Romania — Surveys with Refugees from Ukraine: Needs, Intentions, and Integration Challenges (Jan-Mar 2023)
Mar 31 2023
This report is based on a survey of displacement patterns, needs and intentions conducted by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the 11 countries included in the Regional Response Plan for Ukraine in 2023: 6 countries neighbouring Ukraine – Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Romania and Slovakia – and other 5 countries particularly impacted by the arrivals of refugees from Ukraine since the start of the war in February 2022 – Bulgaria, Czechia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Romania - Key findings:
- High inclusion rate: 61% registered to healthcare services, 86% applied to EU temporary protection, 91% of the UA children are enrolled in a school.
- Employment status: applied for a job (24%), employed (51%), unemployed and not looking for a job (45%).
- Main destination countries: 3% are transiting Romania with the top 3 destination countries: Lithuania, Germany and the UK.
- Intention to stay: yes (51%), already settled (31%), Ukrainian residence (10%), does not know (4%), no (3%).
- Top areas of assistance received*: accommodation (57%), financial services (56%), food supplies (56%) or sanitary supplies (44%).
- Top inclusion challenges: language (74%) employment (25%), medical services (12%), children schooling (10%).
- Main needs: financial support (57%), general information (51%), health services (50%), sanitary supplies (39%) and food supplies (36%).