Libya

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À propos Libya

Libya is a geographically vast country with several regions that are difficult to access. In order to understand the full scope of humanitarian assistance that is needed throughout the country, IOM established the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme in 2016 in order to provide a common operating picture concerning the movement of populations in Libya, allowing humanitarian actors to provide timely assistance to those in need. Following the escalation of conflict and insecurity in 2014, the security situation has remained volatile since with fluctuations in the intensity of localized clashes. Congruently, conflict has caused new displacements, often in areas ill-equipped to accommodate large population movements while also negatively impacting the large migrant population residing and transiting through Libya. More recently, the capital Tripoli was heavily affected by displacement waves in September 2018 and April 2019.

DTM’s mobility tracking and flow monitoring activities identified many migrants in-country to be in need of various forms of assistance. Libya’s geographic location, resources and work opportunities has made it both a country of destination and transit for migrants for many years. Despite the deterioration of the security situation since 2011 migrants continue coming to and transiting through Libya, the majority from Sub-Saharan and North African countries. 

In this complex operating environment, DTM Libya has been providing a common operating picture concerning the movement of populations in Libya since 2016, allowing humanitarian actors to provide timely assistance to those in need. Through its mobility tracking, flow monitoring and needs assessment activities, DTM Libya has established itself as data hub for quantitative data on migratory flows to and within Libya, migrant presence in Libya disaggregated by nationality and area, as well as humanitarian needs of migrants, internally displaced population and returnees. All activities are implemented through periodical bi-monthly data collection cycles, allowing trend analysis over time to provide evidence-base for both policy-level discussions and to guide humanitarian action.

In order to facilitate humanitarian interventions, DTM works closely with IOM’s other programmes through referring identified populations in need of assistance at flow monitoring points to IOM’s Direct Assistance, Health, Voluntary Humanitarian Return (VHR), Protection and Migrant Rapid Response Mechanism (MRRM) programmes. Furthermore, DTM Libya supports other humanitarian partners through providing emergency tracking updates in case of sudden population movements as well as facilitating humanitarian assessments for the Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) jointly implemented by IOM, UNICEF, WFP and UNFPA.

For more information on IOM's activities in Libya, please visit the IOM Libya country office website.

Contacter

DTM Libya
DTMLibya@iom.int

Current Donors
  • EUTF
Impact sur la mobilité dû au COVID-19 en Libya

To better understand how COVID-19 affects global mobility, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been working to map the impacts on human mobility, at Global, Regional and Country level.


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Profile of Migrants from Pakistan in Libya (July 2024)

This profile provides information on the most recent migration dynamics between Pakistan and Libya as well as the sociodemographic characteristics of Pakistani migrants and information on the routes they travelled to reach Libya.

Profile of Migrants from Bangladesh in Libya (July 2024)

This profile provides information on the most recent migration dynamics between Bangladesh and Libya as well as the sociodemographic characteristics of Bangladeshi migrants and information on the routes they travelled to reach Libya.

Profile of Migrants from Niger in Libya (June 2024)

This profile provides information on the most recent migration dynamics between Niger and Libya as well as the sociodemographic characteristics and vulnerabilities of Nigerien migrants in Libya, including their level of access to healthcare and employment conditions. 

Profile of Migrant Construction Workers in Libya (June 2024)

This document showcases the profile of construction migrant workers in Libya surveyed by DTM Libya in 2023.

Profile of Migrant Agricultural Workers in Libya (June 2024)

This document showcases the profile of agricultural migrant workers in Libya surveyed by DTM Libya in 2023.

Libya — Maritime Update Libyan Coast (23-29 June 2024)

This fact sheet provides a bi-weekly update on migration-related events off the Libyan coast. During the reporting period, 226 migrants were intercepted and returned to Libya during the reporting period.

Libya — Migrant Report 52 (March - May 2024)

IOM Libya’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme identified a total of 725,304 migrants from 44 nationalities in the 100 Libyan municipalities during round 52 of data collection (March - May 2024).

Migrant Report Key Findings 52 (March - May 2024)

This infographic presents the key findings of Round 52 of the mobility tracking and flow monitoring components of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme in Libya.

Missing ID: An assessment of the challenges in obtaining travel documents for migrants in Libya (April 2024)

The findings of this study confirm that lacking travel documents is a contributing and exacerbating factor driving vulnerability among migrants in Libya.

Migrant Report Key Findings 51(January- February 2024)

This infographic presents the key findings of Round 51 of the mobility tracking and flow monitoring components of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme in Libya.

Libya — Migrant Report 51 (January- February 2024)

The number of migrants in Libya has been increasing since September 2023 and stands at its highest since DTM started operating in Libya. Previously, the number of migrants in Libya had declined as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and its socioeconomic impact.

Tobruk Rapid Needs Assessment: An analysis of Sudanese nationals in Tobruk who arrived in Libya after the onset of conflict in April 2023

This Rapid Needs Assessment provides a snapshot of the situation of the Sudanese nationals who arrived in the municipality of Tobruk after the onset of conflict in Sudan in April 2023.

Pakistani Migrants' Presence in Libya (October - December 2023)

This snapshot on Pakistani migrants’ presence in Libya is part of the outputs of IOM’s EU-funded Displacement Tracking Matrix - Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP) project.

Libya — Solutions and Mobility Index Report (January 2024)

In consideration of its Internal Displacement Strategy, IOM developed this Solutions and Mobility Index (SMI) Report to further support with data initiatives around fragility, solutions and mobility. This report provides an assessment of stability in municipalities, focusin

Libya — Profile of Sudanese Migrants in Libya (March 2024) [ARABIC]

يقدم هذا الملف معلومات عن وضع المهاجرين السودانيين في ليبيا ونقاط ضعفهم، بما في ذلك أولئك الذين وصلوا بعد بداية النزاع في منتصف أبريل 2023، ويقدم تحديثًا لموجز نُشر في مايو 2023.

Libya — Profile of Sudanese Migrants in Libya (March 2024)

This profile provides information on the situation and vulnerabilities of Sudanese migrants in Libya, including those having arrived after the onset of conflict in mid-April 2023 and provides an update to a brief published in

Migrant Report Key Findings 50 (October - December 2023)

This infographic presents the key findings of Round 50 of the mobility tracking and flow monitoring components of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme in Libya.

Libya — Migrant Report 50 (October - December 2023)

IOM Libya’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme identified a total of 706,509 migrants from 45 nationalities in the 100 Libyan municipalities during round 50 of data collection (October - December 2023). The number of migrants in Libya increased slightly compared to the previous rou

Storm Daniel Rapid Assessment of the Situation of Displaced Individuals Housed by Host Families

The information included in this report is based on 56 key informant interviews which were conducted between 31 December 2023 and 05 January 2024 over the phone and in person.

Libya — Migrant Report 49 (July - September 2023)

IOM Libya’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme identified a total of 697,532 migrants from over 45 nationalities in the 100 Libyan municipalities during round 49 of data collection (July - September 2023).

Migrant Report Key Findings 49 (July - September 2023)

This infographic presents the key findings of Round 49 of the mobility tracking and flow monitoring components of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme in Libya.

Libya - National Displacement Profile 2023

Following the release of the first edition of PROGRESS 2023 report, the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has compiled a series of National Displacement Profiles based on end of year 2023 figures.

Aftershock: An assessment of how climate change is influencing migration and vulnerability in Libya (November 2023)

This study is based on data collected through interviews with 3,418 migrants held in September and October 2023 in Libya. It shows how climate change acts as a threat multiplier, exacerbating the vulnerabilities of migrants in their countries of origin and in Libya.

Libya — Impact of Storm Daniel: Displacement and Needs Update: Derna Municipality

On 10 September 2023 Storm Daniel hit northeastern Libya, leading to substantial rainfall and sudden floods in the coastal areas and cities. The subsequent collapse of the Mansour and Derna dams severely compounded damages across Derna municipality.


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Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 52
2024-05-31

<p>Libya Migrants baseline assessment and flow monitoring Round 52</p>

Flow Monitoring, Flow Monitoring Registry, Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 51
2024-02-29

<p>Libya Migrants baseline assessment Round 51</p>

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 50
2023-12-31

<p>Libya Migrants baseline assessment</p>

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Storm Daniel Update: IDPs Baseline Assessment
2023-10-31

<p>A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country. This dataset contains information regarding areas in Libya that experienced new displacements in the…

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 49
2023-07-01

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 48
2023-06-30

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 47
2023-04-30

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 46
2023-02-28

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 45
2022-12-31

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - IDPs Baseline Assessment Round 45
2022-12-31

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 44
2022-10-31

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 43
2022-08-31

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - IDPs And Returnees Baseline Assessment Round 43
2022-08-31

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 42
2022-06-30

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - IDPs and Returnees Baseline Assessment Round 42
2022-06-30

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 41
2022-04-30

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - IDPs and Returnees Baseline Assessment Round 41
2022-04-30

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - Migrants Baseline Assessment Round 40
2022-01-31

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - IDPs and Returnees Baseline Assessment Round 40
2022-01-31

A baseline assessment is a sub-component of mobility tracking. It aims to collect data on IDP, migrant or returnee population presence in a defined administrative area of the country.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment
Libya - IDPs And Returnees Baseline Assessment Round 39
2021-11-30

IDP and Returnees Round 39 Dataset.

Mobility Tracking, Baseline Assessment

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