitive and sustainable humanitarian; reintegration, community stabilization and development programming.

The value-added impact of DTM in Afghanistan is to inform action and results for people in need. DTM Afghanistan implements its activities at both the national and provincial levels. DTM works closely with other (IOM) programmes through referring identified populations in need of assistance at flow monitoring points to IOM’s Cross Border Return and Reintegration, Protection, Humanitarian Assistance, and Reintegration and Development (RADA) programmes. DTM Afghanistan also supports humanitarian partners and clusters, including WFP, FAO, UNHCR, IRC, DRC, NRC, and WHO, among many others, by providing emergency tracking updates in large-scale or sudden onset movements, such as emergency event tracking and drought response. Furthermore, stabilization and development actors, including IOM’s RADA programme, and the World Bank leverage DTM’s information to select priority communities and districts with higher concentrations of IDPs and returnees to receive reintegration and livelihoods assistance and improvements to core infrastructure and essential services. In support of health partners, including WHO, UNICEF, and the Humanitarian Health Cluster, DTM data informs the selection of priority, at-risk districts, border areas, communities, and health facilities in need of strengthened capacity, response, surveillance, and risk education for polio, TB, COVID-19, and other infectious diseases.


KWENIN Henry Kwesi
DTM Programme Coordinator


Current Donors
Republic of Korea, Norway, CERF, Canada, Italy

Mobility Impact due to COVID-19 in Afghanistan

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions, restrictions and blockages. To better understand how COVID-19 affects global mobility, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been working to map the impacts on human mobility, at Global, Regional and Country level.

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(افغانستان - نتیجه مختصر ارزیابی بنیادی تحرکات (نومبر - دسمبر 2017

در افغانستان، دی تی ام از ابزار ارزیابی تحرکات بنیادی استفاده میکند، این ابزار برای ردیابی تحرکات، مشخص نمودن میزان جمعیت و موقعیت افراد که جبرآ بیجاشده اند، دلایل بیجاشدگی، محلات اصلی، مناطق که بیجاشدگان جابجا شده اند و زمان بیجاشدگی، به شمول آمارگیری اساسی در مورد جمعیت و سطح آسیب پذیری و نیازم

Afghanistan — Returns to Afghanistan in 2017 (28 February 2018)

This report is a joint IOM-UNHCR report depicting Afghan returns from the neighbouring Islamic Republics of Iran and Pakistan and challenges faced by returning Afghans. Over 610,000 Afghans returned from the Islamic Republics of Iran and Pakistan in 2017.

Afghanistan — Baseline Mobility Assessment Report 2 (June 2017)

DTM identified 945,182 IDPs, 454,054 outgoing migrants and 1,471,388 returnees from abroad. 16,701 key informants were interviewed across 9 provinces and 120 districts. A total of 3,920 settlements were assessed.

Afghanistan — Baseline Mobility Assessment Report 1 (March 2017)

The DTM Baseline Mobility Assessment was conducted from 29 January to 16 March 2017 in 3 provinces: Nangarhar, Kunar and Laghman, covering a total of 42 districts and 1,368 settlements with existing target populations.

Afghanistan — Return of Undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran Overview 2016

In 2016, a total of 691,581 undocumented Afghans returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan (248,054) and Iran (443,527). This is a 4% overall increase from 2015 (663,295 returns from Pakistan and Iran).

Afghanistan — Overview of Voluntary Returns in 2016

In 2016, a total of 6,864 Afghans voluntarily returned to their country through the AVRR programme.

Afghanistan — Socio-Economic Survey of Undocumented Returnees (February 2017)

From 2 November 2016 through 7 February 2017, a total of 435 heads of household were interviewed at Zero Point and IOM’s Transit Center near the border. The results of those interviews are analyzed in the following report.

Afghanistan — Socio-Economic Survey of Undocumented Returnees (2 November — 31 December 2016)

A total of 306 heads of households were interviewed: 34% were daily wage laborers in Pakistan, 11% were drivers and 6% were shopkeepers. The majority of the heads of household interviewed (59%) reported at least some debt, mostly between 10,000 - 20,000 PKR.

Afghanistan — Migration Flows from Afghanistan and Pakistan to Europe Desk Review Report (August 2017)

This desk review report is the output of the first phase of IOM’s project implementation on data collection to enable a better understanding of migration flows from Afghanistan and Pakistan towards Europe.

Afghanistan — Return of Undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran (January — March 2016)

During the first three months of 2016, a total of 102,515 undocumented Afghans were deported or spontaneously returned to Afghanistan through Islam Qala Border in Herat, Milak border of Nimroz, Turkham border of Nangarhar and Spin Boldak border of Kandahar provinces in addition to Khost and Pakti

Afghanistan — Return of Undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran (2015) Overview

Between January and December 2015, a total of 663,295 Afghans spontaneously returned and were deported through Torkham, Islam Qala, Milak and Spin Boldak borders. Compared with the same period in 2014, spontaneous returns through the four borders have increased by 31% (416,457 vs.

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