Europe — Mixed Migration Flows to Europe, Yearly Overview (2023)




DTM Mediterranean,
Période couverte
Jan 01 2023
Dec 31 2023
  • Flow Monitoring
  • Migrants presence

DTM Europe gathers, validates and disseminates information on migrants and refugees travelling through the Mediterranean, Western African Atlantic, and Western Balkan routes to Europe. Key routes include:

  • Eastern Mediterranean route (EMR): Bulgaria, Cyprus and Greece
  • Central Mediterranean route (CMR): Italy and Malta
  • Western Mediterranean route (WMR): Peninsular Coasts of Spain, Balearic Islands, Ceuta and Melilla
  • Western African Atlantic route (WAAR): Canary Islands of Spain

DTM also monitors data on migrants in transit through the Western Balkans (WB) region (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Romania, and Kosovo*). These are considered separately to prevent to the extent possible the double counting of the same persons that cross multiple borders to reach Europe.

This report presents the latest available data and trends, focusing on 2023:

  • Mixed Migration Flows to Europe
  • Migrant Flows Monitoring in the Republic of Türkiye
  • First Arrival countries (Italy, Greece, Spain) and other countries of first arrival (Bulgaria, Cyprus and Malta)
  • Transits through the Western Balkan region
  • Migrants' presence, in Europe and the Republic of Türkiye